Their book is very concise and clear and serves as an excellent introduction to medieval Naples for a wide variety of general readers as well as scholars.
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Viene dunque proposta come analisi innovativa quella che interroga i testi allo scopo di individuare nella proiezione letteraria della Roma allegorica il riflesso della rappresentazione del potere. Nella seconda parte del libro, la ricerca si concentra sullo studio della personificazione di Roma nel corso del XIV secolo. International Writings with a Sicilian Accent. Sweet Lemons 2, the second volume edited by Venera Fazio and Delia De Santis celebrating Sicilian culture, literature, immigrants, and writers, follows directly in the successful footsteps of the first anthology published in Nearly eighty other contributors, whose brief biographies can be found at the end of the book, join them.
Through analysis of trends in migration, Scambray arrives at the conclusion that the melting-pot culture of North America endangers the national identity that is so important to Sicilians. Concluding with an overview of some of the most recent and important culturally relevant works on, about, or remembering Sicily, Scambray closes suggesting that Sweet Lemons 2 is able to help define Sicilian ethnicity through its compilation of Sicilian poems, memoirs, and tales. The introduction by co-editor and contributor Venera Fazio explains that, following the success of their first volume, she and co-editor Delia De Santis requested contributions from writers of Sicilian heritage from English-speaking countries including the United Kingdom, Ireland, Australia and New Zealand, in addition to North American countries.
The inclusion of personal memoirs, poems, short stories, and historically fictional fables helps readers to appreciate what it might mean to be Sicilian and the important differences between Sicilians and peninsular Italians. For those already familiar with Sicily and her offspring, this volume highlights some of the most beautiful memories, stories, and fables associated with her. Il terzo capitolo analizza Orfeo come simbolo che incarna la cultura degli albori del melodramma. Tradition and the Italian American Writer , which included selected works from his column in Fra Noi, a Chicago-based monthly publication dedicated to Italian American culture.
Reading the reviews in the order in which they are presented, one gets a sense of the wide-ranging and profoundly interdisciplinary nature of Italian American Studies. In addition to demonstrating the epic scope of available literature, provocative juxtapositions like those listed above highlight the existence of a vibrant and engaged community of scholars.
The collection also underscores the political commitment of so many Italian American scholars and how studies in Italian American history and culture connect to larger questions of justice and equality. Bookshelf Another important feature of the collection is its emphasis on the connection between Italy and Italian America.
A History of Southern Italy While the current structure of the book does allow for fruitful comparisons along its delightfully meandering path through a ten-year period of publications in Italian American Studies, an alternative might have been to organize the reviews thematically or chronologically, or at least to include indices listing the works by genre, discipline or year published. Finally, there are enough typos to stumble over and the page numbers in the index are inaccurate in some cases.
The book will be of interest to scholars of Italian American, American, and Italian Studies, as well as a wider public of informed citizens. It seems a particularly useful resource, as well, for university professors beginning to develop an Italian American Studies curriculum.
Studi sulla letteratura e le arti. Nel poema Il poeta degli Iloti, egli rinuncia alla poesia cosmica ed epica per convertirsi alla musa del lavoro e delle umili cose ; in Un uomo di pensiero e un uomo di azione afferma che la poesia non comporta imitazione e sgorga dal turbamento dello spirito che rivela a se stessi ed agli altri cose ignote.
Paolo Pacello, aversano nato nel , a latere del petrarchismo dominante, testimonia il liberalismo linguistico degli scrittori napoletani Il salernitano Vincenzo Braca compose farse cavaiole offensive nei riguardi dei Cavesi. The Re-Thinking of a Class. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, The nine essays collected in the volume draw upon cultural and especially literary production in order to understand the ways in which artists and writers, often themselves formed in a bourgeois social environment, have represented the character, the mission and, increasingly, as we move down the decades, the shortcomings of this class from unification to the beginning of the twenty-first century.
In one of the strongest contributions, Cristina Della Coletta considers the bourgeoisie at its apogee in the second half of the nineteenth century. Giuseppe Tosi, writing on a series of memoirs that reflected upon the armistice of 8 September , also considers a sudden shift in self-perception: Another historical trauma, that of terrorism, is the subject of three closely related essays by Cosetta Seno Reed, Giancarlo Lombardi and Gius Gargiulo. The instrumental logic that governs bourgeois relations makes both the capitalist fathers and the revolutionary children that putatively rise against them faces of the same coin.
With the final two essays we come to the threshold of the twenty-first century. For Nicoletta Di Ciolla, the noir fiction of Gianni Farinetti, and in particular his first novel, Un delitto fatto in casa , paints a broad picture of an Italian and, specifically, Turinese upper bourgeois family in order to lay bare the hypocrisy and hollowness that governs both its private and public actions.
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The contradictory father-daughter relationship staged by Mazzucati is the story of a failed transgression, as the protagonist remains in thrall of the bourgeois values internalized in childhood. The only flaw of the volume is that Farleigh Dickinson University Press seems to have spent little time on copy-editing the text.
Otherwise, these essays, all characterized by theoretical rigor and fine textual analyses, are exemplary of the kind of contribution that an interdisciplinary approach — cutting across film, literary and cultural studies — can make to the renewal of Italian Studies. Voices of Italian America: Fordham University Press, Il testo si aggiunge agli studi e ai volumi dedicati alla letteratura italo-americana negli Stati Uniti, prendendo in esame testi ed autori che spaziano dal XIX sino a gran parte del XX secolo.
Tra gli autori antologizzati si conta Riccardo Cordiferro, che compose poesie in italiano, ma anche in calabrese, siciliano e napoletano. La quinta parte Prose of Testimony: Marazzi distingue tre fasi relative alla letteratura italo-americana dal fascismo ai nostri giorni: The Muslims of Medieval Italy. Edinburgh University Press, This work, by noted historian Alex Metcalfe, is a wonderful addition to the bibliography on the central Mediterranean. In a chronological reach that extends from the year to , Metcalfe charts the creation and eventual demise of Muslim society in Sicily and Southern Italy.
Metcalfe examines the political and economic organization of the new Muslim holding, including the Islamicization and Arabicization of cities such as Palermo which became important centers of Islamic cultural and political life. Such tensions evolved into the civil wars that rocked the island between and Non-Muslims would pay both a land and a religious poll tax, or jizya, but would retain religious autonomy. In the case of conversions, the jizya was remitted.
According to Metcalfe, many communities retained their Christian faith, even while adopting Arabic culture and language. In this same chapter, Metcalfe also examines the relationship between Sicily and Ifriqiya, the old Roman province of Africa corresponding to present-day Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, noting that the island, despite its origin as a colony, began to develop very complex and, at times, decidedly antagonistic relationships with the motherland. It was during Fatimid- Kalbid rule that the town of Palermo reached its prime while the rural economy of the countryside was transformed by systems of irrigation and the introduction of new plants, such as citrus fruit, date palms, mulberry, sumac, sugar cane, and papyrus.
According to Metcalfe, the most important product of Sicily was grain, traded with Ifriqiya for gold. Yet despite the flourishing of the island under Kalbid rule, from the mids a new civil war swept across Sicily.
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This war, which is discussed by Metcalfe in his fourth chapter, was the result of internal dissent between the emirs who dominated Sicily, but was also aggravated by external aggressions on the part of the Byzantines and especially the Normans who landed on the island in the s, completing their conquest in It also did not originate from the north of Europe. While the Normans who landed in Sicily hailed originally from Normandy, they were already well established in southern mainland Italy where they served as mercenaries of the Byzantines or as barons and knights titled by Papal investiture.
Subsequent pages of this chapter focus on Robert Guiscard and his brother Roger de Hauteville, whose successful military campaigns were aided by tensions that were simmering among the emirs.
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The Normans also adopted the Muslim system of tribute that permitted Christians and Jews to live on the island, with the Normans becoming the beneficiaries of the jizya that was now paid by Muslims and Jews. In the sixth chapter, Metcalfe focuses on additional strategies employed by the Normans to rule over a population of different faiths, ethnicities, cultures, and languages. As a result of this process, many educated and wealthy Muslims left the island for Ifriqiya or Andalusia in what Metcalfe compares to a diaspora, whose consequence was the rapid decline of Arabic Islamic culture.
Chapter seven further describes the increasingly peripheral role of Muslims in Sicily, forced to live in crown lands or Latin church holdings. In these pages, Metcalfe devotes much attention to George of Antioch, a central figure in the administration of the island under Roger II. Metcalfe also devotes some pages to describe the tense relations between the Normans and the papacy, leading to treaty of Benevento whereby the king limited the presence of papal legates on the island.
In chapter nine and ten , Metcalfe surveys the period between the s and s, when many massacres of Muslims took place. Initially limited to the killing of eunuchs who held high administrative positions, the violence quickly spread to Palermo and Messina, where in the s even ordinary Muslim homes were looted. The eleventh chapter further examines the plight of Muslim minorities whose promotion and social mobility were increasingly tied to conversion to Christianity.
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This said, Metcalfe clearly acknowledges the importance of the kingdom in the transmission of Arabic-Greek and Greek-Latin culture and devotes his thirteenth chapter to a discussion of Norman patronage, especially in the translation of philosophical and scientific texts. This intellectual exchange is noteworthy but Metcalfe again points out that the translations were primarily from Arabic or Greek into Latin, thus indicating an orientation towards a language, and by implication, a Western culture, of growing hegemony.
The chapter traces the succession crisis that befell the kingdom after the death of William II in , leading to the Staufen dynasty of Henry VI of Germany and his son Frederick, both German emperor and king of Sicily. While he patronized Muslim art and science, his court did not promote Muslim subjects to any high administrative positions. At the same time, however, he accelerated the process towards a wide adoption of Latin Christianity by pushing Muslims to accept the concessions made by his predecessor William to the Bishop of Monreale. His behavior fomented more Muslim revolts, which he promptly crushed before deporting all his remaining Muslim subjects to a single location on the mainland: This mass deportation, which occurred at the beginning of the thirteenth century, severely impacted Western Sicily, where a sophisticated system of irrigation put in place by the Muslims had enabled a highly diversified production of crops.
With the departure of the Muslims, a monoculture of tenant farmers took hold, whose repercussions on Sicilian economy would be felt for centuries to come. Center for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, This book presents an interesting document disclosing the life of the Benedictine convent of Santissima Annunziata delle Murate, commonly referred to as Le Murate. Among the many religious communities spread throughout Renaissance Florence by the population of nuns in the city had reached 2, , Le Murate was an institution of crucial importance, because of its strong bonds with the most prominent families of the time.
It includes a detailed description of the day-to-day activities of the nuns, as well as their participation in the life of the city. Although the idea of aesthetic enjoyment was alien to the rule, as Weddle reminds us, Sister Giustina does not refrain from a cautious artistic — and monetary — assessment of a painting: Beyond the enjoyment of Renaissance art, the convent of Le Murate was tightly connected with well-known citizens and institutions. This Chronicle casts light on a religious institution that had a secular import and a major impact in the life of Florentine women of the time.
The convent functioned as an essential component of the support network for lay women who, after having received part of their education inside the convent, kept a close relationship with the nuns even once they left the convent walls. The material of the chronicle is divided into 78 chapters and arranged chronologically. As Weddle reminds us in her introduction, Sister Giustina abided by the intrinsic humility dictated by her habit and rule and was not concerned with the notion of individual authorship.
The chapters reveal facts that vary in nature and are often transfigured into signs of the divine plan to which the nuns of Le Murate were strenuously struggling to conform. Giustina deals as well with practical matters such as construction at the convent, an issue arising rather frequently given the growing population of nuns and, at times, of lay women in need of assistance. Moreover, it provides an example of an enclosed community that was not detached from the secular life of the surrounding city, and, further, that was able to give the women it enclosed the power of decision-making, a benefit that lay women seldom had in those times.
Marina Cocuzza and Lorna Watson. The first major issue is consistency, which the text lacks entirely. To begin with, the editors anglicize names in certain tales but retain Italo-Sicilian names in others. The illustrations by Roberto Moscato, which lack captions and vary greatly in scan quality, sometimes appear only on the Sicilian side of the text 32 , but at other times are needlessly duplicated on both sides ; Beyond its inconsistencies, the translation suffers from many other substantive issues.
Technically, it is full of errors, including abundant botched punctuation. Enraged characters mellow when exclamation points disappear in translation. Typos perplex the reader: The most serious problem facing The King of Love and Other Tales is that its intended audience is unclear; it is impossible to say whether the translators have done their work with schoolchildren or scholars in mind.
Several examples highlight this fundamental incoherency. Conversely, other choices suggest that the book is meant for an academic readership.
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These footnotes, frequently superfluous, provide a visual cue that the tales are to be analyzed first, enjoyed later. This begs the question whether the intended reader knows Italian. If so, why bother with an English translation at all? The overall effect is that the work reads like two books cobbled together, with little correspondence between the Sicilian and English sections. Dopo una breve nota bio- bibliografica su Nove nom de plume di Antonello Satta Centanin , il volume presenta la traduzione di quattro short stories: Un amore involontario di Paolo Teobaldi: New Perspectives on the European Bildungsroman.
In New Perspectives on the European Bildungsroman, a remarkable study about an intriguing literary genre, Giovanna Summerfield and Lisa Downward explore both traditional and nontraditional European novels that fall into this category. Typically, the protagonist, whose development is narrated in the third person, is a male belonging to the bourgeoisie.
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Spirituality is the focus of part one of this study, in which Summerfield discusses bildungsroman by European male authors. In part two, Downward shifts the focus to gender, which complicates the conventional concepts of this genre. Summerfield points out that Italians were the last to adopt the Masonic philosophy, which was embraced by the secret society, la Carboneria.
Summerfield adds Ugo Foscolo to this circle. As she points out: It is, however, precisely in their common female condition that Downward finds elements of bildung. For example, maternity brings salvation. Downward concludes with Jane Eyre, whose ending is somewhat similar to that of Teresa.
Unlike Aleramo, Tamaro and Woolf represent the mother- daughter relationship in a non-linear way. The Complete Nonsense Book , ed. The Lear Omnibus , ed. Nelson, Lear in Sicily , ed. Granville Proby, London, Duckworth, ?. Teapots and Quails , ed. Kiven and the Gentle Kathleen , ed. Donald Gallup, New Haven, A Book of Bosh , ed.
Brian Alderson, Harmondsworth, Penguin, Lear in the Original , ed Herman W. Liebert, New York, H. Kraus, Bosh and Nonsense , London, Allen Lane, Schiller, Comparing the , and printed texts of Edward Lear limericks to their original manuscripts , compiled by Justin G.
Schiller, with an introduction by V. Noakes, Stroud, Catalpa Press, A New Nonsense Alphabet , ed. Union officials lying on the mess of bags the better to inspect the ballast have all fallen asleep. Whole mornings for a certificate, years and years for a tiny pension, you only had to look at those faces to know they were twenty trains stronger than the explosives. Never has anyone singled out each area from the stones of the ballast from the grassy slopes in the valley from the holes where the sea comes through.
Slowly, slowly, at walking pace it looked like the train was being dragged like a horse, pulled by the reins by its master. At Naples a lighted tunnel low and broken, with a stop Look out, someone wants to get on this train that looks like a float. Farmers and shepherds have watched it with their flocks all scattered Calabria is passing under us, passing under our feet.
From the roof of a house a fat woman. Stones and provocations were flying, but no one even turned. The workers from Emilia-Romagna watched with amazement. The metalworkers from Turin and Milan moved forward holding hands Voices broke the silence and in the pauses you could hear the sea.