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Thomas, Tischner, Rudolf. Geschichte der okkultistischen metapsychischen Forschung von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Teil: Von der Mitte des Jahrhunderts bis zur Gegenwart. Leben, Werk und Wirkungen. Tischner, Rudolf and Bittel, Karl. Mesmer und sein Problem: Magnetismus—Suggestion—Hypnose. Usteri, Paul. Specimen bibliothecae criticae magnetismi sic dicti animalis. Gottingen: Joannes Christ. Dieterich, Wyckoff, James. Between God and Devil. Wygrant, Larry J. The Truman G. Blocker, Jr. History of Medicine Collections: Books and Manuscripts. Galveston: University of Texas Medical Branch, Dissertatio physico-medica de planetarum influxu.

Vienna: Ghelen, , 48 pp. Translated and edited by George Bloch. The first published writing of Franz Anton Mesmer is a dissertation presented to the University of Vienna medical school for the degree of doctor of medicine. Although there is no record of what Mesmer studied in the years from to , the rest of his education is known, and there is little reason to think he attained a degree during that hiatus.

Mesmer came to Vienna in to study at the university. After one year in law, he began a six-year program in the medical school, finishing with this dissertation. At the very beginning of the thesis Mesmer states that he is attempting to continue the work of Richard Mead — who wrote about the influence of the stars on men.

Mesmer emphasizes that he is not talking about an astrological understanding of that influence, but a purely physical, scientific one. After a general discussion of the laws of planetary motion, centrifugal force, and gravitation, he writes of his notion that there must be tides in the atmosphere just as there are in the ocean. Mesmer then presents his own original ideas.

He says that just as there are tides in the sea and the atmosphere, so also there are tides in the human body. There is, he asserts, a universal gravitation by which our bodies are affected. Through this influence emanating from the stars, our bodies are caused to resonate in a harmonious fashion. This fact, says Mesmer, must be taken seriously by medical practitioners, for if human bodies are violently shaken by the action of celestial bodies, then understanding the nature of that influence is of utmost importance.

Vienna: n. Gedruckte Antwort des Herrn Dr Mesmer vom Januar Apparently the treatise first appeared in a Viennese periodical and then as a separate pamphlet. Now it can only be found in the Sammlung der neuesten gedruckten und geschriebenen Nachrichten see entry number 9. Hell claimed that the cures ascribed by Mesmer to animal magnetism were really due to the action of magnets. In his response, Mesmer not only reasserts that animal magnetism was the cause, he also denies that magnets are of any use in treating illness. Herrn Dr Mesmers Schreiben an die Frankfurter vom Mai A letter on magnetism addressed to the inhabitants of Frankfort.

It can be found today only in the Sammlung der neuesten gedruckten und geschriebenen Nachrichten see entry number 9. Mesmer, Doktor der Arzneygelahrtheit, an einen auswartigen Arzt. Mesmer, Doctor of Medicine at Vienna to A. Written on January 5, , to Doctor Johann Christoph Unzer of Altona, this treatise appeared as a pamphlet and was then immediately published in the Neuer gelehrter Mercurius edited by Unzer. He distinguishes animal magnetism from mineral magnetism, but at the same time shows the analogy between the two.

An edition of this work published in has an important addition: a section titled Anhang von einigen Briefen und Nachrichten. This appendix contains excerpts from letters describing cures performed by Mesmer and ascribed to animal magnetism. Beschreibung eines mit dem kunstlichen Magneten angestellten medicinischen Versuchs. Hamburg: Herold, , pp. The results were good, and he wrote this favorable opinion of the medical use of magnets. Schreiben den Thier. Magnetismus u. Prague: n. Klinkosch included the alleged cures through exorcism performed by Gassner and those carried out by Mesmer using animal magnetism in the same category.

He considered them to be false and delusory and argued that if any such cures occurred, it must be through electricity rather than magnetism. There are questions about both authorship and date. Amadou believes it a genuine piece by Mesmer, while Frank Pattie has his doubts. A collection of journal articles and polemical pamphlets written by Mesmer, Hell and others about the nature and efficacy of magnetic healing.

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For some of those writings this is the only remaining source. Mesmer himself acknowledged the accuracy of the reproductions in this collection. A foundational work in the history of modern psychology. Having experimented with iron magnets to treat illnesses, Mesmer came to the conclusion that the human body itself is a magnet and that the physician, using his own body magnetically, can produce the most effective cures.

To promote his discovery, Mesmer moved in to Paris, which was the intellectual center of the Europe of his day. His Parisian clinic claimed many remarkable cures. Mesmer considered himself above all a physician and a scientist. According to Mesmer, there exists in nature a universal agent which, through as yet unknown laws, produces a mutual influence among the heavenly bodies, the earth, and living things. When this agent is observed operating in living organisms, it is seen to have properties of attraction similar to those of the magnet, even exhibiting polarity.

He uses the magnetic power of his own body to influence the ebb and flow of magnetic fluid in that of his patient, restoring the natural balance of animal magnetic currents and thus aiding nature in the cure of disease. Mesmer states that in this way animal magnetism can cure nervous disorders directly and other disorders indirectly. It resulted in their demand that he give up his involvement with the practice of animal magnetism.

This book was his major opus on animal magnetism in which he describes his first exposure to animal magnetism and how he became convinced of its efficacy. He knew this from his own experience, having been cured by Mesmer of a life-long ailment. Vienna and Paris: L. Delalain le jeune, , 16 pp. In this booklet he criticizes the animal magnetic fluid of Mesmer, claiming it is simply an electro-magnetic influence. In the reviews, Paulet makes some extravagant claims against Mesmer and animal magnetism. The Hague: n.

Bergasse was a lawyer, philosopher, and political theorist from Lyons. In he was successfully treated by Mesmer and became his devoted follower. In this letter he declares his belief in the efficacy of the cures performed by Mesmer and condemns the closed attitude of orthodox medicine. Beauvais: P. Desjardins, , 15 pp. An important early testimony of a cure by Mesmer with independent witnesses. The condition and cure paralysis of part of the body of a young woman are described in some detail. London: n. This collection of documents and comments was translated into French from an outline written by Mesmer in German.

The original outline was later destroyed and the German version of this work published in was a translation from the French edition. The work attempts to give a history of animal magnetism to date by reproducing and commenting on important relevant documents. The history of animal magnetism is divided into five time periods: 1 dealings with the Faculty of Medicine at Vienna, 2 dealings with the Academy of Sciences at Paris, 3 dealings with the Royal Society of Medicine at Paris, 4 various activities in the two years following, and 5 dealings with the Faculty of Medicine at Paris.

Mesmer uses the documentation format to reiterate his views and emphasize his side in the various disputes in which he had been involved. A study of the use of the divining rod and its effectiveness in discovering hidden sources of water. Thouvenel recalls the tradition of magnetic medicine and the theories of earlier writers concerning a universal magnetic force which accounts for such mysterious powers. The similarities between these ideas of Thouvenel and those of Mesmer are, however, striking. Paris: P. Gueffier, , 28 pp.

Lettre de M. Geneva: B. Chirol and E. London and Aix-la-Chapelle: n. Lettre sur le secret de M. However, he does admit that cures have been brought about through its application. The authors describe the medical uses of magnets, beginning with a history of the subject. They then take up contemporary practitioners who use magnets to heal, including Franz Anton Mesmer. In , however, Thouret revised his view, becoming very critical of animal magnetism in his Recherches et doutes , entry number Pierres, , pp.

This pamphlet consists of a letter from Mesmer to a Doctor Philip with comments added by Bacher. His monumental nine-volume Monde primitif — was a virtual encyclopedia of studies in comparative linguistics. He passionately appeals for a serious study of that system and indicates the directions that study might take. In animal magnetism he believed he had discovered the true basis for that science.

Paris: Imprimerie Royale, , 15 pp. Presented as a courtesy to the members of the Academy of Sciences which had been commissioned by the king to investigate animal magnetism. This brief report was intended to give them an account of some of the experiences which the commissioners had during their investigation.

It is considerably shorter than the official report see entry number Paris: Imprimerie Royale, , 66 pp. In the spring of the King of France appointed this commission made up of members of the Academy of Sciences to investigate the claims of animal magnetism. He chose some of the most eminent men of science of his day. The chairman was Benjamin Franklin — , a founding father of the United States of America, ambassador of that country to France, and a person highly knowledgeable in electricity and terrestrial magnetism.

The secretary of the commission and editor of its report was the famous astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly — The commission also included the director of the Academy of Sciences, Jean Baptiste Leroy — , an investigator of electricity of some note. The fifth member of the commission was the physician de Bory, about which nothing is known today. The commission began its investigations on March 12, , and published its report in August of that year. They contended that theory made no difference to their mandate, which was to decide about the existence and utility of animal magnetism.

Their conclusion was that they found no evidence for the existence of an animal magnetic fluid. This secret report by the Franklin commission was not published at the time of the public report. It was presented privately to the King of France and appeared for the first time in print in see entry number A summary of cures through animal magnetism attested to by the magnetizer that performed them or by the patient who had been cured.

The cures were in many cases not described with the detail needed to judge the effectiveness of the treatment. Amsterdam: n. The pronouncement of a group of Bordeaux freemasons concerning their views on mesmerism. They were at first orthodox members of the Bordeaux Lodge of Harmony founded to teach animal magnetism. However, in they broke away for a brief period, but were soon returned to the fold.

Paris: Brunet, , 59 pp. Two plays staged in Paris in Mesmer, par M. Bergasse, along with Kornmann, helped Mesmer found the Society of Harmony of Paris, the first of many which would take on members for a fee to teach them the doctrine and techniques of animal magnetism.

Bergasse delivered lectures to the members of the Paris Society, and these lectures were distilled into the content of the present book. Within a year after the publication of the book, Mesmer and Bergasse publicly ended their association. Paris: Gastellier, , 24 pp. A satirical work written by Bergasse and published anonymously. It is aimed at those physicians who condemned animal magnetism. Paris: n. Composed in a format that reminds one of certain alchemical texts, the work presents text and symbols according to a code that only the initiated could understand.

Attributed to the physician Bombay, the book contains descriptions of the use of physical objects as repositories of magnetism which can be used to treat the ill. In this category are trees, tubs of water, and the baquet as devised by Mesmer. The author tells how to impart magnetic fluid to these objects. The preeminent magnetizer of Lyon at the time of the report of the Franklin Commission, the physician Bonnefoy strongly criticized the report using, among other things, arguments drawn from the electrical science of the day.


Lettres de M. Geneva and Paris: Couturier, , 87 pp. Brussels: n. Written by the physician Bouvier of Versailles, the work defends the reality of animal magnetism and its effectiveness as a cure. Bouvier himself used animal magnetism successfully in his medical practice. Vienna and Paris: Royez, , 32 pp. Brack was a physician who wrote a number of pamphlets against Mesmer and animal magnetism. In this work he provides interesting information about the foundation of magnetic Societies of Harmony in Paris and the provinces.

Madrid and Paris: n. One of a number of pamphlets written by the physician Brack against animal magnetism. The first edition of this work is not known to be extant and reference to a Spanish original seems to be a literary fiction. Brissot, a French revolutionary, social critic and theoretician, believed that animal magnetism could serve as a means of achieving social reform. In this work, among other things, he writes of how animal magnetism could make the rich more human and concerned about the poor. Written by an antiquarian and supporter of Mesmer.

Soissons: n. An important and very rare document in the history of animal magnetism that contains, among other items, a letter written by a M. Dampierre was a theologian, magistrate, and president of the parliament of Bourgogne. A member of the mystical Lyons school of freemasons, he developed a philosophy of animal magnetism that viewed it as an aid to the healing and social evolution taking place according to hidden laws of nature. The second type of crisis is that produced by suggestive individuals, when being magnetized, through imitation and the action of imagination—this being a useless and even harmful type of crisis.

The third type is the crisis produced through fear upon seeing another person in the throes of a violent crisis—this also being a harmful type of crisis. The fourth type of crisis is that produced by the action of animal magnetism in susceptible persons who have a strong desire to remain in the state of crisis—this type being dangerous to the patient.

Since none of these crises leads, with the possible exception of the first, to a fruitful conclusion, Dampierre and his colleagues at Lyons sought an alternate, positive healing crisis. Dampierre believed that the crises most often produced by animal magnetism as practiced by those who used the techniques of Mesmer were of the harmful type described. He considered these crises to be embarrassing and obscene for the patient and narcissistically flattering for the magnetizer.

This Lyons brand of Freemason animal magnetism was as such strongly oriented towards the occult worldview of the magical tradition of the West. Observations sur les deux rapports de MM. A critique of the report of the commissioners charged with examining animal magnetism.

He condemns their prohibition of the practice of animal magnetism and says it is unenforceable. Paris : n. Devillers was a member of the very active lodge of Freemasons of Lyon. When its members took sides on the issue of animal magnetism in , he supported the opposition. He attempts to show that the power of imagination is sufficient explanation. Turin: Jean Michel Briolo, , 80 pp. He held a somewhat unusual attitude toward magnetism: he believed magnetism was an important medical tool and used it himself, but was not sure that it was all that the theory claimed to be.

Remarques sur la conduite du sieur Mesmer et de son commis le P. The purpose of this pamphlet is to destroy the credibility of Hervier and his cure by Mesmer through animal magnetism. Like the first leaflet, this one was tossed to the audience during a performance. Glasgow and Paris: Prault, , 27 pp. Bordeaux: Bergeret, , 69 pp. The letter also contains a number of criticisms of the way animal magnetism was being practiced in Paris. Bailly avec celles de M. Paris and Philadelphia: Pierre J. In the first part of this defence of Mesmer and animal magnetism, Gallert de Montjoie tries to find points of rapprochement between Mesmer and the astronomer Bailly.

He then compares the ideas of Mesmer to those of Descartes and Newton, siding with Newton against Bailly in his view of matter and motion. In the second part, Gallert de Montjoie takes up the report of the Franklin commission, devoting considerable space to the issue of the place of the imagination in the action of animal magnetism. He examines the place of the will in the action of the magnetic fluid, stating that it is principally by the will that the fluid is directed and that it is involved in magnetization at a distance.

A treatise on animal magnetism by a man who experimented with electricity as a medical aid. He accepted the reality of the effects of animal magnetism, but believed that imagination was probably the principal cause. Paris: Bouillon, , 24 pp. A letter in favor of animal magnetism. Morlaix: n. Geneva: n. Gilbert was a highly reputable physician and professor of medicine. Among other things he was known for his opposition to all forms of quackery in medicine, having written extensively on the subject.

In this treatise he attests to the genuineness of the healing effects of animal magnetism, which he had repeatedly witnessed with his own eyes. However, as a strong believer in the healing powers of nature, he is sympathetic with the practice of animal magnetism. London and Paris: Royez, , 36 pp. A second set of comments continuing observations started in the first see entry number London and Paris: Gastellier, , pp.

Hervier expresses his enthusiasm for animal magnetism, the result of the healing that it had accomplished for him personally. This letter provides a detailed description of the illness and treatment. Paris: Veuve Harissart, , 51 pp. He stated his own views in this treatise. He distinguished four different kinds of facts observed by the commissioners concerning animal magnetism: the first were those general positive effects about which it was not possible to come to any conclusions as to cause; the second were those which were negative, showing only the non-action of the alleged magnetic fluid; the third were effects, either positive or negative, which could be attributed to the work of the imagination; and the fourth were those positive effects that could only be explained through the action of some unknown agent.

Jussieu concluded that although the existence of a magnetic fluid had not been proven, there were enough effects of the fourth kind to justify the continued use of animal magnetism and further investigations of the exact nature of those effects. A denunciation of Mesmer and animal magnetism by a man Mesmer failed to cure. La Grezie states his belief that magnetizers simply harm their clients. He also presents his own theory of the possibility of communicating electrical fluid from one person to another.

London and Paris: n. Because of his appreciation for the technique, he wants to make it known to the public. A booklet attributed to the physician Mahon.

He writes in favor of animal magnetism, and states that if his fellow physicians look into the matter seriously, they will find much of value there for their medical practice. Mesmer et quelquefois mieux. Paris and Philadelphia: n. Paris: N. A treatise in which the author mentions animal magnetism in the context of a discussion of medical applications of electricity.

Apologie de M. Mesmer denies such dependency, stating that Thouret builds his case largely on the writings of Maxwell, whom Mesmer had not even read and whose doctrine is in any case very different from that of Mesmer. Letters to the editors of the Journal de Paris and to Benjamin Franklin, head of the commission appointed by the king to investigate animal magnetism.

He asserts that history will be the judge of the worth of his discovery. The text of the agreement is given. An important collection of works written on the subject of animal magnetism by Mesmer and others. An unusual document written by a Christian magnetizer. His mere presence seemed to be enough to heal some people, and the poor were often the beneficiaries of his magnetic power. He mentions use of the technique of fixation of the eyes to produce a convulsion and closure of the eyelids. Lyon: Faucheux, , 27 pp. Orelut begins with a letter to Mesmer telling him that when he Orelut arrived in Lyon he found the city to be in a state of excitement about animal magnetism and the cures being attributed to it.

The author then describes in some detail the nature of the cases treated and the positive effects produced. Dublin: n. A well-written treatise arguing against animal magnetism. This is one of the most important and intelligent of the early critiques of animal magnetism. It includes a famous engraved frontispiece depicting Mesmer drawing magnetic fluid from the heavens and conferring it upon the ill. London and Paris: Couturier, , 34 pp. Paulet sets out to convince Hervier that his cure by Mesmer was not remarkable, because he Hervier had not been truly ill in the first place.

A farcical piece which makes fun of Mesmer and his practices by pretending to give serious instructions about how to use animal magnetism, while really mocking the whole procedure. Geneva and Paris: Couturier, , 15 pp. This satirical piece is attributed to Doctor Philip, dean of the faculty of medicine at Paris at the time when it carried out its investigation of animal magnetism. Paris: Imprimerie royale, , 39 pp. This report was compiled by a commission of the Royal Society of Medicine set up by the king to investigate the claims of animal magnetism.

This commission was constituted at approximately the same time as a second commission The Franklin Commission , also appointed by the king, made up of nine eminent scientists from the Academy of Sciences. The commission of the Royal Society of Medicine began its investigations on April 5, The findings of this commission condemned animal magnetism.

Hampered by a lack of scientific method and a surfeit of theoretical dogmatism, however, its report proved to be far less significant than that of the Franklin commission. A work of great significance for the history of modern psychology. A member of an old and distinguished family, he had inherited a large property in Buzancy near Soissons and spent most of his time there looking after his land and occasionally carrying out experiments with electricity.

An Annotated Bibliography

Having heard about animal magnetism and its marvelous curative powers, he went to Paris to learn from Mesmer. Returning to his estate at Buzancy, he began to use animal magnetism to alleviate the ills of local residents. Among the first he treated was a peasant named Victor Race who was suffering from a fever and congestion of the lungs. When returning to his normal state of consciousness, Victor remembered nothing of what had happened. He noted that they all showed the same characteristics as the ones that Victor had demonstrated. The alteration in consciousness between the state of magnetic sleep and the normal waking state, with its attendant amnesia, revealed, within human beings, a double or divided consciousness with two memory chains.

Bayonne and Paris: Prault, , 72 pp. He had learned the techniques of animal magnetism and found occasion to use them at this posting. Here he mentions some sixty cures accomplished through animal magnetism. One of the most curious was that of a dog which had been injured by an angry soldier. The dog was restored to good health in the space of a few minutes. This seems to be the first example in the literature of animal magnetism of the application of magnetic healing to an animal. London and Paris: Berlin, , pp. He had been cured by a mesmerist when traditional medicine had failed to help him.

Padua: n. Van Swinden was an eminent physicist and first president of the Royal Institute of the Netherlands. The dating of this work is uncertain, but it is believed to be — Thouret was a member of the Royal Society of Medicine in Paris and one of the leading spokesmen of the opposition of that society to animal magnetism and the teachings of Mesmer. In this work Thouret claims that his main concern is not to examine the details of cures being performed by animal magnetism, but to trace the history of the theory and practice of animal magnetism.

He nevertheless clearly sides with those who reject animal magnetism as an illusion. Admitting that many persons of stature accept animal magnetism as an effective cure, Thouret uses his considerable erudition to show that such cures are not new and that Mesmer was simply the most recent of a long tradition of thinkers who posited a hidden power of nature that produces healing effects. He cites Paracelsus, Kircher, Maxwell, and Fludd as examples of men who held views similar to those of Mesmer.

He points out that he has been charged by the king to investigate the mineral and medicinal waters of the realm. The work describes successful treatment of various illnesses by animal magnetism. In Two Parts.

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In this, the least memorable of his works on animal magnetism, Bell presents a confused physics of magnetism, animal magnetism, magnetic fluid, etc. A satirical confession of wrongs by a fictitious member of the commission that condemned animal magnetism. Attributed to Bergasse. Observations de M. Here Bergasse announces the split that had opened between Mesmer and himself. It is valuable for the information it provides about contemporary events concerning the fortunes of animal magnetism. The constitution for the Societies of Harmony which were to be set up all over France.

Examen du Compte rendu par M. Lyon: n. Testament politique de M. Leipzig and Paris: n. A pamphlet against Mesmer. The reference to a German original seems to be a literary fiction. De Bruno developed a theory of magnetic fluid that was similar to that of Mesmer whom he cites. He posits one universal magnetic fluid, rather than many, which explains all physical phenomena. London and Paris: E. Oufroy, , 98 pp. Carra was a prolific writer in many fields, including that of physics. Carra gives his own somewhat convoluted physical and philosophical explanations about why this is so.

Aphorismes de M. Ouvrage mis au jour par M. Paris: M. The Aphorismes was a very popular book and went through many editions. A wide ranging study of phenomena that are analogous to animal magnetism. The author covers everything from electricity and magnetism in the human body to the curative effects of music. His speculations on the nature of sympathetic cures are particularly interesting.

An attempt to trace the historical antecedents of animal magnetism. Delandine works along the same lines as those pursued in his De la philosophie corpusculaire entry number A work opposing the brand of animal magnetism being practiced in Lyon by a number of practitioners associated with Freemasonry, particularly those under the leadership of the Chevalier de Barberin. Grenoble: n. Bordeaux: n. Correspondance de M. Libourne and Paris: n. He sees magnetic somnambulism as a state midway between waking and sleep, a state essentially the same as natural somnambulism, which had been widely recognized as a reality.

Fournel points out that the seemingly extraordinary phenomena associated with magnetic somnambulism, such as suggestibility and clairvoyance, have been noted for centuries in connection with natural somnambulism. Speaking of the sudden rise to popularity of magnetic somnambulism, he estimates the number of somnambulists in Paris and the provinces to be in the neighborhood of six thousand.

Fournel makes a strong case for accepting magnetic somnambulism as a genuine phenomenon which deserves further study.

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Charles Louis Varnier. A satirical treatise written in opposition to animal magnetism. The author uses the popular interest in animal magnetism to advertize the use of medicinal baths and other approaches such as exercise and music to treat illnesses. However, there is very little about animal magnetism in the pamphlet. Its mention in the title was obviously just to arouse the curiosity of the reader. Mesmer counters that it was explicitly stated in their agreement with him that the doctrine of animal magnetism remains his property and that only he can determine how it is to be propagated.

Apparently the earliest Italian book on animal magnetism, and there are no references to it in any of the bibliographical sources for animal magnetism. He begins with something of an apology for writing a book on the subject of animal magnetism, a subject which is of questionable merit.

He points out that some French commissions had already dismissed it as a matter of imagination. But since there are people in Italy, at Piedmont, who are nonetheless practicing it, something needs to be written in response. Mullatera examines the background of magnetic medicine in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe, pointing out the similarity between the teachings of Mesmer and those of Paracelsus, Van Helmont and Fludd.

For his contemporary sources he uses principally the reports of the commissions including that of Jussieu and the propositions of Mesmer.


He finds animal magnetism to be of no particular value as a method of cure and places it in the category of useless, fantastic medical treatments. Paris and London: n. The first treatise to attempt to present a comprehensive theory of magnetic somnambulism. It was published in shortly after the essay of Fournel see entry number , which Tardy de Montravel knew and appreciated.

Louis J. Nos recherches nous ont appris peu de choses sur ce Louis J. Statue de saint Joachim.

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La statue fut repeinte en ou dans les ateliers de Louis J. Saint Joachim. Jobin en ou Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle. Les La Salle sont nobles et riches. Statue de saint Paul. Notice biographique Portrait de Monseigneur Bernard Hubert. Monseigneur Bernard Hubert. Gabriel Contant, artiste peintre. Il fait plusieurs voyages pour fins de recherche, soit au Japon en , en Provence en et en Italie en En tant que peintre, il remporte de nombreux prix. Il est boursier du Conseil des Arts du Canada en et On remarque un certain flottement autour de la graphie des noms : Ysambart ou Isambart, Demeules ou Demeulle.

Religieuse contemplative, sa courte vie est sans histoires. La marbrure du bois fut refaite en ou par un artisan des ateliers de Louis J. Raymond Beullac, statuaire, manufacturier et importateur. Elles furent repeintes dans les ateliers de Louis J. Statue de la bienheureuse Eulalie Durocher. La bienheureuse Eulalie Durocher. Yvette Fillion, sculpteure. Elle y remporte de nombreux premiers prix, dont deux fois le prix du Ministre, en et Thomas Carli. La maison Petrucci et Carli ferme ses portes en Les fonts baptismaux. Jobin, en ou Le chandelier pascal.

Elle fut repeinte en ou dans les ateliers de Louis J. Statue de saint Jean-Baptiste. Saint Jean-Baptiste. Saint Antoine porte le costume des Franciscains. Statue de saint Louis de Gonzague. Saint Louis de Gonzague. Au centre, un enfant et son ange gardien. Les anges. Les orgues. John R. Des gens sont malades sans le savoir. Il est urgent que cela change. PaR sophie gachet. Les actifs? Existe en huit teintes. L , un haut-fond en mer du Nord. Une interlocutrice redoutable pour Trump. Une statuette pour Stefani Germanotta alias lady Gaga en ?

Sky is the limit. Le souvenir des hauts immeubles qui cloisonnaient le bleu du ciel semble loin. Fukushima, en Dans son restaurant, Yoko se souvient des. Aux marges. Dans sa petite enfance, Fuyu a subi des attouchements sexuels. CorinnE MasiEro. Cela donne des spectacles qui sonnent juste et qui touchent. Je crois que le film leur a fait du bien. Les autres. Que je pouvais faire des choses, avec ma voix, mon corps. Je devais jouer Gunda. Personne ne le comprend! Quatre jours plus tard, je retombe sur lui dans une autre manif.

Pour rien au monde, je ne ferais un gosse. Et moi, je ne suis pas un cadeau. Treillis militaire et voix de stentor sous laquelle perce la. Dans le moins longtemps. Certains cours sont non mixtes. Une philosophie de la vioTosca, 13 ans. Entre janvier et sep- D. Ces deux discours ont-ils un point commun? Cela juifs? Pas dans ma vie de tous les jours. On ne les hait pas pour une seule raison, a eu le Bataclan.

Je encore plus grande. Trop bourgeois, mais trop rebelles. Je ne pensais pas vivre cela. Vous la suivez? Des paparazzis? Bizarrement, je les trouve souvent meilleurs que moi. Et pareil pour la musique. Vous ne faites donc aucun compromis? Quelle pression? Vous avez des complexes? Je me balade avec un masque sur le visage. Les deux.

Comme les hommes parlent de moi, de mon corps, ils ont des propos sexistes, misogynes. On parle aussi souvent de votre physique… A. Le physique ne devrait pas prendre le dessus. Et puis, maintenant, je les insulte, les mecs. Mais je faisais partie des gens un peu en retard. En concert dans toute la France. Si le temps ne le permet pas, exercez-vous sur un tapis ou bien dansez chez vous.

Barbara Sturm, sur net-a-porter. Ce blues hivernal peut provoquer un sentiment de grande fatigue et de tristesse. On conseille de le laisser hors de la chambre ou de le mettre en mode avion.