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Risk of redundancy will not stop the living. Redundancy is living. I, for one, get turned on by my own insignificance. Raymond Pettibon No Title An artist in… , It turns monologue into a kind of dialogue, relating his drawings to his parallel scriptwriting and filmmaking practice. Rare exceptions aside, language must come out, like the pictures, in his own hand. Handwriting expresses the timbre, pitch, and mood of voice; font and graphological style capture personality and identity.

It kind of fulfills all of his needs of expression and in my hands it usually becomes very literary. He is a magical invocation: mantra and motto, incantation and brute affirmation. Duration matters; moods shift as circumstances develop from day to day, month to month, minute to minute. Fortunes fluctuate, wars are waged, governments change hands. So when I finally sign the work on the back I love that there are very long delays between the beginning and completion of a work, confirming the primacy of the whole practice, as a function of time, over any particular piece.

The supreme achievement, the insane passion, is the sustained dedication to a life of reading and drawing, each drawing a mere signpost pointing that way. Ibid, p. Ulrich Loock Bern: Kunsthalle Bern, , Surfing is one of the most iconic and poetic Raymond Pettibon's images.

The Cloud of Misreading at Garage presents both small-scale and monumental surf paintings, as this one, painted by the artist especially for Garage. Watch the artist's work in progress, and come to see the exhibition. Garage Research has prepared a selection of books on the artist and punk culture, essential for getting a closer insight into his practice. Garage has prepared an illustrated guide to The Cloud of Misreading that includes texts, found in nearly every single work by the artist, translated to Russian by writer Kirill Medvedev.

Pettibon engages with a variety of sources: from literature to mass media. The artist never makes direct citations, but rather processes texts through his individual perspective, making it a rather complicated task for a viewer to navigate through this sort of intertextuality. Most of the videos do not show where the fire is spilled from. Many of them just showing clouds of smke far way. Other videos clearly show artillery fire not an airstrike.

"boy" translation into Russian

But at a closer look it turns out all the pictures are mere geographical and time references. This method is not quite scientifical. Peter I saw the detachment of a part of the Swedish infantry from the main forces and sent five infantry battalions against it under the command of Lieutenant-General S. Renzel Tobolsk and Koporsk regiments of the battalion composition, as well as the battalion of the regiment Felenheim and 5 dragoon regiments of Lieutenant-General I.

The cavalry of Major-General VA Shlippenbach joined the detachment of Roos and played the role of an advanced detachment at the beginning of the battle. Schlippenbach went to search for the main army, but ran into the Russian cavalry and was captured. This was the first captured general of the Swedish army in the Battle of Poltava.

Soon, Roos saw before him the Russians around him. After a short but heated battle, the remains of the detachment of Roos by this time people fled south through the forest to the Swedish fortifications near Poltava. Here the detachment took refuge in the so-called "Guards Throne" and soon surrendered to capitulation to S. Petersburg - Petrograd, ". After overcoming the line of Russian redoubts, there was a pause in the battle. The Swedish army was putting itself in order; her command awaited the return of her cavalry and infantry and knew nothing about the fate of the detachment of Roos.

Tsar Peter, having lost sight of the Swedish army and not knowing the plans of the Swedes, began to withdraw his troops from the retrenchment: first to keep the line of defense to the right of the fortification to the north , 13 battalions were put in two lines, to the left south - 10 battalions, also in 2 lines. About six o'clock in the morning, Peter led the whole army out of the camp and built it in two lines, having in the center infantry under the command of General-Field Marshal BP Sheremetev and General AI Repnin, on the left flank cavalry of General A.

Menshikov, the cavalry of the right flank was commanded by R. Baur prior to his arrival, the brigadier IB Veisbach commanded the cavalry.

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The Russian artillery was commanded by Lieutenant-General Ya. A reserve was left in the camp of nine infantry battalions Major-General I. Pavlovsky presented the following combat order of the opposing forces in the decisive phase of the battle:. The chief of the right flank of the position was appointed General-Field Marshal Sheremetev. Dolgorukov commanded various parts of the battle line.

In the center, in two lines, there are 16 battalions of the division kn. The first line included 2 battalions of grenadiers, two battalions of the Kiev regiment, two battalions of Narva, one Schlusselburg, one Novgorod and one bottle.

The second line included two battalions of the Belgorod regiment and one battalion of the Kiev, Narva, Schliesselburg, Novgorod and Bottrop infantry regiments. The brigadier Augustov was appointed head of the first line, and the second was Brigadier Felengeheim. The sections of the position distributed between the brigadiers Nechaev, Lev and Polonsky were under the command of the head of the center, the tsar himself, who at the same time united at the same time the command over all the troops on the battlefield.

Repnin, remaining in position and directing directly the actions of his division, received another appointment to replace Peter in case of his absence and take command over the entire combat line, if Sheremetev was killed. The left flank comprised 12 battalions of General Allart's division from the regiments of the Grenadier, Pskov, Siberian, Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow and Von Deldin, under the guise of 6 regiments of the cavalry of the generals of Prince Volkonsky and Belling and Brigadier Bema, under general command over the entire left flank of the General from the cavalry of Prince Menshikov.

The artillery was located between the regiments under the general command of the lieutenant-general from the artillery of Bruce. Of the 9 battalions left in the camp, three and part of the national teams, under the command of Colonel Golovin, were sent for the occupation of the Poltava Cross Exaltation Monastery with the appointment to enter into a connection with the garrison of the fortress of Poltava.

In the decisive stage of the battle, the number of Russian cavalry was 7, "lower ranks" on the right flank and on the left total 12, people. Field Marshal KG Renshild did not believe that the Russians were lining up for battle, and personally left to make sure. However, the fact remained a fact: the Russians changed their "passive tactics", which cost them so dearly under Golovchin.

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Without waiting for the approach of the detachment of Roos, the Swedish infantry 10 battalions of infantry, about 4, men under General AL Lewenhaupt's lining were lined up from right to left :. Sparre, with the support of Dragoons Niels Elm Hielm , were sent to search for Ross's detachment; later they returned to the battlefield.

The cavalry of the right flank Major-General KG Kreutz, 52 squadrons , because of the tightness on the battlefield, was not on the flank, but behind the Swedish infantry. The Russians stood so tightly that the gaps between the battalions were about 10 m, and at these intervals rolled out the weapons deployed in battle formations. Trying to build his own line no less than the enemy line, the Swedes broke up between battalions about 50 m. And still the Russian line about 2 km was longer than the Swedish 1. However, the Swedish command did not bother the numerical superiority of the Russians: it focused on a swift attack of the Carolinas, which was supposed to overturn the enemy's army and take to flight.

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In addition, the difference in the latitude of the line could be compensated for by the advantage of the Swedes in the cavalry. At 9 o'clock in the morning the line of the Swedish infantry attacked the Russian infantry. The Swedes were first met with artillery fire, then the opponents exchanged gunfire, and then began a melee. The Swedish cavalry of KG Kreutz supported the attack of his infantry; Four left-flank Russian battalions the Nizhny Novgorod and Grenadier regiments of the foreman de Buka were forced to stand in the square, but AD Menshikov's cavalry attacked the Swedes in the flank, upsetting their attack.

Encouraged by the presence of the king, the right wing of the Swedish infantry furiously attacked the left flank of the Russian army. Under the onslaught of the Swedes, the first line of Russian troops began to retreat. In the front line of the Russian infantry, a dangerous rupture of the fighting order was formed: the Swedes "overturned" the 1st Battalion of the Novgorod Regiment with a bayonet attack, captured more than a dozen Russian guns, some of which they turned against the enemy.

Russian historiography describes the feat of Tsar Peter I, who in time noticed this, took the 2nd Battalion of the Novgorod Regiment and led it to a dangerous place. The arrival of the tsar put an end to the successes of the Swedes and the order on the left flank was restored. While the right flank of the Swedish infantry broke through the front of the Russian army, its left flank did not even come into contact with the Russians. On the contrary, the Russian infantry of the right flank of Lieutenant-General M. Golitsyn the most experienced, including the Guards regiments attacked the Swedish infantry and turned her into flight.


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The cavalry of the Swedish left flank did not manage to support its own infantry and soon itself was put to flight, while the commander of the Nyaland Cavalry Regiment Colonel Anders Torstensson was killed, and Major-General H. Hamilton was taken prisoner. The flight of the infantry of the Swedish left flank exposed the center of the battle formations.

The Russian infantry strengthened the pressure on the enemy, and the thin line of the Swedes melted, the gaps between the battalions reached m. The flanks of the Russian army embraced the fighting order of the Swedes. The Swedes are already tired of a tense battle. Both standing in the center of the battalion of the Uppland regiment were surrounded and completely destroyed out of people only 14 came out, Col. Gustav Shernhok and Colonel Arendt von Post were killed. Colonels Karl Gustaf Ulfsparre commander of the Scaraburg regiment , Gustav Rank commander of the Kalmar Regiment and Georg Juhan Wrangel commander of the 2nd Battalion of the Nerk-Vermland Regiment , under the onslaught of the Russian forces, the Swedes who lost their system began an indiscriminate retreat, which turned to 11 o'clock in the present flight.

Realizing the inevitability of defeat, the king, under the protection of the Drabanians and cavalry, Major-General KG Kreits left the battlefield, while passing through the line of Russian redoubts which again occupied the Russians , the protection of the king suffered great losses. The historian of King Gustav Adlerfelt died here. Having reached the train in Pushkarevka where there were about cavalry and faithful to Charles XII Cossacks , the Swedish army began to put itself in order.

Here, two regiments joined the army, which led to the siege of Poltava during the sacking of AS Kelin against the Swedes, the commander of the Sodermann regiment, Colonel Gabriel von Weidenheim was killed. In the evening, the Swedish army with the king headed south, to cross the Dnieper. Quartermaster General A. Gillenkrok was sent to the Dnieper. In the hands of the Russians there were banners and standards. The 1st Minister of the King Karl Pieper with two secretaries of state was taken out of the Poltava garrison.

One Allart's division captured 22 banners, including 6 banners of the Life Guards and 2 standards of the Horse Guards and Elm's Dragoons. Still sounded the sounds of battle, and Peter I again built his army and began to celebrate the victory. At the table, Peter drank for the faithfulness and courage of the Swedes and for the health of his teachers in the military business.

Meyerfeldt to meet him with a message: Minister Piper was entitled to negotiate peace and exchange prisoners of war. However, this trick detained the Russians only for 2 hours. Soon, the remnants of the Swedish army were overtaken by the Russians and blocked by Perevolochna. Sixteen thousand people surrendered here, including 3 generals Levenhaupt, Kreutz and Kruze , 11 colonels, 16 lieutenant colonels, 23 majors, 1 paramediceman, 12, non-commissioned officers and private soldiers, as well as a large number of non-combatants.

Charles XII with Mazepa managed to escape.

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The Swedish king disappeared in the territory of the Ottoman Empire in Bendery. However, his detachment, sent to establish contact with the Swedish troops in Poland, General Krassova, was defeated by the Chernivtsi Russian detachment, and Quartermaster General A. Gyllenkrock was taken prisoner. The losses of the Swedes in the battle amounted to people, people were captured. The losses of Russians amounted to 1, people killed and 3, wounded. Polonsky, 5 colonels, 11 headquarters and 94 chief officers.

As a result of the Battle of Poltava, the army of King Charles XII was so drained that it could no longer conduct active offensive operations.

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Sweden's military might was undermined, and in the Northern War, a turning point in favor of Russia. The Danish king also again came out against Sweden, and now, thanks to the gained prestige, Russia was not worth any money subsidies, or the sending of a military contingent. Peter I was declared the "first lieutenant-general" and the Shautbenaht "from the blue flag. In addition, generals R. Baur, M.

Golitsyn, I. Geiskin and G. Volkonsky received estates. Renzel and Ya. Bruce were awarded the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called. The same order and rank of the secret adviser gemrat was awarded to Prince GF Dolgorukov. In honor of the battle, medals were stamped out for all the officers and soldiers who participated in it. The prisoners were first held in the fortress of Oranienbaum, then transported to Moscow, where on December 21, January 1, , they marched through the streets of the capital at the solemn entrance of Peter I. On this day, a large number of prisoners of war - 22, Swedes, Finns, Germans and others, taken during 9 years of war.

On July 8, all the captured Swedes were interviewed for admission to the service of the tsar. In the Russian army formed two infantry regiments of Swedish prisoners of war stood in Astrakhan and Kazan. The dragoon regiment of the Swedes participated in the expedition of Bekovitch to Khiva in Of the 23 thousand Swedish prisoners of war taken under Poltava and Perevolochnaya, only about again saw their homeland. In some regiments, which began a military campaign with thousands of personnel, about a dozen people returned home.

As early as , eight years after the end of the war and twenty years after Poltava, ex-prisoners continued to come to Sweden. Hardly the most recent among them was Guardian Hans Appelman: he returned in , after 36 years of captivity. The mythmaking around the Battle of Poltava began soon after its end.