Most leaders just stay in motion and keep putting out the fires without thinking about what progress or lack of progress that they are making. Yet, we know that real learning from our experiences requires reflection. Until we reflect on situations looking at our own behaviors and actions, we may not develop the new insights needed that might lead us to act differently in the future. Instead of constant acceleration, we need to at times just stop and think.
Three months into the role, she realized that she was working for a very toxic leader.
The Latest Research on Student Reflection
She was extremely upset about her situation. After thinking about the whole experience, she identified the following key learnings:.
It is important to examine events and ask ourselves how they have shaped the way we see the world, others and ourselves. The act of reflection can help build our resiliency. It is proactive versus reactive thinking and helps us to do more proactive reflective thinking in the future. Harry Kraemer in a Kellogg Insight blog posed the following 8 excellent questions to reflect on daily:.
- What is Reflective Practice?!
- Critical Reflection.
- Reflect more to learn faster.
Some leaders, especially in the early stages of a new role, have found reflective journaling to be helpful. The Center for Creative Leadership in North Carolina offers some valuable guidance on how to do this. They recommend using the following format to evaluate experiences that may be shaking your equilibrium. Increasingly, we now see reflection being added to leadership competency models.
Challenge 15 – Learn-Reflect-Share
Your leadership experiences are only as valuable as what you do with them, and this requires reflection. By Rose O. After thinking about the whole experience, she identified the following key learnings: She had jumped at an opportunity without really doing the due diligence needed to assess if it was a good fit. She had been flattered that this leader would consider her for this role with very little experience.
Harry Kraemer in a Kellogg Insight blog posed the following 8 excellent questions to reflect on daily: What did I say I was going to do today in all dimensions of my life? What did I actually do today? For example, imagine you are teaching students about how neurons communicate in the human brain, a process that shares some common features with an electric power grid.
You might first ask students to reflect on things they learned in a high school physics course about how electricity is conducted by wires. Then, the professor might begin the lecture on neuronal communication. By prompting them beforehand, the professor might help them reactivate relevant knowledge and make the new material more digestible for them. The benefits of a reflective learning environment appear to be countless. At Oakland University, Elizabeth G. Allan and Dana Lynn Driscoll have been analysing how reflection can aid in assessment, student learning, and professional development.
In , researchers from the National Taiwan Normal University and Taiwan Shoufu University found that virtual, instructor-led reflection can be just as effective as face-to-face instructor-led reflection.
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The study proposed a cloud-based reflective learning environment to assist instructors and students in developing and strengthening reflection ability during and after actual course sessions. An additional experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in an industrial course. Results showed that the learning environment developed by the study was able to effectively facilitate student reflection abilities and enhance their learning motivation.
Metacognition is simply an awareness of our own thought processes, so sharing academic work with others is a natural way to spark reflection. The easiest way to encourage students to reflect metacognitively in their own time is to give them the tools to do it. Even using a simple timer can help students chunk out their work so they take a reflective break, and some programs have breaks built into the timer cycle, so that a pause from the work is guaranteed.
Another important part of meaningful reflection is applicability.
Pahamov points out that students are usually only asked to reflect at the end of a course, rather than throughout the course, and this is can hamper learning more than you would think. But if we are really seeking to take action based on our reflections, then we will likely need some help, and that means we have to own up about what needs work. Jan Herrington of the School of Education at Murdoch University studies the effects of authentic learning on student reflection.
How to Reflect on Learning for Teachers, Students, & Parents
Some of her more recent research involved students in first year university course, where social media was used to support authentic and intentional learning. Principles of authentic learning guided the design of the course, and opportunities for reflection were provided through the completion of a complex and collaborative task, a journal, and a reflective examination.
There are numerous ways to express a thought: I think, know, believe, wonder, guess, surmise, propose, consider, and so forth. There are only two ways to express a feeling: I am happy, sad, elated, confused, curious and I feel happy, sad, elated, confused, curious. Knowing the difference between thoughts and feelings leads to emotional literacy, accuracy in communication, and more expressive reflection. There are gray areas.