Read more. News and Blog News, blogs, happenings from in and around the network. Browse all. Home About the Movement About the movement Read more. Juan is a biologist, activist, facilitator, educator and researcher for sustainability. He has more than 10 years experience as a trainer for transition and sustainable communities, including inner transition, participatory tools and online formats.
He has worked in different countries of Europe, Latin America and Asia, and is one of the pioneers in bringing and adapting the concept of Transition to the Spanish Speaking world. The first describes the navigation and geography of the Amazon basin, which Fritz had traversed. Fritz explains that the Jesuits control 39 villages in the province of Quito with 16 missionaries; 23 of these were under the care of Fritz himself. However, these results were not without a cost—the travel between villages was dangerous and exhausting, and several missionaries had lost their lives due to the climate or at the hands of indigenous peoples.
On the map itself, geographic place names are joined by ethnographic labels. Interestingly, and in line with the message of the other decorative elements, there is a Jesuit IHS symbol slightly left of center of the map. The symbol has rays radiating from it just as in the coat of arms. These rays touch the areas of Jesuit activity in the upper Amazon basin, including especially those areas where Fritz himself worked.
Overall, and as Loureiro Dias has pointed out, the map seems to argue for more support for the Jesuit missionaries of the Spanish empire, particularly as they are located so close to the disputed border region with the Portuguese Empire farther east. Early Mapping of the Amazon River Basin.
Some of these maps were made by explorers, but most were made by three groups: cosmographers, engineers, and the Jesuits.
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Using information sent from the colonies, these intellectuals compiled small-scale maps of Spanish imperial holdings and wrote treatises on colonial history and geography, a limited number of which were published. A second group of mappers were military engineers. After sustaining attacks from pirates and privateers, and particularly after the marauding circumnavigation of Francis Drake in , the Spanish Crown rushed to fortify its colonial holdings.
Trained engineers were sent to the edges of empire to construct forts and defenses, resulting in many plans and maps. The final group of mappers, the Jesuits, are the most important for the Amazon basin. The Jesuit order was founded by Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman, and gained papal approval in By the late seventeenth century, they were known for being a learned order underwritten by their rigorous curriculum, the ratio studiorum , which included cosmography and cartography.
It is likely Fritz gained his cartographic skill while studying for the priesthood. Once in their postings, these priests were the first to map various parts of the interior of South America. It is important to mention that many of the Jesuit maps would have been impossible without the indispensable contributions of their indigenous collaborators and informants. From the sixteenth century, the Amazon had been shown as a vast yet undefined river. Many maps included the variously sized Lake Parime, as does this map, which was part of the El Dorado myth.
The Treaty of Tordesillas supposedly set the boundary line at leagues west of Cape Verde, leaving the Portuguese only a sliver of eastern South America. However, expeditions up the Amazon River pushed Portuguese holdings far into the interior. The Spanish urged missionaries to spread their work from the Maynas region east toward the Rio Negro. Fritz, sent to the Amazon in , was one of the missionaries to carry out this plan of Portuguese containment. He joined the Society of Jesus in He had already studied philosophy and humanistic subjects and received additional training in natural sciences while preparing for the priesthood.
Beginning in , he traveled from Prague to Genoa to Seville and then across the Atlantic to Cartagena. He then travelled overland to Quito where he received his missionary assignment from the superior of the province. In , Fritz began his work, which was to spread Catholicism to the peoples between the River Napo and the Rio Negro, a vast area kilometers in length. The primary indigenous group in this area were the Omagua, which is written in large letters across this expanse on the map. In three years, Fritz travelled extensively within this territory and made many contacts.
During this time, Fritz completed the first of four surviving maps attributed to him. It shows the region of his missionary activity, that between the rivers Napo and Negro. This map was most likely for internal Jesuit use and accompanied a report written by Fritz about his progress. The map was sent to the Jesuit headquarters in Rome, from where it was lent to the International Missionary Exhibition in the Vatican and never returned and apparently lost. In , Fritz fell ill, probably with malaria.
The fan in the main room did not work. If it was cleaned properly it would be a great spot and I would recommend it. Apartment dirty on arrival, particularly the bathroom - lots of black hair behind door and in the shower. Beds were like concrete. No iron. Apartment 6 needs updating. No air con. Central location. Well equipped kitchen. No internet, could not use swimming pool as it was an ice bath, beds extremely hard and uncomfortable, no oven, no iron Gives you the excuse that there is a breakdown of service by Vodafone.
All further inquiries and messages remained unanswered. In the meantime, internet works throughout the island at various establishments. Cala Galdana is a very long beach on the southern side more touristy and less clean sea. About people on the beach, you have to swim zigzag between the row of yachts and boats constantly obstructing the cove to get to cleaner water.
The water is shallow for about m from shore, maybe good for children, but it's muddy even on a good day the southerly wind brings dirt, the northerly cleans up. On top of that, it is clogged with water toys and pedalinos. To really enjoy your stay, you must rent a boat or car to visit around - the adjacent Cala Mitjana is the only one you can walk to 2. And even then, it's overcrowded, a pin has nowhere to drop.
Most coves worth seeing are reachable only by boat or a very long trek in 40 C heat. Even in the good ones, the sea is full of jellyfish, because the huge yachts and climate change have driven away the animals that eat jellyfish turtles, dolphins, etc. Everything is very expensive, not like Spain. It would be worth it if the sea were clean and things more accessible, but it is not. We had a good time on this holiday, mostly because we rented a car and did our own thing, and went on boat trips to the north. The people are nice and you can learn a lot if you are interested.
Overall, though, you can have a much better beach holiday on any Greek island for 4 times less money. The apartment is very nice, lovely rooms and balcony and well-equipped kitchen. A 5 min walk to beach, cafes and shops. Internet very very poor!! Great location and facilities. Apartment could do with either air conditioning or fans in the kids room and main room as it gets quite hot at night and the only way to keep cool is to open all the windows.
However, not the apartments fault itself, but the location in a valley means that sound travels easily late at night so you can clearly hear music and the few louder people out til early hours - so you need to close the windows to shut out the noise sometimes. As mentioned, the barbecue is great but there were not any barbecue tools which made cooking difficult. Washing machine no on off buttons couldn't get working. White laminate floor not rearly good ideas looks cheap. Sorry for being blunt but you asked. Nice belcany view.
There is no air conditioning, there is air fun in main bedroom.
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Bedsheets were changed 1 time during 9 days but cleaning lady only changed top sheet and not bottom sheet so some sand was still on lower bedsheet. Location is onbe of the best and closest to the sea. Error: Please enter a valid email address. Error: Sorry. An error has occurred. We've sent you an email so you can complete your subscription. Invite hosts List your property. We have more than 70 million property reviews, and they're all from real, verified guests. The only way to leave a review is to first make a booking. That's how we know our reviews come from real guests who have stayed at the property.
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These represent quality ratings based on factors including facilities, size, location and service. Close to beach Great parking facility John, United Kingdom. A 5 min walk to beach, cafes and shops Si, Netherlands. Casa de banho, varanda e sala Mourasantos, Portugal. Excellent location! Highly rated for: Nearby beaches. Apartamentos El Rio Reserve now.
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Si Netherlands. Andrew United Kingdom. Trevor United Kingdom. Ana United Kingdom. Mourasantos Portugal. Elena Spain. Guests can also relax on the sun terrace. The nearest airport is Menorca Airport, 23 miles from the apartment. Show me more. What would you like to know? Enter your feedback I already have a booking with this property Submit. Thank you for your time Your feedback will help us improve this feature for all of our customers Close.
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