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Retz and La Rochefoucauld, the greatest of the Frondeurs in literary genius, were personal and political enemies, and each has left a portrait of the other. La Rochefoucauld's character of the cardinal is on the whole harsh but scarcely unjust, and one of its sentences formulates, though in a manner which has a certain recoil upon the writer, the great defect of Retz's conduct: "Ila suscite les plus grands desordres dans l'etat sans avoir un dessein forme de s'en prevaloir.

They were certainly not written till the last ten years of his life, and they do not go further than the year They are addressed in the form of narrative to a lady who is not known, though guesses have been made at her identity, some even suggesting Madame de Sevigne herself. In the beginning there are some gaps. They display, in a rather irregular style and with some oddities of dialect and phrase, extraordinary narrative skill and a high degree of ability in that special art of the 17th century-the drawing of verbal portraits or characters.

Few things of the kind are superior to the sketch of the early barricade of the Fronde in which the writer had so great a share, the hesitations of the court, the bold adventure of the coadjutor himself into the palace and the final triumph of the insurgents. Dumas, who has drawn from this passage one of his very best scenes in Vingt ans apres, has done little but throw Retz into dialogue and amplify his language and incidents. Besides these memoirs and the very striking youthful essay of the Conjuration de Fiesque, Retz has left diplomatic papers, sermons, Mazarinades and correspondence in some considerable quantity.

He was one of the leaders of the aristocratic rebellion known as the Fronde —53 , whose memoirs remain a classic of 17th-century French literature. He had some speculative tendencies in favour of popular liberties, and even perhaps of republicanism, he represented no real political principle, inevitably weakened his position, and when the break up of the Fronde came he was left in the lurch, having more than once in the meanwhile been in no small danger from his own party. By unanimous consent his physical appearance was not that of a soldier.

He was short, near-sighted, ugly and exceptionally awkward. Cardinal, Archbishop. Back to Profile. Photos Works. Main Photo. Jean Gondi. School period Add photo. Career Add photo. Achievements Add photo. Membership Add photo. Awards Add photo. Other Photos Add photo. Connections Add photo. More photos. View map. Born September 29, Montmirail, Brie, France. It is a record of events from to the death of Edward III.

It is believed that he lived to the close of , but the date of his death is uncertain. What a vivid picture he presents of the external aspects of fourteenth century life, what a joy he has in adventure, what an eye for the picturesque, what movement, what colour. But genius was needed to preserve the animation of their recitals. Le Quiadrilogue, sur le faict de la Guerre. XVth Century. His fame was great, and as a writer of prose he must be remembered with honour, both for his patriotic ardour, and for the harmonious eloquence modelled on classical examples ' in which that ardour found expression.

In he wrote his prose ' Quadrilogue Invectif,' in which suffering France implores the nobles, the clergy and the people to show some pity for her miserable state. If Froissart had not discerned the evils of the feudal sys- tem, they were patent to the eyes of Alain Chartier. In this great work Alain Chartier endeavoured to wake the dormant porfjriotigm of all classes in France. Le Livre dies Vices et des Vertus. It is a well-eomposed exposition of the Christian Doctrine, con- taining. Part of its contents has become familiar to us through the Canterbury discourse of Chaucer's parson.

It enjoyed a wide popularity in the 14th and 15th centuries, being translated into Dutch and English, editions being printed by Cax:ton, Wynkyn de Worde and Pynson. The first printed edition of this work in the original French was published in by Verard. With Miniatures of Heaven and Hell. Opening] Le Roman de la Kose. Illuminated IManuscript in French on vellum. With 42 miniatures. About a. See Item No.

About The miniatures of our manuscript resemble, as regards the remarkable borders, the preliminary miniatures of certain MSS. List op Miniatures. The author, in a black habit, wearing over it a purple gown trimmed with gold and lined with white silk, with a black cap on his head, is seated in a magnificently carved wooden armchair, writing with a quill pen on a long sheet of vellum, half folded on a carved wooden writing desk. His study is a magnificent room with seats, book-stands and shelves, and contains gaily-covered books.

Through an open window is seen a landscape, with castles, meadows, forests, a church, a river and the blue haze of mountains. Saint Michael, in golden armour under which he wears a blue coat of chain mail, is appearing to " Faith " and " Lady Church " Dame Eglise , behind each of these is an Attendant with Emblems. The Baptism of Saint Jerome.

On the right half of the miniature is his birth chamber; his mother Theodora is reclining in bed, attended by three women. On the left is the baptism, while in the background a woman is drying sheets before a fire. Saint Jerome on horseback attended by his lion with an array of finely-dressed attendants is riding in a forest, superintending the building of a church and monas- tery; this illustrates Saint Jerome's Life in the Desert. The death of Saint Jerome in his cell. Lying on a bed of straw and surrounded by six kneeling and praying monks, all dressed in black robes and with shaven crowns, Stv Jerome is seen dying, an open book by his side, a lighted candle is nearly burnt out, and his lion bears a resigned and mournful visage; St.

Jerome has a long white beard and a handkerchief tied round his head, and is awaiting the end, "his arms crossed over his bare chest. The painting of the facial expressions on the faces of St. Jerome and the praying monks is a masterpiece. L'Arbre des Batailles.

Honore Bonet lived from about to Everything had to be expressed in allegories. The above work is not a romance, as Brunei calls it, but a treatise on the origin and rights of war, giving interesting sidelights on the feudal period. Interesting questions on the military art and the ethics of war are discussed. In one of the chapters are mentioned the wars between the Red and White Roses in Loinbardy, and between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. At the end of the work are numerous chapters dealing with combat in Champ Clos in tourneys. Occult Manuscript. XVIIth Century. During the Revolution the tombs and other objects of art were removed, pillaged, or destroyed, and the royal dust thrown to the winds.

The red banner, or oriflame, of St. Denis became the banner of the French kings. The plain of St. Denis was the scene, , of a sanguinary battle, when the Constable of Montmorency perished on the field. About i;6o. London, W. La Loy; Salique. Les Journauix sous la Commune du 1 8 Mars au 24 Mai 1 87 1. With Plan of Paris and Portraits. Paris, Bonhiol, the Publicist. The notes which follow the articles cannot be attributed to any pen less skilled than that of Maxime Ducamp, the celebrated author of Convulsions de Paris. This Review concludes with the manu- script reproduction of a series of historic documents on this period jabsolutely unknown by bibliographers.

Plate III. With 9 large Miniatures. France, about a. Plate IV. Books Printed before A. Parisy Groulleau, The gallant achievements of courtly knights, their mystical and platonic loves, were a delight to Francis I. Thus for the first time the literature of Spain reached France. With woodcuts. Antzverpy Guillaume Silvius, 1 Tresor de tous les livres d'Amadis de Gaul. Roman letter. Lyons y Huguetan, Mutio Vitelleschi.

Fatiher Andrade was the first European, after Marco Polo, to penetrate into that country. Conduit Street, London, W. Post 8vo, full levant morocco, g. Paris, chez Denys du-Val, This work is the same as the " Oneirocritica " of Achmet. Recuell de plusieurs machines Militaires et feux artifi- ciels pour la Guerre et Recreation; avec 1' alphabet de Trittennius par laquelle chacun qui sgait escrire pent composer congruement en latin : Aussi le moyen d'escrire la nuict a son amy absent. Small 4to, half calf. Pont-a-Mousson, Lyons, Nicolas Gay, Relation Jouirnaliere du Voyage du Levant faict et decrit par haut et puissant Seigneur Henry de Beauvau, revieu, augmentde et enrichy par I'autheur de pourtraicts des lieux les plus remarquabfes.

With 7nany engravings. Nancy, far Jacob Garnich, With over 40 cuts of birds, flants, animals, views, etc. Black Letter, text in paragraphs, in double columns, 61 lines to a full column. Head-lines give name of book, chapter number, and leaf number, with occasionally a short subject heading, margins contain sub- ject headings, references and notes. Neufchdtel, Pierre de W ingle, Olivetan was born at Noyan, in Picardy, in , and was a kinsman of J. At the Conference of Angrogne in Pied- mont September, , the delegates urged the necessity of preparing a revision of the French Bible, based on thQ original texts.

In seeking a fit translator the reformers' choice fell on Olivetan, a competent Hebrew and Greek scholar, who accepted the task only after the repeated solicitation of leaders like Farel and Viret. To Olivetan is due the introduction of the French " L'Eternel " as an equivalent for the name of God. An exhaustive study has ibeen made by lEi. In the Old 'Testament Olivetan's version is practically a new translation. This is shown in a marked manner in the Psalter, which is here based on the Hebrew text.

There seems no proof that Calvin collaborated with Olivetan in the original work of translation; he contributed, however, a Latin preface and an introduction to the New Testament-. Olivetan's Amanuensis, Bonaventure des Periers, subsequently achieved fame as author of famous French books. He was a courtier of Margnerite Queen of Navarre, wliose Heptameiron is s. Calvin in a well-known passage placed him in the same category as Rabelais and others. Pierre de Wingle had formerly been a printer at Lyons, but having displeased the ecclesiastical authorities by producing certain German books he was obliged to fly to Geneva and thence to Neufchatel, where he found a refuge and became one of the leading citizens.

His greatest achievement was the printing of this noble folio Bible. The cost of publication appears to have been borne entirely or in part by the Vaudois, who contributed Crowns to the expense. The initial letters of the words in the ten lines of acrostic verse printed on the last page yield the follow- ing couplet : — " Les Vaudois, peuple evangelique, Onit ,miis ce thresoir en publique.

In its later form, as the French Geneva version, it influenced still more strongly the English Geneva Bible. Livre tres utile et subtil pour scavoir et cognoistre d'une et chascune couleur la vertu et Propriete.

Ensemble la maniere de blasonner de dictes couleurs, etc. Lettres batardes. Four large woodcuts and several small ones, the cuts of the charges heraldically coloured by hand. Paris, four Pierre le Brodeulx, Chrontqiies d'AnjOUi. Hystoire agregative des Annalles at cronicques daniou contenant le commencement et origine. On les vend a Angiers en la boutique de Charles de boingne et Clement alexandre marchans libraires.

Folio, I'jth century French calf, gilt back. Paris y A. Couteau, for G. Alex- andre of Angers, First Edition. La Nef des Fals du Monde. Folio, old calf, gilt back, Paris [Felix Baligault , for J. Proctor Sebastian brant. The woodouts are of greut interest, the varieties of humajn folly beLng' portrayed -with much humour, ojtid introducing, amongst, either things, repres'ontations of trades and occupations of tlhe period. La grant voyage de Hierusalem tivis6 en deux parties. En la premiere est traicte des peregrinations de la saincte cite de Hierusalem.

Du Mont Saincte Katherine de Sinay et autres lieux sanctz avec les a, b, c, des lettres Grecques, Caldees, Hebraiques et Ara- bicques, avec aucuns langaiges des turcz translatez en frangois. Des guerres des Turcz et Tartarins, La Prinse de Constantinople, du siege de Rhodes, la prinse de Grenade, avec I'hystoire de Sophie, les guerres et batailles entre le grant Turc et le grant Souldan faictes depuis nagueres. Le Chemin et Voyage de Romme avec les stations des eglises ou sont les grands Pardons.

Black Letter. Title in red and black. Two parts in i volume. Paris, -pour Franqois Regnault, 20 mars, Title and SOme preliminary leaves wormed. In this work are given the two letters from Pietro Pasquaglio giving an account of Caspar Cortereal's exploration of the coasts of Labrador. L'Advocat ctes Femmes, ou de leur Fidelite et Con- stance. Dialogue du Sieur Christophie Bronzini d'Ancone, contre les medisans de ce temps. Traduit d'ltalien en Frangois.

Les Oeuvres contenant les fantasies, imaginations et paradoxes, et autres discours comiques. Reveu et augmente pax I'autheur. Rouen, Paris, Robert Etienne, Title printed in red and black, and bookseller's woodcut device on title with the words " Vogue la galere. Paris, Pierre Yidone for Galliot du Pre, Around Francis I. On the suggestion of Guillaume Bude he ejidowed professorships of Hebrovv, Greek and Latin, to -which were added these of medicine, mathematics, and philosophy , and in this projected foundation of the College de France an important step was made towards the secularization of learned studies.

Bude was a great patron of Rabelais. The Encyclopaedia of Thieving. Le Caurtesan, Roman letter, title within woodcut border, every page surrounded by woodcut border, and a ivoodcut of a scribe. Lyons, Frangois Juste, Premiere Edition. Large folio, liinf vellum. A Franckfurt en la boutique de la Jan Norton, 5.

This edition of is in three books. The first book deals chiefly with the use of water power and the ways and means employed in pumping water to a height. The second deals with the design and working of fountains, and the third with the invention of Organs and Hydraulic Machines. Of marked interest is one plate representing a house on fire and an old hand pump in use. Even at this early date a jet of water 40 feet high could be thrown on to the burning building.

Small thick 8vo, old vellum. Le recueil OU orotiiques des hystoires ctes royaulmes d'austrasie, ou f ranee orient ale dite a present lor ray ne, De hierusalem, de Cicile, Et de la duche de bar; ensemble des sainctz contes et euesques de toulx; contenant sept livres tant en latin que en francoys. Lettres batardes, 34 zvoodcuts. Small folio, calf. Remarkable for its contents and for its illustrations. First Edition, with the words printed at foot of title " Venundantur apiid Nanceium.

The title-page is in both French and Latin, with a email initial L. On the verso of the next leaf is a cut of the author presenting the book. Near the end of the volume is a fresh title-page to the Ordre de Chevalerie, on verso being a large and remarfoable out oif a mounted kaight, with his Arms?

The woodcuts are remarkable, some of them being in a style much earlier than the book. The first one is in two compartments, one having a solid black background. Large woodcut device of the pijiters on title-page. No copy in U. It has many points of resemblance with the " Le Livre de Saigesse," which was a kind of extract from tihe " Somme des Vertus " of Brother Laurent.

Against Lutheran Books. Ordonnanoe in French of the Emperor Charles V. Black Letter, 8vo, calf, inside dentelles, g. Plate V. The Miniature of "" Heaven " from " Le Cordial. Illuminated Manuscript on vellum in French. Plate VI. Jerome " from Jkkome. With 5 full-page Miniatures. Les Falz Maistre Alain Charetier. Les Faitz, Dictes et Ballades.

Black Letter, double columns, woodcut initial letters, first letter illuminated in gold and colours, large grotesque woodcut initial on the. Folio, dark blue morocco gilt, luith f lemons on sides, gilt panel back, with doublure s of yellow morocco, by Trautz Bauzonnet. Paris, Pierre Le Car on about Very few books by this printer are known; lie used Verard's device, with Verard's name cut out and his own inserted. The above, a very fine copy the last leaf is slightly repaired , belonged formerly to L.

Double, P. Desq, and Firmin-Didot.

His first work composed in , the Livre des Quatre Dames, is in ver. Many of his other poems were composed as a distraction from the public troubles of tlie time; the title of one widely celebrated in its own day. In he wrote 'his prose Quadrilogue Invectif, in which isuffering France implores the nobles, the clergy, the people, to show some pity for her miserable state. If Froissart had not discerned the evils of the feudal system they were patent to the eyes of Alain Chartier.

His Livre de I'Esperance, where the oratorical prose is interspersed with lyric verse, spares neither the clergy nor the frivolous and dissolute gentry, who forget their cliity to their country in Wanton self-indulgence; yet his last work, written at the moment when Joan of Arc was leaving the pastures for battle, is one of hope. His Curial The Courtier , in alter- nate prose and verse, is a satire on the vices of the court by one who had acquain- tance with its corruption. The large, harmonious phrase of Alain Chartier was new to French prose, and is hardly heard again until the seventeenth century.

Jn this work a genealogy follows of the Kings of France since Saint Louis, together with a woodcut genealogy shewing the descent of Edouart de Vuidezore Windsor , King: of Engrljand. Nouvelle- ment imprimees reveues et corrigiees oultre les precedents impressions. Roman letter, title printed in red and black, with the printer's mark on title of Galliot Du Pre. The present volume commences with what is perhaps his best known work, " Lo Curial," in alternate prose and verse, giving a description of the Life of the Courtier. In the " Quadrilogue " he endeavours tio awake dormant patriotism in a dialogue between France, the people, the chevalier and clergy.

All these and the other works in the volume are in verse with some prose interspersed. Nouvellement traduit de langage Italien en Francois. Par Jean Martin. Roman letter, 45 long lines to a full page. With superb woodcuts drawn by a French artist who ivas inspired by the remarkable woodcuts of the Aldine edition of Folio, co7ttemporary calf, rebacked. Paris, L. These read from the beginning of the book to the end give Poliam Frater Franciscus Columna Peramavit. This Polia is supposed to be Lucretia Lelio, daughter of a lawyer at Treviso, at which place the work was finished May 1, The interest, however, lies in the beautiful and numerou's woodcuts with which the narrative is adorned, introducing mythological subjects, amatory emblems, symbols of reproduction and fertility, more or less veiled, inclusive of those purely phallic which usually are found mutilated but in this copy are perfect.

There are several architectural subjects of much beauty. These illustrations are freely adapted from the original Italian designs it is supposed by J. Gougon or J Cousin , and number about There is a remarkable woodcut title with figures of aatyrs land amorini; goats' heads, tortoises, fruit, etc. Fairfax Murray. Nouvellement traduit de langage Italien en Frangois. Folio, co7itemforary calf , re faired. Paris, Marin M as selin, 22nd December , for Kerver, A remarkably tall copy in the original binding. Hypnerotomaahie, ou Discours du Songe de' Polipfitle, deduisant comme Amour le combat a 1' occasion de Polia.

Pencheon Collection

Soubz la fic- tion de quoy Taucteur monstrant que toutes choses terrestres ne sont que vanite, traite de plusieurs matieres profitables et dignes de memoire. Nouvellement traduict de langage Italien en Frangois. Boldly printed in Roman letter, 45 long lines to a page. With beautiful woodcuts. Folio, old gilt calf. Paris, Kerver, The beautiful French woodcuts in this edition are free imitations of the Italian woodcuts in the edition.

La rochefoucauld (oxf) by Bouvard - Issuu

The French artist has treated his original with much freedoaii. In this edition is a note on back of title by Jacques Gohorry, giving the name of the autlhor. Laquelle Confession de Foy ils publient maintenant expressement, afin que tous hommes craig- nans Dieu en puissent juger. Geneva, Black Letter, with large printer's device on title-page.

Paris, Pierre le Dru, for Jehan Petit, TSvo works in one volume, red morocco, gilt, sides entirely covered with -fleur-de-lys, inside dentelles, g. With fine portrait of Henry IV. Paris, Federic Morel, 1 Histoire Admirable des Plantes et Herfoes Esmenreill' ables et miraculeuses em nature; mesmes d'aucunes qui sont vrays Zoo- phyts ou plantes animales, plantes et animaux tout ensemble pour avoir vie vegitative sensitive et animale. With numerous fine full-page woodcuts. Paris, Nicolas Buon, From the library of De Cayral, Commissaire des Guerres.

Plate Vll. Vie, Mort et Miracles. Illuminated Manuscript in French on vellum. Paris, about Plate VIII. First French Edition. Device on title. Paris, G. Numerous woodcuts and diagrams. Small 8vo, original vellum. Title within woodcut border, numerous other woodcuts. Les Menus Propos. In verse, printed on vellum, in lettres batardes. A portion only, comprising 60 leaves, with the beginning and end, also a leaf inserted at.

Svo, full brown morocco, tooled in blind with panels of a floral design, g. Paris, Gilles Couteau, December 31, Lettres batardes, double columns, 41 lines to a full page. Title-page printed in red and black. With numerous fine woodcuts. Paris, Alain Lortain, N. There are also a large number of fine woodcut initials, white on a solid black ground. The title is followed by pages of Remedies classified according to the location of diseases, from tfte head downwards, a page and a half being devoted to the Spleen.

The Editor seems to have been slightly in advance of his predecessors in the matter of popular beliefs, for he modifies the usual statement in regard ta the Mandrake having two sexes, but a ,woodcut of the female plant appears, probably in deference to tradition. There is an interesting chapter on soa'p of different kinds, Saracen, Jewish and French, and its ingTediewts. Black Letter, with numerous charming full-page woodciUs and wood- cut borders to every page. Ruled throughout. Paris y Kerver, igth June, Bound in contejn-porary French binding of dark brown calf fuUy tooled with gilt arabesques and the words on sides " Charles Heustache, Claude Diarde.

Printed on vellum in lettres batardes, 21 long lines to a full oage, leaves. With 21 large and 34 small cuts, each -page within borders of Biblical scenes, hunting scenes, the dance of death, etc. Black Letter, 30 long lines to a full page, every page printed within borders. Royal 8vo, morocco, blind stamped and gilt, inside dentelles, g. Paris, Guillaume Go dart 15 Lacombe Brunet Roman letter, printed in red and black, luith numerous ivoodcuts, large and small, many within beautiful borders.

Paris, Madelaine B our sette, Black Letter, Printed in red and black, ruled in red. With numer- ous fiJte full-page woodcuts and 7nany smaller woodcuts and initial letters 8vo. Devote conjtemiplation de ia divinite de nostre doiilx redemptenir in verse. Le mirouer de la passion nostre siegneur verse and prose. Les Quinze Oraisons S. Brigide, etc. La vie de Madame Saincte Marguerite. Extraict de plusieurs sainctz Docteurs les propositions, dictz, et sentences contenant les graces du Saorament de rAuitel, etc.

Instruction and maniere de vivre pour une femme seculiere. Les Recomnenoaces des trespassez, The Annual Missionary Letters. Tiree des Lettres escrites es annees jusques a Addressee au R. Muito Vitelleschi, General de la Compagnie de Jesus. Cochin China, etc. Tiree des letres ecrites et adressees au R. Mutio Viteleschi, General de la Compagnie de Jesus.

Traduite de Tltalien en Frangois par un Pere de la mesme Compagnie. Svo, calf. Paris, Cramoisy, Et de la Chine, en I'annee , jus- ques en Feburier de Avec une brief ue narration du voyage que s'est fait au Royaume de Tunquim nouvellement descouvert. Tirees des lettres adressees au R. Pere General de la Compagnie de Jesus. Traduites de ritaJien en Francois par un Pere de la mesme Compagnie. Svo, half hound, Paris, Cramoisy , Mutio Vite- leschi, General de la Compagnie de Jesus.

Traduite de I'ltalien en Fran-. Small 8vo, wrappers. Roman letter, double columns, with woodcuts. RoueUy Veuve de Louys Caste, Roy de France. With a fine impression of the portrait of Joan of Arc. Orleans, i6c6. Description de la Court du Grand Turo, Solimans fai- sant son seiour en Constantinople, avec la maniere des Vestemens de ceux de sa Suite. Folded to folio, and preserved in a buckram lettered portfolio He settled at Constantinople, where he painted scenes of Turkish Life. He died in Brussels in Post 8vo, old French calf, gilt, m. Avertissement du commerce faict sur le Debvoir de Taumosne des Pauvres.

Traite du commerce parlant des procez et chiquaneries. Le sixiesme traicte du Commerce, sur Tabus de la cherte des vivres et denrees: par- lant d'aucuns Maires et Escheuins, Fermiers tant du vin que du sel, douanes, etc. Title printed in red and black. Black Letter, printer's mark. Paris, Galliot Du Pre, L' Silight repair to blank margin of title. La vraie hystoire du Prince Syach Ysmail, dit Sophy. Black letter, with numerous woodcuts and printer's device some coloured. Paris, de Marnef, Black Letter, double columns, with numerous woodcuts and -printer' s devices.

Lyons, Jacques Mareschal, The next two cuts are very remarkable and are fuLl-page; one representing a femalie Saint in a boat, with St. Peter at the helm; the other representing three mythical personages, one prob- ably Hercules holding a shield, bearing the lion rampant, with axe in his paws , another perhaps Juno; the central figure, half woman half serpent, probably repre- senting Melusine in allusion to the origin of the family of Rohan. On the verso of the second cut is one of La France, enthroned with her feet on Maleur and embrac- ing le Populaire, and Noblesse, in the persons of children, the two latter playing musical instruments.

There are numerous other interesting woodcut illustrations. Black Letter, double columns, numerous woodcuts, title within wood- cut border. Paris, Frangois Regitault, King Louis XII. When he attacked Venice the poets in his pay had to compose ballads for the purpose of exciting public opinion, such as " The Lamentation of Venice," " The Complaint of Venice," and even Italian pamphlets.

In the same way when in Pope Julius II. This time he was in all the greater need of propaganda, as the Pope had it in his power to influence the King's own subjects. Louis XII. The author was historiographer to the Queen, and in view of Anne of Brittany's great attachment to the Pope, great weight was to be attached to his works.

This was the origin of the above treatise. Jean Le Maire, to excite the interest of the reader, added several small tracts on the Shah of Persia, or Sophy, on the pilgrimage to Palestine, and finally a short poem entitled " Le Blazon des Veniciens. Historiale Description de I'Afrlque, Tierce partie du monde.

Les caractères (dont «Les caractères» de Théophraste)

With woodcut. Antwer-p, Plantin, Philosofihie d'Amour de M. Leon Hebreu traduicte d' Italian! With woodcut border on title, text ruled ijt red. Lyons, He accompanied his father, Isaac Abravanel, wlien the latter went to Spain and afterwards to Naples, and became physician in ordinary to the Spanish Captain-General Gonsalvo de Cordova..

Thence he went to Genoa, and later to Venice, where he finally settled. His most important work, " The Dialogues of Love, written about , was published in Eome in The lofty platonic spirit with which it is endued made it very popular. In the space of 20 years it went throug! Discours sur les Medalles et Graveures antiques, prin- cipalement Romaines. Patisson, au logis de Robert Estienne, Only Copy Known. Italic letter, with dainty woodcut on title and 5 other dainty wood- cuts. Paris, Nicolas Buffet, A remarkable early French poem on table manners in rhyming verse, written for the use of students at the University of Paris.

It commences : — " Nons enseignons par sens notable Les Meurs qu'il fault garder a table Si qu'a vertu tu estudies, Apres cela a ton Regent et Maistre Tu doibs honneur, le recognoistre comme pere et ses dictz entendre de bon couraige sans contendre. It continues Retiens bien mon enseignement Sort ton vestement sans ordure Face lavee, la main pure, Et garde qu' a ton nez ne pende Quelque goutte, je te comma nde Ne laivsse tes ong.

Je tadmonneste s'il advient que frotes ta teste, de tuer, les pucee n'attente n'a gratter ta taigne nuysante. Publiez a Rouen, Thick i2mo, original calf gilt. Histoire die la Navigation aux Indes Oiien- tales. Contenant diverses descriptions des lieux jusques a present descou verts par les Portugais.

Pars 2. Avec description des Costes, Havres, Isles, Vents, et courants d'eaux, etc. Pars 3. Item de Testendue et distance des lieux, de la fertilite et abondance du pays, religion et coustumes des habitans, et autres Particularitez. With engraved title, portrait, and numerous folding mafs, flans, and other plates.

Thick folio, original calf, rebacked. Amsterdajn, Lettres batardes, double columns of 43 lines with printer's device of Guillaume Eustace on title-page, and 86 Lyonnese spirited woodcuts. Title in facsimile. Small folio, red morocco, stain fed in blind y inside dentelles by Hardy. Firmin-Didot copy. Claudin dates this edition , but the compiler of the Fairfax Murray Catalogue believes that it was really printed about The first page of text has a large woodcut in two compartments. The cutting of the woodcuts shows a nascent Frendh style disengaging itself from German conventions.

The draughtsman showed a great ambition to surpass the technique of his predecessor. It is indeed no single achievement, but two very remarkable poems, written at two different periods, by two autihors whose characters and gifts were not only alien, but opposed — two poems which reflect two different conditions of society. Of its twenty-two thousand octo-syllabic lines, upwards of four thousand are the work of Guillaume de Lorris; the remainder is the work of a later writer, Jean de Meun.

Its subject is an allegorised tale of love, his own or imagined, transferred to the realm of dreams. The writer would fain win the lieart of his beloved, and at the same time he would instruct all amorous spirits in the art of love. He is twenty years of age, in the Maymorn of youth. He has beheld his beautiful lady, and been charmed by her fairness, iher grace, her courtesy; she lias received him with gentleness, but when he declares his love she grows alarmed. He gains at last the kiss which tells of her afiection; but her parents intervening, throw obstacles between the lovers.

Such, divested of ornament, allegory, and personification, is the theme of the poem. Surrounded by a thorny hedge is the rosebud on which all his desire now centres. Hs is wounded by the arrows of Love, does 'homage to the god, and learns his commandments and the evils and the gains of love. Invited by Bel-Accueil, the son of Courtoisie, to approach the rose, he is driven back by Danger and his companions, the guardians of the blossom. Reason descends from a tower and discourses against the service of Love; Ami offers his consolations; at length fhe lover is again admitted to the flowery precinct, finds his ros?

But jealousy raises an unscalable wall around the rose; the serviceable Bel-Accueil is imprisoned, and with a long lament of the lover, the poem closes. We may conjecture that it wanted little to reach some denouement —perhaps the fulfilment of the lover's Tiopes; and it is not impossible that a lost fragment actually brought the love-tale to its issue. Lorris G. Nevertheless the work oi this Middle-Age disciple of Ovid' and of Chretien de Troyes owes more than half its celebrity to the continuation, conceived in an entirely opposite spirit, by his successor, Jean de Meun.

The contrast is striking; Guillaume de Lorris was a refined and graceful exponent of the conventional doctrine of love, a seemly celebrant in the cult of woman, an ingenious decorator of accepted ideas; Jean de Meun was a passionate and positive spirit, an ardent speculator in social, political, and scientific questions, one who cared nothing for amorous subtleties, and held woman in scorn. Guillaume addressed an aristocratic audience, imbued with the eentiments of chivalry; Jean was a bourgeois, eager to instruct, to arouse, to inflame 'his fellows in a multitude of matters which concerned the welfare of their lives.

He was little concerned for the lover and his rose, but was deeply interested in the condition of society, the corruptions of religion, the advance of knowledge. The rose is plucked by the lover in the end; but lover and rose are almost forgotten in Jean's zeal in setting forth his views of life, and in forming an encyclopaedia of the knowledge of his time. Reason discourses on the dangers of passion, commends friendship or universal philanthropy as wiser than love, warns against the instability of fortune and the deceits of riches, and sets charity high above justice; if love be commendable, it is as the device of nature for the continuation of the species.

The way to win woman and to keep her loyalty is now the unhappy way of squandered largess; formerly it was not so in the golden age of equality, before private property was known, when all men held in common the goods of the eartli, and robber kings were evils of the future. The old beldame, who watches over the captive, is corrupted by promises and gifts, and frankly exposes her own iniquities and those of her sex.

War is waged against tlie guardians of the rose, Venus, sworn enemy of chastity, aiding the assailants. Nature, devoted to the continuance of the race, mourns over the violation of her laws by man, unburdens herself of all her scientific lore in a confession to her chaplain Genius, and sends him forth to encourage the lover's party with a bold discourse against the crime of virginity. Lettres batardes, double columns, 41 lines to a full page, title in red and black, gothic letter, above large woodcut of a lady and gentleman sitting in a flower-garden.

This woodcut is repeated on back of title. Janot's uncommon printer's device on last leaf. With several small woodcuts of a scribe sitting at his desk. Janot, about Avec I'edict et mandement de la Majeste Imperiale. Small 4to, old half calf. Louvain, Includimr, in general, all the works of Erasmus, all works of John Wycliffe, of John Hus, of Martin Luther, various translations of the Bible, and well-known medical, geographical, scientific works, etc. At the end is a short list of books suitable for reading to children in private schools.

La desoriptiom geographiquie des provinces et viHes plus fameuses de I'lndte' Orienita;le, Meurs, loix, et coustumes des habitans d'icelles, mesmement de ce qui est soubz la domination du grand Cham, Empereur des Tartares. En vulgaire frangois par F. Red ruled throughout, printer's device on title-page and last leaf. Ornamental woodcut initials. Italic letter, numerous woodcuts. Her poems, ' Marguerites de la Marguerite des Princesses ' , show the mediseval influences forming a junction with those of the Renaissance. Some are religious, but side by side with her four dramatic Mysteries and her eloquent ' Triomphe de I'Agneau ' appears the ' Histoire des Satyres et Nymphes de Diane.

Aresta Amorum Lll, accu- ratissimis Benedict! Gryphius, Brunei says of it : " Les Arrets d'amour sous des questions de droit et de procedure, accoraodees a la matiere des amours; ce n'etait qu'un cadre imagine pour consigner les formes de la procedure et les principes au droit, et pour les mettre a la portee des gens du monde, en les appliquant a des especes fictives et galantes. The cases are given in French, the commentary in Latin. Extraordinary collection of edicts " modelled on the form of the Courts of Love of the 12th — 14th centuries, which were obsolete by the 15th, in spite of efforts to revive them.

The author was born about at Paris and died in The following are headings of some decrees there are 52 in all. Paris, Charles An gelier, LNI Arrests d'Amours. Aresta Amorum accuratissimi Benedicti Lurtii bymphoriani commentarns. Le tout diligemment reveu. Title within woodcut border. Rouen, Thomas Mallard, Plate XI. A woodcut from Le Chappellet des Vertus et des Vices. Lyons, Maresohal and Chaussard, Plate XII. A woodcut from Alain Chartier. Les Faitz. Paris, Pierre Le Caron Le Plaisant Jeu du Dodechedroti de Fortune, non moins recreatif , que subtil et ingenieux.

Renouvelle et change de sa pre- miere edition. Small 8vo, old French calf, gilt, with the Arms of " Due de la V alii ere ' i? Paris, Nicolas Bonsons, Small 8vo, old vellum. Paris, Ch. Chafpellain, Lettres batardes, double columns, with woodcut initial letters. Paris, Jehan Petit and Michel le Noir, This is the third edition the first 16th century edition of Monstrelet and the first to contain the con- tinuation and additional matter mentioned above. La Cosmographie Universelle. Illustrated with 14 double woodcut maps, double woodcut views of cities, and some hundreds of other woodcut views, figures, etc.

Thick folio, original calf. Basle, Henry Pierre, Des Canibales mangeurs de chairs humaines. Comment les Portugalois. Comment le due Magellan-v La troisiesme navigation de Christopher Columbus. Comment Pierre Alouse oercha des isles neuvues. Comment Pinson compaignon de Fadmiral Colon, cercha aussi des isles neuvues.

Des quatre navigations d'Americ Vespuce aux isles nuevues. This section, dealing with the New World, is illustrated with 12 curious cuts. A Fine Copy, but lacking the title-page. Together with the second part entitled: " Description du Pays et Duche de Normendie, Extrait de la Cronique de Normendie, non encores imprimee, faicte par feu maistre Jean Nagerel. Traduite de ritalien en Frangois par un Pere de la mesme Compagnie.

With 7tumerous full-page plates.

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Contemporary white vellum, with the Arms of the Ville de Paris gilt on sides. Avec annotations prinses des dccrctz, Concilles, et Canons tant vieux que modemes, pour la verifi- cation de la discipline anciennement observee en I'Eglise. With woodcut on title. Paris, Michel de Vascosan, Traduit par Jacques Amyot. His scholarship was exquisite; but still more admirable was his sense of the capacities of French prose.

He divined with a rare instinct the genius of the language, he felt the affinities between tihe Greek original and idioms of his own countrymen; he rather re-created than trans- lated Plutarch. The book was a school of manners and of thought, an inspirer of heroic deeds. Par Jacques Amyot. Fine copy beautifully bound in French red morocco with elaborate borders on sides, fully gilt panel back, inside dentelles, g. Oeuvre pour la tierce fois augmente. Paris, H. Smith, with his ticket, g. Paris, '' Antoine Verard II.

Contenant cinq livres de la vie, faicts, et dits heroiques de Gargantua, et de son fils Pantagruel. Plus la pro- nostication Pantagrueline, avec 1' oracle de la dive Bachuc et le mot de la bouteille. Antwerp, It is thus that he should etill be regarded. Below his laughter lay wisdom; below his orgy of grossness lay a noble ideality; below the extravagance of his imagination lay the equilibrium of a sij-rrit sane and strong.

The life that was in him was so abounding and exultant that it broke all dikes and dams; and laughter for him needed no justification, it was a part of this abounding life. After the mediaeval asceticism and the intellectual bondage of scholasticism, life in Rabelais has its vast outbreak and explosion; he would be no fragment of humanity, but a complete man. He would enjoy the world to the full, and yet at the same time there is something of stoicism in his philosophy of life; while gaily accepting the good things of the earth, he would hold himself detached from the gifts of fortune, and possess his soul in a strenuous sanity.

Let us return— such is his teaching— to nature, honouring the body, but giving higher honour to the intellect and to the moral feeling; let us take life seriously, and therefore gaily ; let us face death cheerfully, knowing that we do not wholly die; with light in the understanding and love in the heart, we can confront all dangers and defy all doubts. La Magdeleine.

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With engraved frontispiece. A singular poem, of which copies are scarce. In style Remi de Beauvais resembles more the " mysteres " of the end of the XVth century, but he is a poet of great feeling. Paris, 2. With a portrait of both Louis Xlll and Anne of Austria, and numerous finely engraved full-page plates.