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As nations attempt to reduce alcohol related harm, a spotlight on the excessive consumption patterns among university students showcases the need for interventions to achieve national goals. Competing interests. MPD — Formed research question, drafted manuscript, devised and conducted search strategy. JD — Provided guidance and feedback on research question, search strategy and manuscript. FS — Provided guidance and feedback on research question, search strategy and manuscript.
IJP — Supervised project, provided guidance on research question, outlined detailed feedback on drafts.
All authors have read and approved the final manuscript. Martin P. Jakob Demant, Email: kd. Frances Shiely, Email: ei. Ivan J. Perry, Email: ei. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. BMC Public Health. Published online Feb Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Received Aug 26; Accepted Feb 8.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Alcohol is a leading cause of global suffering. Results Two thousand one hundred twenty eight articles were retrieved from electronic database searching. Conclusion This is the first review to investigate consumption patterns of university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom.
Keywords: Alcohol, Prevalence, Review, Students. Background Alcohol consumption is of considerable public health concern and a leading cause of global suffering [ 1 ]. Open in a separate window. Screening tools Data extraction highlighted a number of screening tools available to university students. Data items and quality assessment Data extraction forms were utilised in the current research. Study Random sample? Unbiased sampling frame Sample size?
Unbiased assessors? Response rate? Confidence intervals? Subject description? Table 2 Summary of research studies investigating drinking patterns of Irish and UK undergraduate students. Students informed others of the questionnaire i. Gardner et al, [ 35 ] - The questionnaire was posted online and sent to students for completion. Students were advised to forward the e-mail to other students. Mean — In addition, posters inviting students to participate were also displayed on campus. Sebena et al, [ 31 ] Students received the questionnaire to complete during class time. Students registered to science based or arts based programmes.
The five most popular subject areas were targeted. Following this, questionnaires were posted on the students online learning system, BlackBoard. Questionnaires were distributed across all years of study. Dodd et al, [ 33 ] - Convenience sampling was utilised with the selection recruited where time for data collection was given. Data was collected at selected modules at the end of teaching sessions. Undergraduate students All academic years included students: male and female Underwood et al, [ 47 ] 2 nd , 3 rd and 4 th year students completed the questionnaire before scheduled lectures. Absentees from class, 1 st and 5 th year students were contacted via internal mail.
In , 1. The method was designed to capture a representative sample of the UCC student population. Undergraduate and postgraduate students All years included. Gill et al, [ 36 ] - Second year students were at informed about the study at the beginning of class and were asked to complete the questionnaire a week later in an adjacent classroom. Undergraduate students Second year undergraduate students registered to one university 95 Theory of planned behaviour and binge drinking questions were included.
Dental and Law undergraduate students Each year All dental students were selected. Questionnaires were distributed to as many halls as could be accessed and collected two days later. Watson et al, [ 43 ] - Questionnaires were distributed at the end of lectures. Newbury-Birch et al, [ 46 ] and Second year students followed up in final year. Questionnaires were distributed in class or group meetings for completion.
Attendance was monitored and absent students received the questionnaire in the post.
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As final years it was reported by 7. Units The remaining 17 studies gave information on the number of units consumed by students. Discussion The breadth of literature published on university student consumption highlights alcohol as the leading cause of concern among this sub-section of society [ 50 , 51 ]. Strengths and weaknesses The current review gives a broad overview of alcohol consumption patterns among university students since Conclusion Hazardous alcohol consumption continues to be the most prevalent public health issue encountered by university students.
Footnotes Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Contributor Information Martin P. References 1. World Health Organization. Global health risks: mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: World Health Organization; Oxford: Oxford University Press; Brussels: European Commission; Leifman H. Contemp Drug Probs. Dublin: Department of Health and Children; Global status report on alcohol and health Switzerland: World Health Organization; Anderson P.
Binge drinking and Europe. London: Institute of Alcohol Studies; Characteristics of binge drinkers in Europe. Soc Sci Med. Dietary habits of the Irish population. Individual-level interventions to reduce college student drinking: A meta-analytic review. Addict Behav. Murphy F, Murphy M.
McCabe SE. Gender differences in collegiate risk factors for heavy episodic drinking. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. J Stud Alcohol Suppl. Youth drinking cultures.
European experiences, vol. United Kingdom: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. Hazardous alcohol consumption among university students in Ireland: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research. World Health Organisation.
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Department of Health. Dublin: Department of Health; Binge drinking and associated health risk behaviors among high school students. Critical appraisal of the health research literature: prevalence or incidence of a health problem. Chronic Dis Can. The association between time perspective and alcohol consumption in university students: cross-sectional study.
Eur J Public Health. A preliminary study of the attitudes, triggers and consequences of hazardous drinking in university students. Health Educ J. Gender differences in alcohol-related non-consensual sex; cross-sectional analysis of a student population. Alcohol use disorders and hazardous drinking among undergraduates at English universities. Alcohol Alcohol. Alcohol industry sponsorship and hazardous drinking in UK university students who play sport.
The relationship between membership of a university sports group and drinking behaviour among students at English Universities. Addict Res Theory. Int J Drug Policy. Trends in medical student use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs in an Irish university, — Drug Alcohol Depend. Socio-demographic correlates of six indicators of alcohol consumption: survey findings of students across seven universities in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Archives Public Health. Do importance of religious faith and healthy lifestyle modify the relationships between depressive symptoms and four indicators of alcohol consumption? A survey of students across seven universities in England, wales, and northern Ireland. Subst Use Misuse. Health promoting behaviours and lifestyle characteristics of students at seven universities in the UK. Cent Eur J Public Health. Are perceived stress, depressive symptoms and religiosity associated with alcohol consumption?