Desperate to recover the money, Le Chiffre kidnaps Lynd and tortures Bond, threatening to kill them both if he does not get the money back. Lynd visits Bond every day as he recuperates in hospital, and he gradually realises that he loves her; he even contemplates leaving the Secret Service to settle down with her.
When he is released from hospital they spend time together at a quiet guest house and eventually become lovers. One day they see a mysterious man named Gettler tracking their movements, which greatly distresses Lynd. The following morning, Bond finds that she has committed suicide. She leaves behind a note explaining that she had been working as an unwilling double agent for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
She had tried to start a new life with Bond, but upon seeing Gettler—a SMERSH agent—she realised that she would never be free of her tormentors, and that staying with Bond would only put him in danger. Bond informs his service of Lynd's duplicity, coldly telling his contact, "The bitch is dead now.
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Educated at Eton , Sandhurst and, briefly, the universities of Munich and Geneva , Fleming moved through several jobs before he was recruited by Rear Admiral John Godfrey , the Director of Naval Intelligence , to become his personal assistant. Fleming joined the organisation full-time in August ,   with the codename "17F",  and worked for them throughout the war. In Fleming attended an Anglo-American intelligence summit in Jamaica and, despite the constant heavy rain during his visit, he decided to live on the island once the war was over.
In this role he oversaw the paper's worldwide network of correspondents.
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His contract allowed him to take two months holiday every winter in Jamaica. Fleming had previously mentioned to friends that he wanted to write a spy novel,  but it was not until early , to distract himself from his forthcoming nuptials, that he began to write Casino Royale at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica on 17 February; he typed out 2, words in the morning, directly from his own experiences and imagination,   and finished work on the manuscript in March In May he wrote a piece for Books and Bookmen magazine in which he said: "I write for about three hours in the morning I never correct anything and I never go back to see what I have written By following my formula, you write 2, words a day.
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Back in London, Fleming had his manuscript—which he described as his "dreadful oafish opus"  —retyped by Joan Howe, his red-haired secretary at The Times on whom the character Miss Moneypenny was partly based. At first they were unenthusiastic, but were persuaded to publish on the recommendation of Fleming's older brother, Peter , an established travel writer whose books they managed. Although Fleming provided no dates within his novels, two writers have identified different timelines based on events and situations within the novel series as a whole.
John Griswold and Henry Chancellor—both of whom have written books on behalf of Ian Fleming Publications —put the events of Casino Royale in ; Griswold allows a possible second timeframe and considers the story could have taken place in either May to July , or May to July Casino Royale was inspired by certain incidents that took place during Fleming's wartime career at the Naval Intelligence Division NID , or by events of which he was aware.
Because of Portugal's neutral status, Estoril's population had been swelled by spies and agents from the warring regimes. Fleming claimed that while there he was cleaned out by a "chief German agent" at a table playing chemin de fer. Both Papen and Bond survived their assassination attempts, carried out by Bulgarians, because trees protected them from the blasts.
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Fleming also included four references in the novel to "Red Indians", including twice on the last page, which came from a unit of commandos , known as No. Fleming initially named the character James Secretan before he appropriated the name of James Bond , author of the ornithology guide, Birds of the West Indies.
Fleming decided that Bond should resemble both the American singer Hoagy Carmichael and himself,  and in the novel Lynd remarks that "Bond reminds me rather of Hoagy Carmichael, but there is something cold and ruthless. Bond's order, to be served in a deep champagne goblet , was for "three measures of Gordon's , one of vodka , half a measure of Kina Lillet. Shake it very well until it's ice-cold, then add a large thin slice of lemon peel.
Speaking of Bond's origins, Fleming said that "he was a compound of all the secret agents and commando types I met during the war",  although the author gave many of his own traits to the character. William Cook in New Statesman . Bond's superior, M, was largely based on Godfrey, Fleming's NID superior officer;  Godfrey was known for his bellicose and irascible temperament.
Fleming later said of his work, "while thrillers may not be Literature with a capital L, it is possible to write what I can best describe as 'thrillers designed to be read as literature ' ". The semiotician and essayist, Umberto Eco , in his examination of the Bond books, "The Narrative Structure of Ian Fleming", considered that Fleming "has a rhythm, a polish, a certain sensuous feeling for words.
That is not to say that Fleming is an artist; yet he writes with art. Casino Royale was written after, and was heavily influenced by, the Second World War;  Britain was still an imperial power,  and the Western and Eastern blocs were engaged in the Cold War. In parts of central London, including Oxford Street and High Holborn still had uncleared bomb sites and sweets had ceased being rationed, but coal and other food items were still regulated.
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Casino Royale deals with the question of Anglo-American relations, reflecting the real-world central role of the US in the defence of the West. Amis, in his exploration of Bond in The James Bond Dossier , pointed out that Leiter is "such a nonentity as a piece of characterization The treachery of Le Chiffre, with the overtones of a fifth column , struck a chord with the largely British readership as Communist influence in the trade unions had been an issue in the press and parliament at the time.
Benson considers the most obvious theme of the novel to be good versus evil. In light of Bond's conversation, Butterfield identifies a crisis of confidence in Bond's character, where he has "moved beyond good and evil" to the point where he does his job not because of principles, but to pursue personal battles. Black also identifies a mechanism Fleming uses in Casino Royale —and in subsequent Bond novels—which is to use the evil of his opponents both as a justification of his actions, and as a device to foil their own plans.
Black refers to the episode of the attempted assassination of Bond by Bulgarian assassins which results in their own deaths. Casino Royale was first released on 13 April in the UK as a hardback edition by publishers Jonathan Cape,  with a cover devised by Fleming. John Betjeman , writing in The Daily Telegraph , considered that "Ian Fleming has discovered the secret of the narrative art Thus the reader has to go on reading". The critic for Time magazine examined Raymond Chandler 's The Long Goodbye alongside Casino Royale ; he praised Casino Royale , saying that "Fleming keeps his incidents and characters spinning through their paces like juggling balls.
Writing for The New York Times , Anthony Boucher wrote that the book belongs "pretty much to the private-eye school" of fiction. You should certainly begin this book; but you might as well stop when the baccarat game is over. For this Americanised version of the story, Bond is an American agent, described as working for "Combined Intelligence", while the character Leiter from the original novel is British, renamed "Clarence Leiter".
The agent for Station S. Feldman represented Ratoff's widow and obtained the rights to make a film version. Casino Royale was the first James Bond novel to be adapted as a daily comic strip ; it was published in The Daily Express and syndicated worldwide. McLusky felt that Fleming's looked too "outdated" and "pre-war" and changed Bond to give him a more masculine look.
Following the adaptation, the rights to the film remained with Columbia Films until when the studio, and the rights to their intellectual property portfolio was acquired by the Japanese company Sony. This led to Eon Productions making the film Casino Royale. Casino Royale is a reboot ,  showing Bond at the beginning of his career as a agent and overall stays true to the original novel.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Casino Royale. James Bond is the culmination of an important but much-maligned tradition in English literature. His genius was to repackage these antiquated adventures to fit the fashion of postwar Britain In Bond, he created a Bulldog Drummond for the jet age. Ian Fleming Publications state that it was "in not much more than two months",  while the academic Jeremy Black writes that it was on 18 March Ian's are the only modern thrillers with built-in commercials. Ian Fleming Publications. Retrieved 15 January The Independent on Sunday.
The New Yorker. New Statesman. The National Interest 70 : — The Atlantic Monthly. The Guardian. The Manchester Guardian.
The Times Literary Supplement. The Listener. The Times.
The New York Times. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 20 January Retrieved 21 January British Film Institute. Retrieved 19 January IGN Entertainment, Inc. The Journal of Popular Culture. Retrieved 11 June Amis, Kingsley The James Bond Dossier. London: Pan Books. Barnes, Alan; Hearn, Marcus Kiss Kiss Bang! The story has all the classic elements of a spy story, the back drop of the cold war, the idea of agents and double agents and of course ruthless villains who will stop at nothing to get what they want.
Despite all the classic elements I found this to be a rather dry novel that lacked emotional impact. Marco rated it it was amazing Sep 16, Eric rated it really liked it Jun 01, Andrew rated it liked it Aug 29, Tavey rated it it was amazing Mar 05, Natasha rated it it was ok Jan 08, Gerry Keirnan rated it really liked it Mar 11, Tim Riddle rated it really liked it Sep 10, Guillermo Acevedo added it Jun 30, SandraQ marked it as to-read Sep 05, Javi added it Oct 31, Jr added it Jan 02, Dave added it Jan 25, HJP marked it as to-read Feb 19, Sara marked it as to-read Oct 02, Meredith added it Aug 23, Angie P.
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