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She also contends that in the Andes gender cannot be understood without attention to kinship. Stories such as that of the young woman who migrates to the city to do domestic work and later returns to the highlands voicing a deep ambivalence about the traditional authority of her in-laws provide enlightening examples of the ways in which storytelling enables residents of Sullk'ata to make sense of events and link themselves to one another in a variety of relationships.

A vibrant ethnography, Performing Kinship offers a rare glimpse into an compelling world. She lives in Bath, Maine. See All Customer Reviews. Shop Textbooks. Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. Herndon, VA: to reshape the Ukrainian identity. Wanner engages the Berghahn, But In Fracturing Resemblances, Simon Harrison has given us second-generation immigrants are changing the nature of one of the most fascinating and sophisticated works of an- their transnational faith communities by assimilating into thropology to appear in recent years.

Ethnographically de- mainstream America and by sharing their new experiences tailed, comparative in scope, solidly conceptualized, clearly with coreligionists back home. Their message is reinforced written, and economical in size, it deserves a wide reader- by a remarkable inflow of U. By utilizing these transna- In this volume Harrison takes issue with the traditional tional resources to respond to a fast changing political social scientific commonplace that solidarity and shared economy, Wanner argues that evangelical congregations in identity are the building blocks out of which societies are Ukraine have become major sites of cultural innovation.

Although weak- flict, rather than solidarity, between social units. Although ened by emigration and the passage of time, Soviet-style he is not explicit on this point, it is also clear that Harrison evangelical churches still exist. Wanner contrasts two such draws on the work of Marilyn Strathern as well.

Fo- the literature of taboo and pollution. From the various individual stories The book, less than pages overall, is broken down Zamindar presents emerges a picture of new states discov- into a series of ten short chapters, each of which develops ering their power while dealing with these millions of peo- the theme of mimetic conflict in a different way.

While it is true that Harrison is firmly grounded that in a tragic sense can be called twin cities. It is well in the ethnography of Melanesia, his area of specialty, and known that Karachi virtually became a city of Muhajirs or many Melanesianists will be impressed by his mastery of migrants from India, many of them from Delhi, whereas this material, the book also strays broadly across space and Hindus had made up almost half of its population.

But time to make its case, touching on the politics of religious Delhi, too, experienced a large exchange of its population, conflict in Northern Ireland, Sikh identity in India, and the accommodating many displaced Sikhs and Hindus from social organization of ancient Rome. Despite these wide- the Punjab in property owned by Muslims. Zamindar di- ranging excursions, Harrison avoids the trap of glib gener- vides this history in three phases: the first year when travel alization, and his focus on Melanesia never reads as exces- was largely unregulated; the period between the summer of sively pedantic or narrowly specialized.

Each shift made it more difficult to travel, the best anthropological fashion: by developing a wide- pinpointed people to the place where they happened to be spread theme in the literature and contextualizing it ethno- at the time of introducing the new device, and sharpened graphically.

This slim volume deserves a wider readership the boundaries of citizenship. There was pology to the legal anthropology of intellectual property. However, one also felt responsible to the large numbers of refugees already arriving in its capital cities. Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali the religious minorities living on its territory or the arriv- Zamindar. New York: Columbia University Press, Both governments opted for the latter, in effect nationalizing individual property of religious minorities to house the refugees.

Krista E. In India, however, they were sus- pected to be spies for the Pakistani government. If they re- In the last two decades, scholars have taken up kinship, that ceived a permit at all, this was mostly on a temporary basis, old anthropological totem, dusting it off and reenergizing it meaning that their citizenship remained dubious. With the with a series of promising, in-depth ethnographies.

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If earlier introduction of passports in , the citizenship status of scholars of kinship have been accused of concentrating nar- religious minorities became questioned even more. The two-nation theory, arguing that the shifts and continuities of contemporary life. Muslims and Hindus formed different nations, did not in it- In Performing Kinship, Krista Van Vleet contributes a self stop people from crossing the border, just like, for that beautifully written and solidly theorized ethnography to matter, the border separating Pakistan and Afghanistan is this kinship renaissance.

Reporting on long-term fieldwork hardly recognized by the people living in the border region in a Bolivian highland town, she teases out the significance a comparison Zamindar does not make. Only with the in- of being a brother, a daughter, a mother-in-law, or a hus- troduction of relatively new devices like permits and pass- band by reflecting on the ways that people narrate their ports did the border become a fixed line separating two lives. Her analysis also incorporates the relationships that states and two nations. The only reservation I have is that it does not relatedness. Her interpretation of gender is worked carefully realize all of its promises.

What this study does show, how- veloping relatedness and status there over time. Because of ever, is how religious nationalism was institutionalized in these social implications of marriage for women, Van Vleet new sovereign nation-states and how a nonterritorial ideol- shows, it is understandable that as some of them narrate the ogy gained a territorial logic. Although the study does draw on oral history, how people themselves narrate their lives and past experi- the most convincing parts are based on court cases dug up ences: it is through talking about people, and telling stories, from official archives.

Zamindar is at her best describing that relatedness is produced. Ayni can refer to nu- guage as social action. Although such relationships are typically an- cussions on domestic violence, gender, and cultural impe- alyzed using a framework of economic rationality, Van Vleet rialism. Overall, I believe that this book would fit very well suggests that the conceptual toolkit of kinship theory is into courses on gender, kinship, or Latin America, in addi- more apt for describing the way that this routine exchange tion to making a valuable addition to the bookshelf of schol- of labor also produces and actualizes a social relationship.

A second crucial component of this local kinship the- ory is the act of feeding, and its counterpart, receiving food. On one hand, feeding is how the Andeans Van Vleet worked with understood relatedness to be established. Feeding a child is an important part of the process of becoming kin Getting By in Postsocialist Romania: Labor, the Body, and to that child, and because siblings do not regularly feed Working-Class Culture.

David A. Bloomington: one another they do not feel the same kind of closeness Indiana University Press, Be- Eastern Europe, heavy industry laborers have suffered a cause of the significance of debt, glossed here both as ayni massive reversal of fortune. From their place as exemplary and as hierarchy, we cannot understand local interactions builders of socialism, workers have been shunted to the without considering the broader network in which a pair of margins of postsocialist political priorities, with disastrous siblings, or a married couple, is embedded.

Through stirring narratives and vivid ethnographic One of the most striking ethnographic findings of the description, David A. His ated by marriage, including both spouses and in-laws—is central concern is with the ways in which workers express more crucial an axis than is gender alone to understand- their understandings of themselves and their positions in ing the origin of violent acts. Second, she complicates the postsocialist Romania through narratives of deteriorating stereotype common throughout the Andes of Indian men physical and mental health.

Finally, locating demise. He argues that mine and factory closures and la- her examination of domestic violence at the end of the bor contract buyouts, coupled with postsocialist media im- book, following other related analyses—such as an evalua- ages of the new European as an individual consumer rather tion of the discourses surrounding marriage, which include than a collectivized producer, have operated in tandem to those offered in formal Catholic marriage courses and the propel the image of the heavy industry laborer as a mem- ideas circulating along with marriage gifts and exchanges ber of a problem population into the imaginations of the in local weddings—means that it can be considered not national media, policymakers, and nonworker communi- in a sensationalistic way but, rather, as one highly politi- ties.

Whereas once workers were able to mobilize collec- cized and contentious aspect of affinity in the Bolivian tively to assert their needs, they no longer have the sym- Andes. In post- had provided a crucial sense of belonging that extended socialist times miners and factory workers have become beyond the workplace.

In response, Kideckel finds, some casualties of anti-Communist sentiment. Throughout the text, Kideckel with rose-colored glasses and look to the future with dread.

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He discusses the ways ing conditions chs. In the final chapter ch. Romanian heavy industry workers have been upending of established gender regimes in physical terms isolated from one another and marginalized from politics ch. For instance, after Perhaps because the states of embodiment he de- reading a passage in which the author describes from first- scribes are so all-encompassing, Kideckel refers to postso- hand experience how miners often work naked to cope cialism in the singular and does not delve into a theoreti- with searing temperatures in the underground, it is impos- cal consideration of its nuanced or contradictory facets.

Re- sible for the reader to dismiss laborers as relics of a bygone gardless, however, the text is wholly evocative, compellingly era. For instance, Jiu Valley miners worked in largely sex- segregated domains, where the norm was that men worked Gossip, Markets, and Gender: How Dialogue Constructs in the mines and women managed the domestic sphere of Moral Value in Post-Socialist Kilimanjaro. In this region, miners lament the loss Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, State decisions to downsize heavy industry has resulted in fewer workers working longer shifts, increased suspicion about the mo- ANNE S.

People seldom comment on mundane aspects Tanzania the mids. While the local specifics have of life, the everyday matters that comprise daily existence; doubtlessly changed as the implications of liberalization those activities and patterns require no discussion. Part of its to draw attention and debate gossip from onlookers. An strength derives from the wide range of data derived from analysis based primarily on verbal narratives therefore can close-hand observations, informal interviews, casual con- obscure the unspoken, unremarkable cultural practices and versations, and life histories.

Given that gossip is a ubiq- daily actions. Interestingly, most conversations seem to have oc- events what percent of marriages involved capture? This pattern of using a lingua do dominate in their domestic relations? The speakers as- not explain ordinary life as well. This fact resonates partic- maneuver to retain active participation or enhance their ularly well with the topic of how wider economic patterns standing in their home communities ch.

Indeed, the extraordinary provides tural processes, yielding a rich exploration of the fluidity in a useful foil for defining moral categories and revealing their s Chagga society. By documenting processes that range from social standing. Chapter 7 challenges depictions of the im- ern America. Mae M. Princeton: Princeton University migration act, which eliminated national origins as a ba- Press, The book University of California, Irvine concludes with a useful epilogue that takes up post events. Ngai traces the history through into the thinking of those who formulated immigration which illegal immigration and the illegal alien came to policies.

She demonstrates that at times, such individuals be the central immigration problem in the 20th, and, per- were explicitly racist. For instance, she quotes former at- haps, the 21st, centuries. Her focus is the period —65, torney general U. Webb as stating that the U. Reports written by demographers, historians, be able to immigrate at rates that exceeded those of other and other scholars circulated among policy makers and groups.

In examining this history, Ngai pays particular influenced calculations of quotas, assumptions about as- attention to the ways that numerical restrictions and similation, and so forth. Legal realism, which was both a hierarchies of racial and national desirability redefined scholarly and legal movement, contributed to the use of dis- territory and made illegal immigrants the alien other cretion within deportation policies, but only in relation to against which citizens were constituted.

These foci result European immigrants. Chapter 1 presents a fascinating discus- pines a U. Interestingly, even though immigrants were sent to Canada and then permitted to the calculations were acknowledged to be inaccurate, they reenter the United States legally. Ngai shows that law is became law and acquired an aura of factuality. Chapter 2 fo- flexible in that it can authorize such inventions, but that cuses on the ways that numerical restrictions made depor- law also must follow a certain logic: for example, the Eu- tation and border enforcement new priorities, as well as on ropean illegal immigrants actually had to leave and reen- administrative devices that permitted longtime European ter the United States to effect the legal magic of a change immigrants who were convicted of crimes to avoid deporta- in status.

The chapter on the Chinese confession program tion even as Mexican immigrants whose only crime was ille- presents a fascinating account of the ways that a paper trail gal entry were removed. Chapter 3 examines how U. Because courts ac- tories acquired from Spain through the Spanish—American cepted uncontested oral testimony regarding family rela- war were defined as something other than colonies and how tionships, legal decisions in Chinese exclusion cases actu- Filipino migrants were ambiguously positioned as U.

Becoming Interplanetary

Chapter 4 an- for subsequent entries. Chapter 5 takes policy is contested and incomplete. Not only is the state up the WWII internment of Japanese Americans to consider itself fractured but, in addition, migrants themselves exert how war time nationalism infused notions of citizenship agency. Ngai points out that Mexican bracero workers re- and alienage.

Such self-reflexivity was discouraged and the agency of individ- attention to the complexity of individual actions, whether ual informants was deliberately eclipsed from ethnographic on the part of policy makers or immigrants themselves, is accounts in the interests of structural—functionalist analy- invaluable. The early chapters in the collection reflect these influ- Finally, Impossible Subjects suggests ways that history ences although individual personalities are never entirely may, in fact, repeat itself.

As in the past, cities and states obscured. Immensely rich in data as well as the- realities. For example, Empathy and Healing: Essays in Medical and Narrative her innovative use of the term sociosomatic illness rather Anthropology. Vieda Skultans. New York: Berghahn, In this wonderfully insightful collection of essays, Skul- Some classic themes in medical anthropology are tans draws on long-term ethnographic studies in three raised in the course of these essays, including gender, trance locations—South Wales, Maharashtra, and post-Soviet states, medicalization, and religion.

That issues of representation are simultane- quintessentially social nature of these phenomena. In the ously issues of power is a recurring theme, but most appar- process she demonstrates that social, cultural, and histor- ent in the chapters that draw on her ethnographic fieldwork ical factors not only make a difference, they also make in Latvia. We see how multiple realities shape a research process, particularly when working with vulner- variety of suffering and how the latter can become a means able groups.

The relationship between psychiatry and of understanding the former. Field- ing in a psychiatric environment are especially acute. Julie Liv- be justified? Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, The way pp. The title of chapter 5, for instance, con- tures. The book contributes to African studies, history, and tains a misspelling that does not appear in the original anthropology, but it especially makes a mark on the field publication. The same word is misspelled—in yet another of comparative studies of how societies deal with those in variation—on the contents page.

I wonder about the purpose of postcolonial—as a backdrop for the more specialized this paragraph because the chapter is properly introduced agenda of health, medicine, and care for the disabled. This makes the book useful both for the uninitiated gen- These criticisms aside, I am delighted that the author eral student or scholar interested in southern African so- has chosen to republish these essays in a single volume, not ciety as well as the specialist interested in comparative least because in the region of the world where I live and study of debility and how personhood and society un- work, some of them would be difficult to access in the orig- fold in a dynamic history.

This is particularly important inal. Of more importance, combining these essays in a sin- in grasping the tremendous impact of labor migration to gle volume brings them into a temporal relationship that al- the mines of South Africa on early colonial history, and lows a valuable additional perspective to be brought to the the growing presence in all Tswana communities of those analysis—definitely a case of the whole being greater than returned miners who had been injured on the job and, the sum of its parts.

They were instead destined collection valuable, both for the issues raised as well as to lead the lives of home-bound invalids. The new cate- the questions posed. The essays would also provide an gory of the disabled bogole, in Setswana became the fo- ideal teaching resource because most of them offer a useful cus for an entire system of meaning-making and chang- combination of ethnography and theory. Over time it expanded to include other I feel the book deserves a wider readership. Researchers kinds of individuals, morphing in the postcolonial pe- and academics with an interest in narrative theory and the riod into the disability framework promoted by the World politics of identity will find much of interest here, as will Health Organization and the Botswana National Ministry of those working in fields such as social psychiatry.

In the 21st Health. The somewhat overlapping systems of among and between different genres.

Performing Kinship: Narrative, Gender, and the Intimacies of Power in the Andes / Edition 1

It details nursing care. Tswana people seek cestors. This traditional system of public health was largely to continue to frame health issues not just in empirical and undermined by colonial intrusions to chiefly roles and by individual medical terms, but within broader questions of a Christian missions that provided a substitute moral or- larger moral framework provided by Tswana medicine and der.

Postcolonial government and Western public health the public order, although a certain moral ambiguity now initiatives provided a rather different public health system. However, many moved toward a more com- soned Debility and the Moral Imagination in Botswana of- moditized and individualized medicine and continued to fers one of the best recent examples of historical stud- provide divination services as a way of understanding plen- ies of health and medicine in Africanist scholarship.

Project MUSE - Performing Kinship

It tiful misfortunes that befell people. Anyone who ness, related words, and behaviors back in time through wished to find employment in the mines needed to mea- a rich combination of methodologies that include pro- sure up to the pervasive health examinations that accom- longed fieldwork, archival research, and analytical reason- panied recruitment.

Biomedicine came to be endorsed by ing through personal subjectivities. Each of these medical systems or domains has un- ica. Lynn R. Boulder: University Press of Colorado, dergone significant change in the 20th century. The household tainable development, and how can they make use of it and family setting of debility is graphically introduced, as for their survival? Although tested visions on sustainability and parts from the idea many of the particular institutions such as rainmaking were that development discourses are the product of power abandoned, the moral framework survived in the way dis- relations, but also influence relations and distributions abled individuals remain part of the community and are of social, political and discursive power.

In this context, worthy of care. For achiev- under dictator Somoza. The former revolutionaries now ing sustainable development, all of the three should be struggle with the impact of the fall of cotton prices and en- maintained or improved over medium- or long-term peri- gage in the production of nontraditional export like shrimp. Strings of discourses on sustainable development dif- Transnational and national companies dominate the pro- fer in how they conceptualize the relationships of these duction, processing, and sale of shrimp, and they control goals, and are embedded within broader relations of power.

For The World Bank and other international financial institu- many, illegal firewood extraction becomes the only possi- tions as well as USAID and mainstream NGOs not only ble option for making a living. While NGO projects exist in define the dominant, market-focused discourse but also Miraflores, the collected data suggests that the poorest fam- align their development policies and practices accordingly.

Road construction, migration of nonindige- sustainable development stress issues of social justice and nous peoples into the territory as well as the flooding of empowerment of local communities. These positions have 80 percent of Kuna territory in the context of the construc- traditionally been advanced by activists in the South as well tion of the Bayano Hydroelectric Dam project in the s as grassroots organizations and NGOs. In the s also have affected Kuna economy and social structure pro- the World Bank started to apply a similar terminology and foundly.

After having been dispossessed of their most pro- acknowledged the high levels of inequality in Latin Amer- ductive agricultural lands, the Kuna now engage in logging ica as having negative impact on poverty reduction in the activities. Neoliberal reforms forms, state subsidies, collective land management, or debt have led to an increase of environmentally damaging activi- relief. Nevertheless, lo- discourse, pointing out a mutual, potentially positive re- cal residents are not necessarily anticapitalist but seek a lationship between economic growth and environmental more favorable inclusion in the neoliberal market econ- conservation.

Based on 18 months of fieldwork in in economic and social processes at the grassroots level and and follow-up visits until , she exam- in rural communities affected by neoliberal reforms, ines the conditions under which communities act as em- as well as the possibilities and limitations of agency of powered agents of sustainability in Nicaragua, Panama, and community members. The theoretical framing gives a Costa Rica. The selected communities are located in geo- well-structured overview of sustainable development graphically isolated regions on the border of environmen- discourses, while the recollected data illustrate how com- tally fragile zones and have a trajectory of resistance and munity members and other actors can still differ in their mobilization.

Caitrin Lynch. The latter are the subjects of the fieldwork reported in the second half of the book. On offer to interna- Workers adopted new consumption practices and new tional entrepreneurs are the purported nimble fingers and forms of dress, hygiene, and comportment, which served to docile temperaments of women from low-income coun- mark them as members of a modern workforce.

Their so- tries. On offer to the women are wages better than they cial horizons widened, even if economic opportunities re- can otherwise earn and work in dead-end, menial jobs in mained stubbornly limited. Workers nonetheless exercised workplaces where health and safety standards are minimal. Can a girl who diversity of conditions of work and social relations across sews sexy underwear and scanty tank tops for white women locales and factories.

It also pays little heed to the national remain virtuous? Innocence, modesty, reticence, and, above politics and cultural struggles that precede and follow from all, virginity remained the crucial markers of female these emerging industries. The open- same time that she documents constraints. The conundrums and Catchs in their lives. This identity Lynch opens her account by sketching the cultural work positions them somewhere between stay-at-home vil- struggles set in motion by the abrupt realignment of Sri lage girls and the tainted Juki girls.

Indeed, by eign investment and export-oriented industries, the popu- comparing themselves favorably to Juki girls, they shore lace grappled with questions of how to reconcile this new up restrictive expectations. Sinhala nationalism. Lynch argues that popular nation- More importantly, those same entailments sometimes de- alisms, idealized fictions of authentic village traditions, and railed collective actions that could lead to better treatment anxieties about shifting gender arrangements were har- and improved working conditions. Although a new book is typically free of any faults or defects, "new Ask the seller a question.

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