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Il est plus que multiculturel. Rocher et al. Alexander Jeffrey C. B ennett David Multicultural States. Government Printing Office, pp. Brubaker R. Isin Engin F. Labelle M. Martiniello Marco et Adam Ilke Schecter dir. Landry, R. Allard, Langlois, S. Fahmy dir. Maclure, J. Moffet, V. Delisle, Oakes, L. Georgeault et M. Warren, Renaud et J. Gingras, Pujolar, J. Heller dir. Quebec Community Groups Network, Simard, J. Statistique Canada, Stefanescu A. Georgeault, Stefanescu et P. Georgeault dir.

Termote, M. Vaillancourt, F. Lemay et L. Vaillancourt, Her research focuses on interethnic relations, multiculturalism, and national identity in Canada and Western Europe. Diana Simkhovych is a Ph. She holds M. She has held project management and research positions with a number of institutions in Ukraine and Canada. Diana is interested in the issues of intercultural relations, immigration and integration. We argue currency in international organizations, such as the that the ideas of multiculturalism and interculturalism UNESCO and the European Commission, where it often are not mutually exclusive.

Rather, their difference and stipulates fairly harmonious and egalitarian forms of sometimes adversity must be situated within the context integration that are based on cultural respect, dialogue, and of two competing nation-building projects — a context learning. The Canadian Intercultural Centre, scale immigration in the early 20th century reinforced for example, has been providing intercultural training another form of ethnic diversity arising from immigration. Recently, however, it has also becoming more and more noticeable, the metaphor of the sporadically served federal departments, Crown Canadian mosaic emerged.

Maurice Duplessis, sa lettre et les partis politiques

The social-normative context, corporations, agencies and offices within Canada. We until after the Second World War. The concept of interculturalism developed as a dualism of linguistically defined French and English result. By contrast, was declared not only an official state policy but also the preferred metaphor in interculturalism is that of a tree the essence of Canadian identity. As such, interculturalism concentrates claims for rights and recognition.

In addressing the concerns of discrimination voiced by exchange, the immigrant must take on the responsibility Canada's racialized minorities, multicultural policy to integrate successfully. In , multiculturalism which French is the common language of public life; was enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and ii a secular, democratic society where participation Freedoms and, in , made law through the Canadian and the contribution of everyone is expected and Multiculturalism Act. During the s, multiculturalism encouraged; iii a pluralist society open to multiple policy became aligned with the notion of shared citizenship, contributions within the limits imposed by the respect no longer emphasizing separate ethno-cultural groups for fundamental democratic values, and the necessity of but rather democracy and participation in mainstream intercommunity exchange5.

Canadian society. In the 21st century, multiculturalism The ideological differences between multiculturalism remains a central characteristic of Canadian national and interculturalism set aside, in practice, the programs identity. However, situated within the context of Act of how to render federal institutions more sensitive liberalism, globalization, and minority nationhood, this and welcoming to an increasingly diverse immigrant societal integration is difficult to achieve6.

There are, however, attempts to less to the model as such as to its operationalization. The or sub-performance in international projects8. Hence, Supreme Court judgment in Nguyen v. The majority of the course private schooling. Indeed, the development of interculturalism as institutions with intercultural training. How minorities but also Aboriginal Peoples. The latter, however, can he or she manage a linguistically diverse case when are often missing from discussions concerning the adequate interpretation cannot always be guaranteed? Indeed, it notes is only through intercultural dialogue and awareness that 1 This paper is a revised version of: Winter, E.

Conclusion 2 Kymlicka, W. Banting et al. Diversity, Recognition and Shared Citizenship in Canada, to both multiculturalism and interculturalism, which Institute for Research on Public Policy: Fall et al. Les convergences culturelles nation-building projects. If Laval : In this 5 Gagnon, Alain-G. Requejo Intercultural Learning, whose training courses have slowly eds.

Educating leaders, stakeholders and 6 Labelle, Micheline Immigration and Integration in Canada in the Twenty-first Century, multicultural or intercultural. Performance Improvement, 45 3 : Feminists fear that accommodation will render women vulnerable to patriarchal communal norms. The convergence of these three intellectual and political currents are creating a political climate quite unfavorable to the view that some form of accommodation is a condition for successful integration.

The intention not occur spontaneously. Legislation is required in of both is to find some happy middle term between an order to achieve by artifice what occurs more or less assimilationist practice that requires of immigrants that naturally in English-Canada. It thus looks like the two receiving societies are own cultural choices, unfettered by either incentives or working from different theories, whereas they are simply constraints put forward by the state.

Both view the ability applying what I take to be roughly identical theories to of members to retain certain aspects of their patrimonial different raw materials. Rather, until now shared despite rhetorical differences with the they differ in the contexts to which these theories and rest of Canada. That is, they are giving up on the end of policies are applied. There is less appetite among the united in the belief that the ultimate aim of immigrants chattering classes for accommodation of the differences should be to integrate into the society that has received that immigration unavoidably involves.

I want in this brief employees of public institutions. This has according to this analysis been position of those whose opposition to multiculturalism is bad both for the sovereignist cause, which has lost much of more thoroughgoing. After all, republicans are suspicious of the political It is important to note that when compared with intrusion of all cultural identities, that of the majority nativist movements in Europe, the neo-traditionalism that included, whereas neo-traditionalists ascribe great I have just identified is comparatively benign.

Two factors in my view converge to reduce the compatibility, ought to be a parameter both of immigrant distance between republicans and neo-traditionalists on recruitment and of integration. According always bears more harshly on the rites and practices of to republicans, society should be perceived by the state as religious minorities than it does on that of the majority. The principle as do those of minorities. These Assembly rose to join in the unanimous resolution to keep forces cross the ideological spectrum, and are placing a the crucifix hanging above the Chair of the Speaker.

They great deal of pressure on the Liberal government to move were able to do so without blatant contradiction by claiming away from the more open and tolerant attitude that has that the Cross was in fact devoid of religious meaning. Bill 94, that Presumably, those attempting to make the same claim on merely reasserts the limits that already exist in law on the behalf of symbols of minority religion would be told that granting of multicultural claims while appearing to place there is, after all, a moral difference between the symbols greater limits on the wearing of certain forms of Muslim of the majority and those of the minority.

And thus the face-coverings, shows that the Liberal governments of Jean republican position shades into the neo-traditionalist.

L’intégration linguistique des immigrants au Québec

Feminist maintaining the status-quo. La multiculturalisme.

Les immigrants et la culture canadienne

On sait que ces deux concepts trouveront une accommodements raisonnables. Mais on trouve cela place de choix dans le rapport final de la commission, qui ailleurs, nous le verrons plus loin. Dans devient trop grande. Trois juges furent dissidents. On peut regretter que la religion du concept Rocher et al. Curieusement, on collective et civique. Foblets and Kulakowski La voie canadienne : repenser le multicultu- ralisme. Lefebvre, Solange. Between Law and Public Opinion. In Diversity and Religion in Canada, edited by L. Beaman and P. Beaman, Lori, ed.

Managing Religious Diversity. Vancouver: British Columbia University Press. McAndrew, M. Milot, J. Imbeault and P. Fonder l'avenir le temps de la conciliation : rapport [Disponible en format PDF]. Commission de Lefebvre, Solange. Commission Bouchard-Taylor. Social Compass 40 4 : Plamondon and A. Hutterian Brethren of Wilson Colony, and [] 2 R.

Foblets, Marie-Claire, and Christine Kulakowski. Les Assises de Taylor, Charles. Modern social imaginaries, Public planet books. Wit, Theo W. Concilium 5 : Paris : Gallimard. Toronto , LL. Commission Scolaire des irreconcilable conflict. Through a brief reading of and approaches, over words and melody. Perhaps the two are destined to co-existence, not response to, that diversity. More specifically, the parents argued Canada has undergone since the middle of the last century that their right to pass on their Catholic beliefs and faith have brought with them a new social philosophy that to their children was compromised by a course in which favours the recognition of minority rights.

What the parents characterized as the inherent society. In other relationship between the religious neutrality of a modern words, the Supreme Court refused to excuse children of democratic state and the deeply held religious beliefs of one faith from learning about others. Regardless appear to realize the promise of multicultural theory. Justice LeBel notes that it program — on the other. In this case, that party Court of Canada judgment denies the need to choose represents a public policy according to which children between them. The two judgments are in agreement, but of all backgrounds and in all schools learn about sources they use different words and emphasize different features of ethical teachings and world faiths.

The finality of the of the story in order to get there. The voices of teachers, are Catholic parents, members of the majority faith administrators, parents and children — including community in a province that used to provide institutional individual members of religious communities — contribute support to the religious upbringing of Catholic children. The focus becomes the texture and corridors. Trois ans plus tard, il prend sa retraite. Institut de recherche conception du multiculturalisme5. India, Delhi, Manak Publisher, He joined the Department of External Affairs in and was posted to Moscow, Geneva and Paris, as well as serving in various capacities in Ottawa.

In he became Commissioner of Official Languages for a term of seven years. In he was appointed Ambassador of Canada to Belgium and Luxembourg. He has been awarded honorary doctorates by the University of Ottawa and by Carleton University. Certain areas where there is a degree of harmony between the two are identified, as are divergences, and their influence on the treatment of minorities is assessed.

Although minority interests were also given a significant place in the Bouchard-Taylor report, they have been down played by the authorities in comparison with the importance attached to the need for integration with the majority culture. The two models will doubtless remain in opposition to one another.

This is not likely to assist in developing coherent approaches that serve the interests of the minorities while reinforcing their participation in the larger community of which they are a part. Introduction Multiculturalism Some observers suggest that multiculturalism and To begin with, it should be noted that multiculturalism interculturalism are not altogether dissimilar.

It started with in the night, with no likelihood of coming together. At the the Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism3, level of principles, it is arguable that there are a number of which was appointed by his predecessor, Lester B. Pearson, similarities; but in practice, especially in the political arena, as one of the first acts of his new government in July Let me try to elaborate.

It Interculturalism, for its part, has been defined by Messrs. It is not difficult to discern differences here, and I shall return to them below. We are trying both of African, Asian or Caribbean origin. However, I think painful that fact may have been for some to accept. The result, in the first instance, was the Trudeau Declaration to which I The report sets out their judgment that; have referred above. English Canada, there is less concern for For Trudeau at least, integration and multiculturalism the preservation of a founding cultural were not conflicting ideas.

Another decade was to pass tradition than for national cohesion. However, I have to constitutional weight to the policy adopted a decade earlier. The authors On one front, the legislature moved quickly in set down eleven criteria, which they suggested would serve rejecting the recommendation that the crucifix above the to define the idea more precisely, a number of which cast a chair of the speaker of the National Assembly be relocated.

However, there have in fact been very immigrants and their children, it is useful to provide them few concrete results to date, particularly with respect to with the means to preserve their mother tongue, at least implementing the recommendations of the report. With that exception, I would argue that by establishing a hierarchy of values that would give the Bouchard-Taylor approach to minorities is in some precedence to gender equality and secularism. It is not a measure in harmony with the multiculturalism policy that government bill and has not been passed, but it apparently I have been describing.

The second, Bill 94, was tabled Of course, that is not the end of the story, for there is by the responsible minister in It would establish a difference between the Bouchard-Taylor report as such guidelines with respect to accommodation, among other and the political response to it. Thus far, it too has not been enacted. None of this is surprising, as the as to the difference between multiculturalism and fallout in nationalist circles on the appearance of the report interculturalism … Moreover the lack of clarity is shared was less than favourable.

Trudeau, statement in the House of Commons, 8 concrete substance to the whole enterprise. On the other, October 8, Proposals for The Canadian Multiculturalism Act, , sections 5 1 d and g. There have of course been any number of observations and comments, and even an international 13 Yalden, Transforming Rights: In the end, where are multiculturalism and 15 Jack Jedwab, le Devoir. May 24, ; my translation.

This situation is not likely to change. However, it is not likely either to advance the cause of 17 Jack Jedwab, Executive Director, Association for Canadian Studies, coherent approaches to minority communities that serve May 23, Over the last 40 years, we have witnessed to a significant extent through the machinations of the development of two dominant visions in response to intellectual production over the last 40 years or so.

This, then, is an important relationship to culture and identity have been at the time to turn our attention there. Where is this discourse heart of the principal normative and, to some extent, the coming from? Given that it is not similarities between these two ideologies. This paper submits that critical sociolinguistic Symposium on Interculturalism held in Montreal in May approaches have an integral role to play in scholarly debate of This new wave first and foremost upon language as the nodal point of research has been successful in refining a previously around which a national identity and sense of belonging imprecise approach to immigration, social cohesion must collect?

As people could be described and standardized. Language was mobilized because it was population. As evidenced during the Bouchard-Taylor perceived as a more palatable symbol of identity and Commission, increasing diversity and corresponding belonging within the new modern national discourse demands for recognition or accommodation by ethno- built around civic ideas and democratic principles i. To my knowledge, her question agents to build, among other things, national discourses. Conspicuous by its absence in the to break down unchallenged assumptions of language as a literature is active and reciprocal intellectual debate neutral concept.

This is Heller, These things influence not only the cultural expression and accents and the different kinds shape and contours of our research, but also our own of bodies, values and histories that produce and circulate ontological assumptions about what it means to identify them see Sarkar, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities. London: Verso. Helly, Denise. Hobsbawm, Eric J. Voices of Modernity: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Language Ideologies and Politics of Inequality. Jedwab, Jack. March 8. Retrieved from Belhachmi, Zakia. Juteau, Danielle. Fourier et G.

Brookfield: Ashgate publishing. Bourdieu, Pierre. Language and Symbolic Power 7th ed. Adamson, Trans. Cambridge: Harvard Juteau, Danielle. Cardinal, Linda. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 10 1 : Labelle, Micheline. Gagnon Alain-G. Helene Greven-Borde et Jean Tournon. Germain, Annick. McAndrew, R. Toussaint et O.

Immigration, Self-Government and Secessionism: The Québec Case

Modernity and Self Identity. Heller, Monica and Normand Labrie. Banting, T. Courchene et mondialisation, dir. Corton-Wodil, and F. Montreal: The Art of the State. Heller, Monica. London: Continuum. Par B. He is the founding editor of the publications, Canadian Issues and Canadian Diversity.

Jedwab has written extensively for national media, books and scholarly journals on the issues of immigration, multiculturalism, human rights and official language minorities. It is suggested that the differences between the two are far less important than some observers would have us believe and that proponents of interculturalism should look more carefully at what the Government of Canada does when it comes to addressing diversity before taking aim at multiculturalism. It can program adopted by the federal government.