By , the number had risen to Over the years, the development of data collection standards has been considered by the international community as a key activity to enhance national responses to trafficking in persons. In response, a series of initiatives focused on improving data collection were carried out by different international actors including the European Union , the International Organization for Migration , the International Labour Organization , the International Centre for Migration Policy Development , among others.
- C100 - Direct Request (CEACR) - adopted 2018, published 108th ILC session (12222).
- Human trafficking.
- The Evolution of the UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons.
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At the time of writing, I am returning from a capacity building mission in North Africa, where local authorities were eager to receive tools to systematically collect and report their statistics on the cases of trafficking they detect, witnessing how data has nowadays turned into a matter of relevance. More data means more analysis, and every edition of the Global Report contains some small analytical advancement compared to the previous edition.
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The edition , for instance, included the first linear regression on trafficking data. The analysis presented the link between economic dynamics and trafficking flows, and the results showed that impoverished socio-economic conditions result in an increasing number of victims of trafficking. The edition of the Report presented multilinear regressions on time series data, explaining cross-border trafficking flows in terms of the gravity model of migration. The and editions presented qualitative analyses for more than trafficking cases.
Official statistics can only speak to part of the story, and those numbers, if not carefully presented, may mislead readers or analysts.
It is not only a matter of collecting solid data from clear sources, but also how to use the data in a proper way. Evidence-based analysis, however, must start from this basis to evolve into something more adequate to describe the phenomenon of trafficking in persons. It is still not clear what that something could be. This is much needed, and the analysis for the UNODC Global Report will probably combine official statistics with what will emerge from these innovative approaches. It is also imaginable, and desirable, that future research will drop the use of official statistics to study this crime.
On trafficking data, however, the future is not here yet.
This article has been prepared by Fabrizio Sarrica as a contributor to Delta 8. As provided for in the Terms and Conditions of Use of Delta 8. Skip to content. The Delta 8.
Fight against human trafficking
This Protocol is the only universal legally-binding instrument for combatting human trafficking. It asks the States to establish trafficking as a criminal offence, and contains provisions on prevention and the protection of victims and sets out international cooperation mechanisms in the areas of prosecution and suppression. GIFT , launched in , which brings together international organisations involved in combating human trafficking in the interests of greater coordination and mutual reinforcement of their action. At the General Assembly of the United Nations, in , and , France supported resolutions on improving the coordination of actions against human trafficking and its other resolutions on human trafficking.
During its presidency of the Security Council in June , France organized an open debate on the link between sexual violence and human trafficking, in the presence, among others, of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, Ms Zainab Bangura, and the Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children, Ms Maria Grazia Giammarinaro. This meeting helped to emphasize both trading practices used in sexual slavery set up by certain terrorist groups, particularly Daesh, and the increased vulnerability among female refugees to human trafficking and sexual violence networks.
In December , under the Spanish presidency of the Security Council, with the support of France, the Council unanimously adopted a historic resolution clearly defining the link between human trafficking, sexual violence and terrorism as a threat to international peace and security.
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Resolution , which calls on Member States to take decisive and immediate action to prevent and prosecute human trafficking, including in the context of armed conflict, requests that the Secretary-General issue a report at the end of During the public debate which took place at the Council, at which the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, Special Representative Bangura, EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator Myria Vassiliadou, two Yezidi representatives and about 70 delegations all made statements, France reiterated its commitment to combatting human trafficking, particularly of women and children, and against sexual violence committed against them in conflict situations.
Within the Human Rights Council, France supported the creation of a mandate for Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children , a position currently held by Maria Grazia Giammarinaro. France also supported the creation by the Human Rights Council in of a mandate for Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery , which was renewed in September for three years. France is also party to the Optional Protocol to the International Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
Trafficking in Persons Report
Within the European Union, there was a directive on trafficking in , which France transposed, as well as a strategy implemented by the EU Anti-Trafficking Coordinator. It is also one of the priorities of the European Agenda on Migration of May , from the perspective of the fight against criminal networks of human smugglers. Furthermore, trafficking in human beings is one of the 13 priorities of the EU policy cycle for fighting organized crime and should be maintained in the next cycle This Convention places the victims at the heart of the mechanism.
France is actively cooperating with GRETA, with which it is engaged in constructive cooperation and dialogue, and which it welcomed to France in