Cash purchase credit and Loan credit available on select models and varies by model and trim. Cash purchase price includes cash credit, delivery and destination fees and other government taxes. Other taxes, registration, insurance and licensing fees are excluded. Available at participating dealers. Dealers may sell for less. Dealers are free to set individual prices. Prices are subject to change without notice. Certain restrictions may apply. Offers may change, may be extended without notice, and are for examples only.
All offers are subject to availability. After this period, interest starts to accrue and the purchaser will repay the principal interest monthly over the term of the contract. Visit your dealer for more details, offer ends July 2nd, Vehicles may not be exactly as illustrated. See dealer for details. Offers valid until June 30, Released last week, the report notes that the top three council members with the highest expenses of are Coun.
Hayne defended his expenses, saying that his contained a lot of national and international travel for important conferences related to his work for the committees of finance, technology and innovation, and environmental sustainability, among others. The SOFI report also lists the expenses of city staff. The highest came from Donna Jones, manager of economic development, at 14, Jones could not be reached for comment.
High-Quality Homes. Inspired Interiors. Affordable Price Points — Act Now! Bee-friendly garden buzzes to life at Delta Cable Earthwise Society director Patricia Fleming was there with a team to help install the garden. A detailed list of such plants can be found on www. More than 20 workers were outside the company building at Ladner Trunk Rd.
A bee-friendly garden is one that contains plants that attract pollinators such as honey bees, bumble bees, mason bees and hummingbirds. At Delta Cable, raised planters run along the company building next to the parking lot. With new activation on any 3-yr talk, text and internet plan having min. A Coroners Court jury is recommending that dashboard cameras be installed in all RCMP patrol cars following an inquest this week into the case of Adam Purdie. Presiding Coroner Tara Devine determined his death to be a homicide. The jury heard in Burnaby this week that Purdie was shot 17 times, with one of his wounds being self-inflicted.
- Autobiographies of Others: Historical Subjects and Literary Fiction (Routledge Studies in Twentieth-Century Literature)!
- 4th Quarter 2013 Young Explorers.
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- Il lungo addio (Universale economica) (Italian Edition);
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Besides recommending that all RCMP patrol vehicles be equipped with a dash camera, providing audio and video, the jury also recommended Wednesday that. The jury also recommended that when making routine traffic stops Mounties should first run the licence plate number of the vehicle they plan on checking out, for priors, before exiting their own car to investigate. Coroners Service will also be holding a public inquest from July 15 to July 19 into the March 23, police shooting death of Brendon Samuel Beddow, 23, in Surrey.
In that case, Coroner Margaret Jansen and a jury will hear evidence from subpoenaed witnesses at Coroners Court in Metrotown. The purpose of these hearings is not to make findings of fault but rather to recommend solutions that aim to prevent more deaths under similar circumstances. Use this coupon online or in-store for use towards any regular priced footwear on your next visit, and a free biomechanical assessment by our Fitting Experts. The B. The BCTF has resisted the notion of a year deal, saying a decade was too long to be without the ability to negotiate.
What Patients Say Thanks to you for developing a treatment plan I am now free of any symptoms and have never felt better! Come quick for the best selection! Contest closes July 7, Nope, all these pale in comparison with a nominal tip of the federal hat to Mr. And not to be outdone, today is June 27, which.
South of the border, the list of issues, causes and eccentric whims deemed worthy of a month of national celebration have turned June into adopt-ashelter-cat month, cancer in the sun month, pest control month, papaya month,. All things considered, Mr. Or even Goat Trauma Awareness Month!
Actually, that last one is real. June is officially dedicated to the dozens of young tykes each year who have their childhood scarred. Or maybe we can do something radical. If Mr. Sandhu is right in his assertion that Punjabi heritage has been neglected for far too long by the 35 million citizens of this country, there must be other groups that feel the same way. Almost all of them have members living in Canada and, like Mr. Ah, but we have a problem. We have several hundred groups worthy of the honour, but only 12 months in a year.
What to do, what to do. Why dedicate specific days or months to the recognition of our ethnic differences when we can celebrate what we have achieved together? We can even make it a national holiday and give everybody the day off to celebrate. What do you think Jasbir — will the people of North Surrey get behind it? Michael Booth can be reached at mbooth thenownewspaper. We collect, use and disclose your personal information in accordance with our Privacy Statement which is available at thenownewspaper. You can reach us by phone at , by email at edit thenownewspaper.
V3W 4N2. Second Class Mail Registration Delivered free every Tuesday and Thursday to , homes and businesses. Distribution: Circulation: delivery thenownewspaper. Punjabi month? You must be kidding. You are a zero! However, kilometres of roses to all the participants and supporters of the Enbridge Ride to Conquer Cancer. You are our heroes! An office full of roses to the office volunteers at the Surrey unit of the Canadian Cancer Society for not only the many hours of volunteering but most recently putting on an exceptional volunteer appreciation tea for all the volunteers in the Surrey area.
Two extra special bouquets to May and Phyliss for all their many years of dedication and work. A tree full of roses to the group of people who removed the tree that had fallen across the road on 20th Avenue beside the Dogwood Dog Park on Friday afternoon. To the woman directing traffic, the fellow with the chainsaw and the rest of the Good Samaritans who removed the bits and pieces from the road, all done within a half-hour. He then went to lotto centre and must have dropped it then. Thank you so much. Roses to Ken with the City of Surrey for his quick response and for fixing the broken door and window after a break-in at a charity that helps underprivileged children to have a free bike and sport supplies.
Roses also to Jim, Rhea and Ian, who spend countless unpaid hours working to help these children by repairing donated bikes and reconditioning bikes and sports equipment to those who might otherwise never have a bike or running shoes. Bushels of rotten tomatoes to the thieves who broke in to a non-profit charity that has no money on the premises, just second-hand equipment to benefit children. That could be your own someday. All you had to do was knock on the door and ask for help.
A volunteer worked hours to repair and clean those bikes you stole that were already for waiting children. Why spoil our city for sake of 25 jobs? I am really disappointed that you decided to not support the recent Metro Vancouver motion against the proposed coal transfer station at Fraser Surrey Docks. At present, it is a delightful area with Royal Heights Elementary school and many young families. My wife and I have enjoyed living here for many years. It is a great neighbourhood. FSD was given the assignment of notifying all who would be affected by this development.
They claim to have sent. Rotten tomatoes to the politician who is sucking up so bad to his ethnic community by urging Canada to designate April as Punjabi month. Enough is enough. There are more than enough events to honour South Asian culture. A train full of red roses and thanks to all the volunteers, Surrey municipality, private donors, businesses and believers who have made it possible for the B. Electric Railway, car to run again from Cloverdale and Sullivan.
I am a year-old Punjabi girl and this makes me laugh! I understand that we celebrate Vaisakhi and Diwali but Canada is a multicultural country — we cannot take advantage of that. What about the First Nations? They are the ones who were here before all of us. Come on Mr. Sandhu, you have to be kidding right? I have spoken to many neighbours and attended a number of meetings. I have yet to meet anyone who received such a notice. In any case, surely this is a conflict of interest as an independent, unbiased body should have been given the assignment.
What adds to my concern about this whole business is the fact that if weather conditions are too unfavourable, the barges will not sail but the trains will still keep arriving. So without any doubt, sooner probably rather than later, there will be a huge pile of exposed coal sitting on the dock below with the winds on the river depositing the dust all over the area.
Surely the fact that the three proposed coal docks in Washington and Oregon have been cancelled should tell us something. So my question is, why spoil our neighbourhood for the sake of 25 jobs, to say nothing of the pollution, coal dust and diesel fumes as the BNSF trains cross the border and make life miserable for people until they reach FSD, especially in White Rock and Crescent Beach.
Surely we are not this desperate for whatever revenue the coal would generate. It seems to me the coal mine owners and railroad are the big-time winners here. In any case, Surrey cannot be hardpressed financially with 1, people moving here every month we are told, and all the tax revenue thus being generated.
Still wondering why you voted as you did. Anti-bullying activist Joanne Greenwood has partnered with photographer Susan Goble to launch a campaign that focuses on positive expressions of self-identity. The idea is to take a negative word, perhaps a name the photographic subject has been called in the past, and turn it into something more positive, although participants are free to write whatever they like. The photos are then posted online. For Be Bold, one particular example that struck Greenwood was a woman with cerebral palsy, who created an anagram — using the words rebel, empathetic, tough,.
Photos collected as part of the Be Bold campaign are posted in an online gallery at bebold. So far, the campaign seems to be generating interest from abroad. Greenwood, a former Surrey resident who now lives in Burnaby, has become an anti-bullying activist in recent years. As a student at F. Sinclair elementary in Newton, she often feared for her safety. Joanne Greenwood, a former Surrey resident who was often bullied as a child at a Newton elementary school, has launched a Be Bold campaign as part of her anti-bullying efforts, with photographer Susan Goble.
The hotel donated the space and the food, Greenwood added. Greenwood and Goble are planning to hold more photo shoots, and they are hoping for invites to rallies and anti-bullying events. For more information on the campaign, visit bebold. The 14th annual Surrey Pride Festival will run from noon to 5 p. Close to 2, people took in the festivities last year, according to Jen Marchbank, president of Surrey Pride Society.
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Pride for All. For more details, visit www. Pre-festival events staged by the society include a Stonewall-themed youth dance on Saturday, June Then it was a year of painting and drawing by the illustrator. There was nothing I had to add to fill out a book and there was nothing I had to take out. One of the great things to have come out of I Want to Go to the Moon is the stories Saunders hears from parents who now have a nighttime routine with their kids to go out and look at the moon and then come inside and read the story together.
I was driving home from dinner with my parents. Lucky for us, I was well prepared. Young Drivers of Canada, you saved our lives! Courses are filling up quickly! Enroll online at www. Email us at vancouver yd. Other drivers make mistakes. Knowing how to drive safely means having the skills to react to the unexpected. We teach these life-saving skills everyday.
Trust Young Drivers of Canada to prepare you for the road ahead. For teachers and students, it is a big break time. Go on a trip. Mow the lawn. Problem is, after a few days of freedom from school, boredom sets in. Summer camps are the solution. This summer, there are two youth camps for aspiring actors being offered — one at Langley Playhouse and another at Surrey Little Theatre. Bard in the Valley, the Langley Players and the City of Langley are partnering together to create an acting camp running from July 23 to July 27, from 10 a.
The camp will be held at Langley Playhouse and is geared for ages 10 to A maximum of 12 young people will be introduced to improv theatre techniques and games, scriptwriting, costuming, makeup, set design, set construction and set decorating, and a mini show will be presented on the final day. This camp is led by the very talented and accomplished Loryn LeGear. Home Fires, by the way, received many.
The CTC annually recognizes outstanding achievement in community theatre for its member clubs. So, yes, Loryn has the credentials to lead this summer camp.
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Surrey Little Theatre is also running a summer youth camp for young actors. Back by popular demand, this camp gives youth the opportunity to express their creativity through all aspects of theatre. SLT summer camp runs Aug. This weeklong program gives hands-on practise in drama, lighting, sound, makeup and stage management, through rotational classes. On the final day, a performance will be held that night so each participant can experience the excitement of stepping on the stage and backstage of an actual production.
This is the real challenge, I can tell you.
I witnessed the final performance last year and it is totally amazing what can be accomplished in one week — one week of intense insanity, that is. LeGear is involved with this camp as well, and she says space is very limited. Act now — that is, get your plan in action. Detailed information and registration forms can be found on the Surrey Little Theatre website, at www. I wish there were summer camps like this when I was young.
No sleeping in tents, no mosquitoes, no need for a leaky air mattress, just immerse yourself in theatre craft, have sand-free sandwiches for lunch and all the other modern conveniences available. Info: Monday, July 22 at mainstage theatre, showcasing. Info and tickets: bluefrogstudios. Millennium Amphitheatre.
All proceeds to The Shaun G Foundation, info at twinscancerfundraising. Tickets and info: , www. Central City Brewing Co. Wheelhouse Pub: Nightclublike bar weekends at 96th Ave. Sandpiper Pub: Live music on select nights at Marine Dr. West Beach , White Rock. Washington Avenue Grill: Live music Wed. Mirage: Dance club at A Ave. Festival runs from to 9 p. Info: www.
Surrey Fusion Festival: Annual event July at Holland Park features live music, food and cultural exhibits, free admission. Info: surrey. Lose up to 1 inch in 30 minutes! With this coupon. First time only. Fifty new works are showcased in the 28th annual event, which opens Friday evening June 28 at the gallery, located at Bear Creek Park. Both exhibits are on view until Aug. Call for details, or visit surrey. No cheques. No price adjustments to prior purchases. No Rainchecks.
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No returns, exchanges or price adjustments on Major Home items. Selection may vary. While quantities last. Some discount exclusions may apply. July 4. Joining in the fun, at King George Blvd. The nightly gigs get going at p. New this year is the WestJet Fan Zone, where a limited number of reserved. Tired of smelling your air conditioning system? Have your vents cleaned and your system checked. Speedwagon Aug. More details are at www. Other performers in the series include The Jacksons Aug. April 24 while getting into his Mercedes.
Police believe the shooting is connected to ongoing gang activity. Widdifield said his son would not want anyone to take revenge for his death. Musician Jim Widdifield holds a portrait of son Craig, who was killed outside Morgan Crossing shopping centre on April File photo. You u pay your bills online.
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For details, visit www. Bird is the word at Surrey Museum this summer. Opened Tuesday, the exhibit showcases more than 40 specimens of Canadian birds of prey, including vultures, hawks, eagles, falcons and owls. Some tickets remain for the kid-friendly production of Munsch Ado About Nothing, performed at 11 a. Rehearsals are in full swing for the pair of Shakespearean productions. Sign-ups are on the website. Check out the complete calendar of events online.
Cannot eat youryou favourite foods? Cannot eat your favourite foods? Do they make your mouth sore? Do they Are they make loose? Are they loose? Directed by Dale Kelly. Tickets and info: , whiterockplayers. We also provide ongoing grief counselling and support groups for children, teens and adults. Our dedicated staff and volunteers provide support at Laurel Place Hospice, Surrey Memorial Hospital and in the community.
Please donate to Surrey Hospice Society, for more information call or go to www. Free admission. Contact Rita Hopmans or Sandi Walton Info: email flipncomedy gmail. Sunday, June 30 at Coast Capital Playhouse. Finance and lease offers are available on approved credit through Nissan Canada Finance for a limited time, may change without notice and cannot be combined with any other offers except stackable trading dollars. Retailers are free to set individual prices.
Offers valid between June 1st, and July 2nd, This offer cannot be combined with any other offer. Conditions apply. More info, contact event host Street Dreamz Boardshop, th St. North Delta community celebration 6 p. See your Nissan retailer for details. Representative finance example based on Selling Price. Stk Loaded, Northstar V8, heated leather seats, top line Bose sound and more.
This ex GM co. Save thousands! Local vehicle, no accidents. Comes loaded including leather interior, power roof, alloy wheels and low kilometers. Gallery is located at Bear Creek. Sears Card at Sears. At Marine Dr. At 56A Ave. Submissions welcome age range , all performing acts, visual arts and films are accepted. Info: , www. Info: whiterockfarmersmarket. To get involved as a vendor or entertainer, call FARM or visit www.
Dates for summer are June 30, July 7, July 21, Aug. For info, search Facebook or call Anne Janzen, market manager, Releasing Great Grace and Great Power. Michael Epping. Believing in the Cross. Rebecca Sikes. A Journey into the Family. Ivery White. Alvin VanderGriend. Reaching the Lost. Devotional Discipleship. Dale E. Discovering True Worship.
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Adult Christian Life. Pastor's Aid Guide. Master Teacher. Seekers for Jesus. Adventurers with Jesus. Baptist Leader. Teen Scene. Young Learners. Youth Teacher. Growing with Jesus. How to write a great review. The review must be at least 50 characters long. The title should be at least 4 characters long. Your display name should be at least 2 characters long. At Kobo, we try to ensure that published reviews do not contain rude or profane language, spoilers, or any of our reviewer's personal information.
You submitted the following rating and review. We'll publish them on our site once we've reviewed them. For example, documentation of spe- Syrian cultural heritage. Many colleagues have cific buildings has been produced as part of long carried out research in Syria, and have docu- numerous past research projects. The docu- mentation, knowledge, and expertise about how mentation of the rehabilitation project of the Old to restore and conserve monuments.
Accordingly, city of Aleppo is one eyample. We all know that as important as historical docu- The perceptions about what steps should be taken mentation is, the first real steps have to be taken now, points of view, and ideas will be wide ranging. Damage mapping This makes it all the more important to discuss and has to be carried out. The position in the debris systematize these matters. Only then can decisions be made about is an important step on this way.
There are a number or what can be undertaken. This was the topic of of associated challenges. Syria, which took place at the beginning of June in Is technology available for damage mapping? The goal was to identify how to jointly deve- Another question is equally important.
Despite the fact that fighting is still going on in Aleppo, for example, is it possible Information is the basis of all projects that explore to begin discussions on city planning? Early in May the UNESCO Field Office in out of the historic inner city be retained, should the Beirut organized a meeting to discuss how infor- traditional building style be kept, should perhaps mation can be made available as a foundation individual important buildings be reconstructed? The German Archaeological Institute and the Museum All these decisions have to be made quickly, be- of Islamic Art of the Staatliche Museen Berlin were cause the places where people live have to be participants.
Since they have jointly carried reconstructed first of all. This gives rise to the questi- out a Syrian Heritage Archive Project financed on of whether our past policy discussions about how by the German Foreign Office. Its purpose is to to deal with destroyed cities are adequate. For that digitize all the information on Syria in our archives reason, Prof. This project is not only concerned tinues to haunt us in Germany. We are still dealing with the moment when attention can turn to re- with the question of how to deal with monuments construction after a period of destruction, as has destroyed in wartime.
Many cities were exten- been going on in Syria since It also has to sively damaged, and decisions were made which do with implementing prospective capacity buil- ranged from reconstructing the historic core of ding. Architects, craftsmen and restorers are to old cities to completely redesigning them from a be trained and experts are to be given advan- modern perspective. In retrospect we can clearly ced instruction so they can be enabled to re- say what worked and what did not.
But of course construct their country, to rebuild Syria when the time this is not only a German issue by any means; it was comes. With this in mind, capacity building pro- in focus throughout the entire war zone of both jects are being carried out in Jordan, the Lebanon world wars.
Also regarding this matter we should and Turkey. This work and training will also be key discuss how to arrange for sharing, and also for elements of humanitarian help for refugees from taking on specific responsibilities. Syria who are now living in neighboring countries. When restoration and reconstruction become Syrian students, doctoral candidates and col- possible again, skilled workers and stonemasons leagues who live in Germany are also involved will be required for the purpose. Many of us have in this project, as a matter of course.
UNESCO conference, young people have an im- Here, too, one has to ask how capacity building portant role in planning the future of their count- can be intensified. All questions related to reconstruc- tute has been considering whether and how we tion must certainly also take into account what can continue to be involved in this area.
This is is important for the actual inhabitants and what because as soon as the subject of training comes they regard as important elements of their city. As a first step we established a system for linking expertise, the Archaeological Heritage Network.
It For this reason the German Academic Exchange was inaugurated at the end of April in the presence service with Its study programs is also part of the of our foreign minister, Frank-Walter Steinmeier. At Cottbus University we had also the chance man states. Other institutions have an explicitly to organize PhD grants for young Syrian colleagues national mandate. Another goal is to gain And therefore they are also important participants experience, and to see our own activities in a of our todays workshop. During the next two days, you will move — but not for its own sake but for an ambi- touch on these issues and you will link current con- tious goal: academic exchange in combination flict situations that endanger historical sites to past with scientific excellence.
Cultural heritage also plays an im- The cooperation between Helwan University, the portant role for collective memories and identities Technical University of Cottbus-Senftenberg and and should therefore be integrated in concepts of the German Archaeological Institute has a long his- reconciliation in post-conflict situations. Tonight, we celebrate the opening of the are experts in the field. Experts who are trained fourth conference on cultural heritage, organized in modern techniques of preservation and ma- within the framework of this fruitful collaboration. Meanwhile, two classes have with the German Archaeological Institute.
The Master Course contributes so far to tance. Cultural heritage is a treasure — but it is also the expertise of the relevant institutions in charge an obligation. The conservation and protection of of heritage conservation, be it in the various mi- archaeological sites and findings is a national as nistries, archaeological departments or in site well as a global duty. The international commu- management. Therefore, conferences like this one are so the establishment of a national master course in important. Cairo for refugee students from Syria and other Much has been done so far for the preservation war effected Arab states.
This additional oppor- of archaeological sites but there are numerous tunity for the education and training of young threats endangering historical places. Some of graduates is also supported by the DAAD, thanks these threats are man-made, like violence and to the generous funding by the German Foreign war, or looting and plundering in times of turmoil. Office in Berlin. In this respect, the title of this conference is quite It is a great opportunity to contribute to the edu- an optimistic one, talking about post-conflict re- cation and formation of a new generation of heri- covery.
Right now, the brutal war in Syria, fighting tage experts in the region, hopefully linking them in Libya, the destructive forces in Iraq and the shel- across borders and help them to weave a network ling of Yemeni cities dominate the news from the across the Middle East.
Ladies and gentlemen, I wish you a pleasant eve- What is needed, however, are visions and guidance ning and fruitful and inspiring discussions during for the time when fighting stops. The examples of the following days. On June 4th, joint degree program with Helwan University, enab- I sent an email to Prof Albert of BTU Cottbus ling both of our students to gain foreign experience containing an attached letter of Prof.
Maged through a semester abroad. We also believe that Negm and me suggesting an academic coope- Egyptian heritage sites could be interesting for ap- ration in the field of Heritage Management. The plied projects in that field and therefore we pro-po- letter attached to that email read as follows: se to include the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo as a possible partner. Dear Prof. Albert, We ask you to forward this proposal to the council The Faculty of Tourism and Hotel Management of of your college and to inform us if such cooperation Helwan University is the oldest faculty of its kind in is welcome on your part.
Africa and the Middle East. It started as two sepa- Maged Negm and Hosam Refai rate institutes in and was developed into a faculty in when it joined the then newly estab- Two days later, I received a reply from Prof. Albert lished Helwan University. In addition to our pro- asking me to contact Michael Schmidt, the then grams in Tourism Studies, Hospitality Management newly appointed director of World Heritage Stu- and Tourism Guidance, the faculty is also interes- dies, and on the 14th of November ,I received ted in the preservation and management of cul- an email from Simona Cadar, who was the coor- tural heritage and has plans to develop academic dinator of World Heritage Studies, telling me that programs in Cultural Heritage Management as well on behalf of Michael and the Heritage team of as Museum Studies intending to prepare qualified BTU they are interested in the proposed coopera- managers of heritage sites, who ensure the sus- tion.
At that time the German Academic Exchange tainability of the sites by maintaining the balance Service had published a call for proposals under between its accessibility as a tourist attraction with the programme German — Arab Transformation the best possible services to visitors, while at the Partnership. After securing the approval of Hel- same time preserving the site for future genera- wan University president, everything moved on tions.
This is an academic field, though with utmost very fast from that time on. We prepared a letter importance with regard to the cultural uniqueness of intent on the next day and signed a MoU in May of Egypt, has not been previously tackled in inter- of the following year and worked almost on daily national cooperation. Many of our staff are PhD basis from November to June on the holders in Archaeology, Egyptology and History of proposal that we presented to the DAAD and that Egypt and maintain excellent connections to the was approved on July 27, Ministry of Antiquities and the foreign archeolo- gical institutes in Egypt.
Now the task ahead was to develop a joint pro- It is our aim to provide a joint master degree in that gramme in less than a year. In a professional and field preferably with a German Institute. We have collegiate working atmosphere with our new friends already discussed the matter with the President of of BTU and supported by the German Archaeo- Helwan University, the DAAD office here in Cairo as logical Institute as a partner from the very begin- well as with Dr.
Simultaneously, on both sides, we 15 different nationalities. The intercultural experience started marketing the new programme and ma- that the programme offers is almost unparalleled at naged to secure 27 applications from Egypt and Egyptian universities. We are also trying to enhance Arab states, nine Egyptians joined the first intake this through a wide range of activities and excursions of the programme as DAAD scholarship holders in during the third common semester in Cairo which I addition to two self-payers. Within the joint academic agreement with BTU, With the initial DAAD funding phase coming to an an annual conference was foreseen from the end this month, we started early in to discuss very beginning and it was envisaged to be held with our BTU colleagues the possible extension of alter-nating between Egypt and Germany.
The funding and prepared a new proposal that was conference was meant to serve as the scientific again generously funded by the DAAD. The new platform of the cooperation and also help market project that started in the current academic year the programme and make it visible on an inter- aims at establishing a new local track of the pro- national scale. There was undoubtedly no better nagement and endangered heritage at the time place to kick off this annual event than amidst the of war and conflict. The idea was to address the glory of heritage sites that our programme aims to current political situation in the Middle East and to better preserve and manage.
We then in- civil war, who are residing in Egypt and registered at tensified our efforts on both sides to market intake the UNHCR, in addition to five scholarships to Egypti- two of the programme with great success. From in- ans and five to Germans from the WHS programme take two onwards the programme became a truly to spend an external semester in Cairo. Here again inter-national one, with a total of 20 students re- an innovative intercultural approach will help new gistered in both universities from Egypt, Germany, groups of students to get a qualification in heritage Jordan, Romania, China, Russia and Bangladesh.
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The opening was held at the refugee crisis from a new approach with the aim German Foreign Office and included a panel to help the affected countries by educating profes- discussion moderated by Prof. Friederike Fless sional heritage experts who would be ready to help about the role of Germany in the protection of in rebuilding its cultural landscape after the canons heritage worldwide; then and now an increasing- of war have silenced.
It was again an opportunity partner. We received 35 applications from Egyp- for intake 2 students of both universities, and while tian students and 36 applications from Arab refu- BTU students where spending their third semester gees. Together with our colleagues from BTU, all in Cairo, to take part in the organization and at- applicants were interviewed in Cairo and 15 were tend the various sessions of the conference. At granted a scholarship. In addition to five Egypti- that time, intake 3 students had also started their ans, ten Arab refugees were selected: seven from first national semester in Cairo and Cottbus.
Syria, two from Yemen and one from Iraq. What mostly excites me in HCSM is the life-changing Intake three students, 19 in total, comprise in addi- impact this programme has on its students and it tion to 10 students from Egypt registered at Helwan gives me great pleasure to see how our graduates as their main university, 9 from BTU who are current- and students have developed, improved their skills ly spending their third semester in Cairo together and found new jobs and opportunities.
I am sure with their Egyptian colleagues. In , tration from the Syrian International University. He his second year at the university, he joined a pro- fled to Egypt in and has been working in a ject on the documentation of the Old City of construction company since He hopes that Aleppo, but then the war broke out in the city in one day he would use his knowledge both in ma- and he fled to Egypt where he joined the naging construction sites and managing heritage Architecture Department at Alexandria University sites to save the Syrian heritage.
He hopes to be able to join in the rebuilding of the old city of Aleppo when Mohamed Wassem Slal the war is over. Mohamed is Syrian with origins in Palestine. He has been Abdulnasser is from Damascus and had already trying to establish his own business in Architecture studied two years architecture at Damascus Uni- in Egypt ever since. She studied Architecture ment of Architecture. She joined the programme because she was always Abdulrahim Badrakhan inter-ested in architectural heritage and ist conser- Abdulrahim is a 30 years old Syrian who studied in- vation and she hopes to be able to raise aware- terior design in Russia.
He was a member of the lo- ness about that in her home country after the cal heritage committee in Syria before the war. He war. He studied IT in Saudi Ara- of my own faculty. This new academic discipline bia and worked with several telecom operators in was integrated at the faculty over the last three and outside Yemen. He has always been passio- years, first in the Master level, followed by a Bache- nate about history and cultural heritage and his lor programme that started this year and a PhD dream is to use his IT skills to record Yemeni heri- programme that will follow in In the pipeline tage sites.
He started to study Architecture at Damascus will be the first at Egyptian Universities. University in , but in the year where he Our initial email has already taken us quite far, was supposed to graduate he had to flee to Egypt but the journey of a thousand miles is still in its with his family. He managed to get enrolled at beginning.
Ain Shams University and had to study two further years but eventually graduated in Islam Dawood Islam is from Iraq. He studied Archaeology at the University in Baghdad and came to Egypt in He hopes to participate one day in the rebuilding and management of archaeological sites in Iraq. Lujein Alkreidi Lujein comes from a small southern city in Syria called Swaida.
She studied English Literature at Damascus University where she graduated in She then started a course in Tourism Guidance and wanted to become a tour guide but the war broke out in Syria and she had to flee to Egypt together with her husband who refused to join the military service and had to escape. Abstract The post-conflict reconstruction of cultural properties and historic cities is a familiar theme for the international community of cultural heritage. Since the end of World War II, the authenticity of reconstructed cultural heritage, especially when it comes to the reconstruction of a World Heritage site, has been questioned several times.
In each case, the primary concern has been the impact of the reconstruction on the values for which the property was inscribed as a World Heri- tage site. While the existing guidelines and policies do not offer a clear guidance for the reconstruction of a des- troyed cultural property, there are also serious deficiencies in the policies and practises for post-conflict recovery of cultural heritage. Ranging from the lack of shared vision, political and financial support, institutional and human capacity, and local community participation the issues directly connected to what should be recovered and how are numerous.
The ongoing conflict situations in the Middle East and North Africa, and the large scale destruction of the cultural heritage sites and historic cities, has necessitated a holistic strategy to address the different conceptual, programming, and infra- structural challenges for post-conflict reconstruction and recovery. The evolution of the concept of cultural heritage and its authenticity, and the broader definition of values attributed to cultural heritage after the Nara Document, should also be considered for developing such an international document that can suggest a process for decision making.
Historians tell us when Athens was destroyed This innovative form of reconstruction highlighted in BC during the Greco-Persian Wars, the an awareness of the cultural values that are Athenians first decided not to rebuild the ruined threatened by war. For us, this mes- troyed pre-Parthenon temple were laid in a con- sage goes beyond a war memorial. It reminds us that tinuous row on the wall as a message to future cultural heritage is a hybrid integration of the dif- generations. War and Cultural Heritage: A Complex Situation a monumental approach to cultural heritage, The relationship between war and human cultural is gradually emerging.
By coining and applying heritage, in all of its forms, is as complicated as wider definitions for cultural heritage, protection each of these phenomena are on their own. Their and recovery of it are no longer an unaffordable interconnection is also multi-layered and alters in and elite action in peacetime or in post-war reco- different phases of a conflict, starting in the pre- very phases. Therefore, the fundamental questions violence phase and continuing into the extensive revolve around the new concept of cultural heri- process of post-war recovery and reconstruction.
In the hyper-politicized atmosphere of war, cultural heritage can not only become a target, but it can The context and concept of cultural heritage also have a role in forming a cause or accelerating The understanding and interpretation of cultural the violence. It can be used as a strategy of war and heritage, and the efforts for its protection and re- its destruction can be a war weapon to diminish construction, has not been a constant concept enemy morale, or war propaganda. To answer what should nature and position of cultural heritage as a pas- be protected during an armed conflict and what sive phenomenon, a victim in conflict, it, in actuali- should be reconstructed after a conflict and how, ty, has a dynamic characteristic that incorporates the new perspective on cultural heritage and its cultural heritage as an active participant in the social role need to be recognised.
Photo: Bijan Rouhani. The collections were compiled some iconoclast. The de- monuments, and works commissioned from con- struction of numerous paintings, statues, and monu- temporary artists were stored and displayed at ments was a brutal answer to this question. In , Alexandre Lenoir, a French cultural properties in the event of armed conflict.
However, by adopting a restrictive definition of cultural heritage, the Hague Convention explicitly excludes many forms in which cultural manifests itself. Drafters of the Hague Con- vention intended to design a realistic document that could feasibly be accepted by as many states as possible. The definition not only ne- gates intangible and living heritage, but it also neglects the different forms of tangible heritage. For instance, the Hague Convention does not Fig. This approach to cultural property changed in Materialistic approach to the values of historic the following conventions of UNESCO, which ap- monuments and sites, embodied in the modern plied a broader definition of cultural heritage.
For instance, Blake In , when the World Heritage Committee de- Intangible values of tangible heritage veloped the first Operational Guidelines, the test In response to the emerging need to have a broa- of authenticity was only referred to authenticity in der universal definition of authenticity, the Nara design, material, workmanship, and setting.
The process of defining cultural heritage pressions, and traditional knowledge and skills, as is impossible without an active participation of well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cul- everyone in society and heritage reconstruction tural spaces associated with them, as well as com- should be a participatory process which serves munities, groups, and, in some cases, individuals. New values need monuments to people, from objects to functions to be accepted through community engagement and from preservation per se to purposeful preser- in heritage process and evaluation.
On the other hand, post-war recovery of cultural heri- tage is not considered an unaffordable, luxurious process, limited to monuments, but is as vast and essential as the definition and function of cultural heritage. Effects of conflict on intangible aspects of heritage Indirect effects of war are not limited only to the tangible aspects of cultural heritage; rather, it can fundamentally alter or eliminate the essential ele- ments for the sustainable protection and recovery of cultural heritage and damage the intangible Fig. Besides the psychological effects of war regarded in recovery and reconstruction process and the threats that it poses to social and collec- as well.
In this context, the existence of built heri- tive identity, many forms of intangible and living tage and its continuity is deeply depended upon heritage are endangered in the aftermath of ar- its environment; cultural and natural landscapes med conflict. The continuity and livingness of many are inter-related, and any sustainable develop- intangible forms of cultural heritage, like traditional ment plan should consider both environmental knowledge and skills, craftsmanship, social practice and cultural heritage issues.
The environment is and way of life, depends profoundly on people a fundamental context that gives birth to human and their places. As war causes loss of life and heritage and, in many cases, determines the so- unwanted displacement of people, the existence cial, technical, formal and artistic characteristics and the continuation of these traditions may be- of cultural or architectural heritage.
Although a number of refugees and immi- b: 3 , which once again shows the new at- grants may return to their homeland after a conflict, tention to the integration of cultural and natural and those who remain in another land may conti- values with each other. The new seeking sanctuary in other countries. The number of Yemeni portant as historic, artistic, and documental values displaced people is over 2.
Natural North Africa region MENA has affected the in- and environmental concerns are considered as tangible heritage of the region. Missing ties with the interrelated issues to the sustainable protec- intangible heritage can impact the protection tion of cultural heritage. Place, Warsaw Photo: Wikimedia. Without people who are the during the Second World War. Though it is difficult real creators and bearers of the cultural heritage to compare a bustling occupied city centre with and its values, the protection and recovery of the an abandoned village now used as a memorial, impacted heritage is impossible.
Warsaw and Oradou-sur-Glane do represent con- After , the number of Christians, who fled Iraq, verse decisions on how the total the devastation increased sharply. This was exacerbated by the of war is dealt with. The massive de- the control of the ISIS militants. Before the recent struction raised the question of reconstruction conflicts and violence, Iraq, and especially in Mo- and conservation throughout the entire country.
The monuments had suffered different levels of With each displacement, the creativity and the damages during the war, ranging from light da- existence of many traditions and forms of culture mage to severe damage and total destruction. The living and intangible heritage In the first category, there were numerous monu- have a key role in any recovery phase for tangible ments, which suffered minor damage like disrup- heritage after a conflict.
The reconstruction of ver- tion of roofs, openings and cracks of modest mea- nacular architecture, such as earthen and woo- sures, deformations without losses, etc. In these cases, there was Cultural heritage reconstruction has become not one, univocal solution, but two accepted pro- a common theme since the conclusion of the posals: essential repair or different arrangements Second World War.
Many cultural properties have according to the damaged or lost part or ele- been completely or partially reconstructed due to ments Sette The post- An example of the first form of repair is visible in the conflict reconstruction of Warsaw is perhaps one restoration of the Basilica of San Lorenzo Fuori le of the most recognizable examples of rebuilding Mura in Rome, which was consolidated and reinte- a historic urban centre in almost the same fashi- grated after aerial bombardment destroyed it.
On the other hand, there are other types of ext- Where a monument had lost most of its irreplace- reme answers to destroyed settlements and mo- able elements, the concrete reasons for recon- numents. The ruins of Oradour-sur-Glane, a small struction were stronger than the protection of village in west-central France, is preserved without historic values and the original materials. However, and reconstruct the collapsed structures. Santa Chiara Church in Naples is the famous ex- Post-conflict recovery challenges ample of this kind of reconstruction. The cathe- The post-conflict recovery phase can also be seen dral was bombarded by the Allies and almost as an opportunity for improvement, development, entirely destroyed by a fire after the bombing in and investment.
The famous example for this cate- ential Lebanese politicians. Un- international organisations that looked at the project der the pressure of those who did not want to give as a reconciliation attempt for a divided city. Howe- up to losing significant monuments, the reconst- ver, the desire to reconstruct an iconic cultural heri- ruction of many buildings that were made of stone tage in a complex political atmosphere can neglect blocks was legitimated.
This poli- national donors on their countries. As the new conflicts are now lack of shared vision, integrated approach, politi- fought within, rather than between states, this ap- cal and financial support, institutional and human proach has gained more attention to garner re- capacity, and local participation, to the issues conciliation among divided people within a state that are directly connected to what should be re- or society Greer In Afghanistan, years after the fall of heritage with universal values might marginalise the Taliban, many heritage sites are still inaccessible most vulnerable local heritage that has a significant because of the unsecure situations in parts of the role in restoring socio-economic life and cohesion country.
The isolation of these sites and the pover- of communities. This makes cultural heritage reco- ty of local people lead to further damage such as very an elitist action while the society is still grappling illegal excavation and neglect which leads to the with its basic needs and insufficiencies. Conservation and recovery pro- jects of cultural heritage potentially can create investment and job opportunities; rehabilitate traditional skills and craftsmanship; and produce cultural products for local, national or regional markets.
The examples can be found in Kosovo, former Yugoslavia, and also Timbuktu in Mali, whe- re the reconstruction of the intentionally damaged mausoleums created local jobs for masons and craftsman UNESCO The on-going conflict in the Middle East and North Where reconstruction has been seen as a suppor- Africa and their destructive impacts on the cul- tive tool for the OUV of the property, it has been tural heritage sites and cities has necessitated a accepted as a legitimate action.
One example holistic strategy for reconstruction and recovery is the reconstruction of the royal mausoleum of of cultural heritage, especially for World Heritage Muzibu-Azaala-Mpanga within the World Heritage properties. The the multi-faceted challenges that reconstruction Guidelines mainly deal with the reconstruction of brings, its social and economic context, the short fabric. The terrorist attacks and intentional destruction, the Guidance, drafted by a group of ICOMOS inter- lack of security, looting, and social upheavals in national experts, would be based on the idea of the MENA region have led to the unprecedented reconstruction as a dynamic process.
Exacer- In March , ICOMOS organised an International bated by the economic crisis, neglect, and poor Colloquium in Paris on Post Trauma Reconstruction management, all types of tangible and intangible to discuss different perspectives on reconstruction cultural heritage in the MENA region have signifi- and authenticity. A follow-up operational work- cantly suffered since the start of the current period shop, sponsored by Kyushi University of Japan, was of instability.
In Danger List of UNESCO either because of da- The draft document, which is still in preparation mage related to the prevailing situation of conflict now in January , will address State Parties who and instability or due to the fear of further degrada- are the respondents to the traumas and destruc- tion and upheaval.
The guidance will not provide a solution for Heritage Sites in danger globally. The number of post-disaster reconstruction, but suggests a pro- World Heritage endangered sites in this region is cess for decision making and will assist in setting more than any other areas in the world. There are out process to assess the impact of destruction on also thousands of sites and monuments not on the Outstanding Universal Values of World Heritage World Heritage List but are highly valuable for the properties as well as on other values and their local communities that face the same danger.
The scale of intentional and wilful destruction of Moreover, the Guidance aims to assist the process cultural heritage during the recent crisis in MENA for the assessment of different options, including: region has also reached an extraordinarily worri- some level. Following the truction? Temple of Bel, Temple of Baalshamin, and later and by whom? Surviving attributes of OUV to different ethnic and religious groups have also should be carefully documented and a statement been intentionally bombed, bulldozed, or demo- of impacts and a list of different options for reco- lished by other means.
Global Strategy for Reconstruction of World Herita- This new dimension of vandalism and intentional ge sites in the Middle East and North Africa destruction, in which cultural heritage and city ICOMOS Guidance on Post Trauma Reconstruc- centres are destroyed, will affect the recovery and tion is the first international initiative to define a glo- reconstruction options as the impacted societies bal process for assessing the impact of a disaster might have a stronger will to remove the evidence or conflict on World Heritage sites and developing of violence and hateful destruction.
Therefore, it is reconstruction options. In , the an- The scale of the destruction in some of the historic cient city together with its significant monuments city centres in the MENA region is comparable to including the Citadel, Umayyad Mosque, and the destruction during World War II. Suqs were placed on the List of World Heritage It is not surprising to know that among all coun- in Danger.
Major cities, Ancient City of Aleppo, as a living World Heri- like Aleppo and Homs, have been the theatres tage city, requires a global strategy to face all the of war for a long time. According to a UNESCO challenges and prevent further damage or loss report, a preliminary survey in Aleppo shows that of the cultural significance of the city centre. The city has been inhabited historic centre as well as help the local commu- since Pre-history and located at the crossroads of nity to recover from the social, economic, politi- several trade routes from the 2nd millennium B.
Ancient City of Aleppo would be aligned with the Since , Aleppo has experienced massive new Guidance on Post Trauma Reconstruction destruction as a result of the armed conflict, and and should identify and justify a variety of reconst- the city was divided into two sections, one con- ruction options. Moreover, it should create a coor- trolled by the Syrian Army and the other by the dination mechanism for all reconstruction projects armed rebels. In addition to unprecedented da- in the Ancient City. Working with local human, institutional, and ma- terial resources, and placing communities at the centre of the process should be promoted by international organisations in Aleppo and other impacted historic city centres.
A successful and sustainable recovery process is dependent on the development of local institutions and building ca- pacity for them. In: N. Stanley- sary of the Nara Document on Authenticity, held Price ed. Cultural Heritage in Postwar Recovery. Stanley-Price ed. Credits Blake, J. International and Comparative Law Quarterly 49 1 , Fig. Philadelphia, University of Penn- Fig. Stanley-Price Fig. Conserving the Authentic: Essays in commons. Available from: Fig. Ferguson, N. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Pub- lishing.
Greer, P. In: Ferguson, N. Post-conflict reconstruction. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. In: Giovanni Carbonara ed. Trattato di restauro ed. Reclaiming Archaeology Beyond the Tropes architettonico 1. Milan, UTET, pp. London, Routledge. Tarabay, T. Tomaszewski, A. In: Valtieri, S.
Regulations for the Execution of the Convention Idzerda, S. Vienna Memorandum on fairs. Available from: Jokilehto, J. Burlington, Elsevier. Loulanski, T. WHC- pp. Cambdridge, Cambridge University Press. Available Marconi, P. In: Dal Co, F. Milano, Electa, pp. In: Andreson, J.
Conflict in Cities and the to Aleppo. Working Paper Series. Architettti 1, pp. Wijesuriya, G. In: Stovel, H. Decision: 40 COM 7. This story of recon- struction is often told either from the point of view of heritage lost or of architecture of whatever quality gained, reflecting the typical division of both professional life and academic research into narrow specialisms. But the question of cultural continuity requires these and other strands to be brought into dialogue with one another, and there is much to be gained in reflecting on how they interrelated.
By combining this earlier thinking with a narrative understanding of time and culture the outline of a new framework is offered to address the ongoing issue of how the historic environment should be reconstructed in the aftermath of conflict, and the wider question of the place of new design in historic settings.
The city was populations were attacked, in a way and on a scale attacked on the night of 14 November , that had not been previously seen, through the destroying or irreparably damaging the majority use of air power. November attack that is principally referred A city with a historic core and a medieval cathedral, to and which led Joseph Goebbels, Reichsminister Coventry had grown rapidly from the mid-nine- of Propaganda, to coin the triumphal neologism teenth century as a centre of manufacturing.
As growth had been largely unplanned, resulting the war progressed, the balance of destruction in industry liberally intermixed with housing and shifted from British to German cities, but in a other uses; the conversion of its factories to arms British context that first attack on Coventry retains a manufacturing made Coventry a military target particular resonance. Not only did it do a certain amount of much-needed demolition for us, but — more important — it made people in all walks of life realize that reconstruction was necessary, and what it might mean if it were properly planned.
As the first city outside of London to have development. Concern had been increasingly been badly blitzed, and with destruction so exten- voiced from the late nineteenth century about the sive including the loss of its cathedral, it stood as failures of industrialisation, particularly in the de- a national symbol of wartime suffering; if post-war spoiling of the landscape by polluting industries and reconstruction were to succeed, it had to be seen the insanitary living conditions of many workers who to succeed in Coventry Bullock This were often housed in slum areas in close proximity resulted in early and strong encouragement from to the factories in which they were employed.
Finally, town planning at the University of Liverpool. A Plan for Town and Country reform. Initially frustrated by a lack of scope to Stephenson et al was a book aimed at the implement change, Gibson developed a first re- general public in which they make the case for construction plan in on his own initiative, planning, reflects this contemporary concern with prompted by an offer from a local industrialist to the state of British cities.
Gibson used this plan to launch a get an idea like that? Thus in the case back gardens. Mr Gibson, the City from his home into the centre of the city over piles Architect. While the destruction and Jack: The one who wants to tear down Coventry loss of life were awful — over people were killed and put a skyscraper up in its place? The plan that accom- panied the report shows just ten existing buildings or fragments retained within the proposed inner circula- tory road; everything else that survived the bombing, in- cluding substantial amounts least, to see the destruction as an opportunity in of housing to the east of the Cathedral, was to be light of the substantial pressure for a new plan for erased.
On the face of it Gibson displayed at least the city. Many their nature critically, and result in a second stage citizens had despaired of this possibility. High land of transformation. Now in a night, this in two stages. His description of the scheme in his to the railway station. Whereas Hasegawa suggests this demonstrated a high level of public support, Stamp 52 interprets this negatively as demonstrating widespread concern.
After approval of the plan was granted at a public enquiry, the Council applied the following year for the Declaratory Order required under the Act for the compulsory purchase of properties that were to be demolished.
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The place of historic buildings, of often held up as exemplifying the mistakes made greatest relevance to this discussion, within his in post-war reconstruction. It was strophe of colossal magnitude, but an opportunity therefore a major item of news when the city to be grasped with both hands. Let it not be said announced in March that it was preparing by future generations that the people of Coventry a bid to become UK City of Culture , and it failed them when the ideal was within their reach.
This lack of consensus contributed to the ensuing stalemate between local and central government. After initially ignoring the Chamber, the Council began engaging with their concerns during , and a compromise was reached in Fig. Modern Planning and the Place of the Old Urbanisme had appeared in English as The City of The second battle that Gibson referred to above Tomorrow  , and is clearly referenced was in part a generational one.