Ninth in a series of annual reports comparing businessregulations in economies, Doing Business The Little Green Data Book is a pocket-sized ready reference on key environmental data for over countries. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. The Little Green Data Book is a pocket-sized ready reference on key environmental data for over South Asia has created nearly , jobs per month during the last decade.
Going forward, South Asia faces the enormous challenge Robust economic growth The Government of Sudan has made great efforts in increasing access to education for children in northern Sudan across education sub-sectors over the past decade. In particular, educational access for children in areas previously affected by conflict has improved substantially since the signing of the peace agreements of and The Government of Sudan has made great efforts in increasing access to education for children in Managing the ability of agriculture to meet rising global demand and to respond to the changes and opportunities will require good policy, sustained investments, and innovation - not business as usual.
Investments in public Research and Development, extension, education, and their links with one another have elicited high returns and pro-poor Managing the ability of agriculture to meet rising global demand and to respond to the changes and This Education brief is intended for non-Russian researchers willing to get familiar with Russian education system and more generally for all those involved in education and education policy.
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It does not represent exhaustive information on Russian education system and all problems and challenges existing there, but provide a snapshot briefly This Education brief is intended for non-Russian researchers willing to get familiar with Russian Looking for accurate, up-to-date data on development issues? This indispensable statistical reference allows you to consult over indicators for more than economies and 14 country groups in more than 90 tables. It provides a It provides data on financial inclusion by key Health insurance can offer protection against catastrophic medical expenses and improve access to health care.
The term country used interchangeably with economy does not imply political independence or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which the authorities report separate social or economic statistics. The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. For more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing well-being by —please see the other books in the World Development Indicators family of products at data.
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Lucia, St. Water and sanitation Internal freshwater resources per capita cu. Environment and health Particulate matter urban-pop. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation Oceans Total fisheries production thousand metric tons Capture fisheries growth avg. Sub-Saharan Africa Population millions Each economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income, or high income.
Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final stage of development.
Classification by income does not necessarily reflect development status. Middle income Population millions 5, Lower middle income Population millions 2, Upper middle income Population millions 2, Low and middle income Population millions 5, High income Population millions 1, France Data for Mayotte, to which a reference appeared in previous editions, are included in data for France. Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia Data for each country are shown separately where available. However, some indicators for Serbia prior to include data for Montenegro; these data are noted in the tables.
Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia from onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on June 29, , and its data are shown where available. Data are shown separately for South Sudan where available.
However, data reported for Sudan include South Sudan unless otherwise noted. For more information, see World Development Indicators or data. The Little Green Data Book. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation..
Cereal yield kg per hectare. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 1. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 9. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 5. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 8. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 6. Water and sanitation 10,, Internal freshwater resources per capita cu.
National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation —5.
- Sectoral output, energy use, and CO2 emission in middle-income countries.
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National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation —7. Russian Federation Population millions National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation —4. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation —0. National accounting aggregates—savings, depletion and degradation 3.
Notes a. Refers to area free from ice.
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Excludes South Sudan. Excludes South Sudan after July 9, Glossary Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate access to excreta disposal facilities private or shared, but not public that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.
World Health Organization; data are for Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe; tube-well or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks.
Reasonable access to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. World Health Organization; data are for Acute respiratory infection prevalence is the percentage of children under age five with acute respiratory infection in the two weeks prior to the survey. World Bank; data are for Adjusted net savings equal gross savings minus consumption of fixed capital, plus education expenditures, minus energy depletion, mineral depletion, net forest depletion, and particulate emissions and carbon dioxide damage.
World Bank; data are for Agricultural irrigated land refers to agricultural areas purposely provided with water, including land irrigated by controlled flooding.
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Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for Agricultural land is arable land, land under permanent crops, and permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as land under temporary crops doublecropped areas are counted once , temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow.
Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded. Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops.
Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for Agricultural productivity is the ratio of agricultural value added, measured in U.
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Glossary productivity is measured by value added per unit of input. Agricultural value added includes that from forestry and fishing. Thus interpretations of land productivity should be made with caution. Food and Agriculture Organization and World Bank; data are for Aquaculture growth is the exponential change in aquaculture fisheries production for the period indicated.
Aquaculture is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans, and aquatic plants.
Aquaculture production specifically refers to output from aquaculture activities, which are designated for final harvest for consumption. Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for — Capture fisheries growth is the exponential change in capture fisheries production for the period indicated. Capture fisheries production contains the volume of fish catches landed by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational, and subsistence purposes.
World Bank estimates; data are for Carbon dioxide CO2 emissions per capita are carbon dioxide emissions divided by midyear population. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Bank, and United Nations; data are for Cereal yield, measured as kilograms per hectare of harvested land, includes wheat, rice, maize, barley, oats, rye, millet, sorghum, buckwheat, and mixed grains. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only.
Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The FAO allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year. Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for Consumption of fixed capital is the replacement value of capital used up in the process of production. See The World Atlas of Coral Reefs , UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest area to other uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development.
Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuel-wood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers. Glossary indicate an increase in forest areas. United Nations; data are extrapolated to from the most recent year available Electric power consumption per capita is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants, minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports minus exports divided by midyear population.
International Energy Agency; data are for Electricity generated by hydropower is use of hydropower as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. International Energy Agency; data are for Electricity generated using fossil fuel is use of coal, oil, and gas as a percentage of total inputs to the generation of electricity. International Energy Agency; data are for Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime capped at 25 years.
It covers crude oil, natural gas, and coal. See World Bank for details; data are for Energy from biomass products and waste is energy from solid biomass, liquid biomass, biogas, industrial waste, and municipal waste as a percentage of total energy use. International Energy Agency; data are for Energy use per capita refers to apparent consumption, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport. International Energy Agency; data are for Fisheries production, total, contains the volume of aquatic species caught by a country for all commercial, industrial, recreational, and subsistence purposes.
The harvest from mariculture, aquaculture, and other types of fish farming is also included.
Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive or not. Food and Agriculture Organization; data are for Freshwater withdrawal, agriculture, is withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production as a percentage of total freshwater withdrawal. World Resources Institute; data are for various years; for details see World Development Indicators , Primary data documentation. Glossary Freshwater withdrawal, total, is total water withdrawal, excluding evaporation losses from storage basins and including water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source.