But while other bands soon sprang up as part of the so-called grunge movement a merging of hard rock and punk , other groups, such as Soundgarden, straddled the worlds of alternative and mainstream rock music. Exacerbated by the suicide of Nirvana's frontman Kurt Cobain, alternative music started to lose its luster by the middle of the decade, setting the stage for mainstream rock's reemergence.
By using LiveAbout, you accept our. Psychedelic rock was spreading across the country, and spilling over into Britain. Soon America produced the Doors and England produced the Pink Floyd , two bands whose influence will be gigantic.
Texas psychedelia went unnoticed, but bands like Red Crayola were far ahead of their time. Detroit was also left out of the main loop, but nonetheless the MC5 and the Stooges helped move rock music one notch up the ladder of noise. The boom of rock music in the United States helped resurrect the blues. Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin became stars, while countless white blues musicians flooded the clubs of Chicago and San Francisco. The Band and Creedence Clearwater Revival reached new peaks in the revisitation of traditional white and black music. In the south this revival movement will lead to the boom of "southern rock" and the likes of the Allman Brothers and Lynyrd Skynyrd.
The History of Rock Biopics
Country music was still a Nashville monopoly, but several artists were merging it with eastern meditation, jazz improvisation and rock's freedom. Sandy Bull , Robbie Basho and John Fahey were playing long instrumental tracks that easily rank with the most ambitious pieces of the avantgarde. In the meantime, black music was going through a metamorphosis of its own.
Soul music turned into a form of party music with Tamla Motown's acts such as the Supremes, and rhythm and blues mutated in a feverish genre called "funk" for obscene performers such as James Brown. In Britain, rock music took more of a European feel with the underground movement that was born out of psychedelic clubs. Canterbury became the center of the most experimental school of rock music. The Soft Machine were the most important band of the period, lending rock music a jazz flavor that would inspire "progressive-rock".
Their legacy can be seen in later Canterbury bands such as Henry Cow , no less creative and improvisational. Progressive-rock took away rock's energy and replaced it with a brain. Traffic , Jethro Tull , Family and later Roxy Music developed a brand of soul-rock that had little in common with soul or rock and roll: long, convoluted jams, jazz accents, and baroque arrangements derailed the song format. Arrangements became more and more complex, insturmentalists become more and more skilled.
Electronic instruments were employed frequently. Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band , Third Ear Band and Hawkwind created genres that at the time had no name decadent cabaret, world-music and psychedelic hard rock. The paradigm soon spilled into continental Europe, that gave its first major rock acts: Magma , Art Zoyd , Univers Zero.
53d. America Rocks and Rolls
Even Britain's folksingers sounded more like French intellectuals than oldfashioned storytellers. The folk revival of the Sixties was mainly the creation of a fistful of three collectives: the Pentangle , the Fairport Convention and the Incredible String Band. The deaths of the Doors' Jim Morrison, of Janis Joplin, of Jimi Hendrix and countless others, sort of cooled down the booming phenomenon. After the excesses of the mid Sixties, a more peaceful way to rock nirvana had already been proposed by Bob Dylan and others when they rediscovered country music.
And "country-rock" became one of the fads of the Seventies, yielding successful bands such as the Eagles. Reggae became a mainstream genre thanks to Bob Marley. Funk became even more absurd and experimental with George Clinton's bands.
The Seventies were mostly a quiet age, devoid of the nevrastenic battage of the Sixties. At the turn of the decade, the main musical phenomenon was the emergence of a new generation of singer songwriters that were the direct consequence of the previous generation's intellectual ambitions. In Britain, the musical decadence led to decadence-rock, personified by dandies David Bowie and Marc Bolan. Eccentric remnants of progressive-rock such as Robert Fripp and Peter Gabriel started avantgarde careers that led to an expanded notion of rock music.
New musicians such as Kate Bush and Mike Oldfield helped liberate rock music from the classification in genres and opened the road to more abstract music. But the single most influential musician was Brian Eno , who first led Roxy Music to innovate progressive-rock and then invented ambient music. Largely neglected at the time, German rock often referred to as "kosmische musik" was probably twenty years ahead of British rock.
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They laid the foundations for popular electronic music, for modern instrumental rock, even for new age music and for disco-music. THe Seventies were largely a decade of consolidation, rather than innovation, but two phenomena erupted that would have a strong impact: disco-music and punk-rock. Disco-music was the first genre to use electronic instruments for commercial, mass-scale music.
The World Before Rock and Roll (1900-1955)
The beat of dance music would never be the same again. Orchestral arrangements became as ordinary as a guitar solo. Punk-rock had an even greater impact, because it came with the emancipation of the record industry from the "majors". Thousands of independent record labels promoted underground artists and soon the music scene was dramatically split between mainstream rock descendant of Presley and Beatles and alternative rock descendant of Zappa and Grateful Dead. Punk-rock per se was fast, loud rock and roll music, but it quickly became a moniker for all angry music of the time.
From the ashes of decadent acts such as the New York Dolls, the Ramones made punk-rock more than a sound, they made it a religion. The Sex Pistols led the prolific British school of punk-rock. Punks were not necessarily angry, anarchic and suicidal: the Clash and the Fall were punks with a brain.
New York punks were as intellectual as the folksingers of twenty years before. Patti Smith , Television , Suicide and Feelies were the main acts of the "new wave". The new wave was truly a new wave of creativity, that harked back to the mid Sixties, when bands were competing to innovate. The Pere Ubu and Devo in Ohio, and the Residents and the Chrome in San Francisco led the way for hundreds of bands that went beyond the song format and offered music as bizarre and revolutionary as Zappa's and Beefheart's.
Tom Petty , in California, was one of the few musicians of that generation to remain untouched by the experimental frenzy. Rock and roll is the most brutal, ugly, degenerate, vicious form of expression — lewd, sly, in plain fact, dirty — a rancid-smelling aphrodisiac and the martial music of every side-burned delinquent on the face of the earth. The commercial possibilities were limitless.
As a generation of young adults finished military service, bought houses in suburbia, and longed for stability and conformity, their children seemed to take comfort for granted. They wanted to release the tensions that bubbled beneath the smooth surface of postwar America. Report broken link. American History 1. The Iroquois Tribes 2. The House of Burgesses 3. Witchcraft in Salem 4. The Ideas of Benjamin Franklin 5.
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