Ea Explorations Huckeby. Fantasia arranged for String Orchestra Neely. Fantasia on Amazing Grace del Borgo. Fantasy on a Canadian Folk Song Hannickel. Escape Velocity Jarvis. Festique Daniels. Ea First Noel low—C Cohen. First Noel high—E flat Cohen. First Program for Strings arr. Helmut May. Ea Festival March McLeod. Festival of Carols Wagner. Festival of Hymns Severson - Ployhar. Flauto e voce II.
Hofmann Sop, rec, b. Festival Prelude arranged for Band Bach - Margolis. Festive Brass Album Thomas. Festive Strings Martin. Fiddle and Stomp McLeod. Fiddle Tunes No. Fiddle-Faddle for Orchestra Anderson. Hofmann voice S or T , rec ens, b. Flight of the Pegasus Shaffer. Flintstones Meet the Jetsons Sebesky. Florence Fayre arr. Flow Gently Sweet Afton arr. Flower of Scotland Williamson. First Chorales for Band Curnow. First Duet Album. Folk Strings Martin.
Four Centuries for Brass Gordon. From East to West Smith. Gesu Bambino Yon low—D Ryden. Gesu Bambino Yon high—F Ryden. Get Ready for This Sweeney. Gettysburg Main Title arranged for Band Moss. Gladiator, Music from the Movie Zimmer-Wasson. Glorious Sounds of Christmas Gustafson. Go Tell It on the Mountain Helvey. Go West arr. Ralph Ford. Goblin Dance Spata. Ea Frosty the Snowman arranged for Orchestra Moss.
Frosty the Snowman arranged for String Orchestra Rosenhaus. Ea Funk Food. Funkytown Brown. Gaelic Ballad Erikson. German Band Encores Butts. German Carol Festival arranged for Orchestra Medley O How Joyfully;2. Good Christian Rejoice;3. Silent Night;4. While By My sheep;5. O come Little children;6. O Christmas Tree Christensen. Golden Melodies for Strings, Book 2 arr. Good King Wenceslas arranged for Orchestra Harris.
Good King Wenceslas low—G Cohen. Good King Wenceslas high—B flat Cohen. Havah Nagila for Orchestra Hilbert. Havah Nagilah arranged for Orchestra Kreger. Green Stringpops. Haydn Classic arranged for Band Swearingen. Head Over Heels L. Heart of Rock and Roll arr. Greensleeves arranged for orchestra Reed. Haitian Fight Song Mingus-Johnson. Halle, Halle arr. Bell, Maule, Hagen.
Hang On,Sloopy arranged for Orchestra Cerulli. Hi-Lili,Hi-Lo arr. High Tech for Strings Doris Gazda. Holiday Fanfare Smith. Auld Lang Syne; 3. Jingle Bells Swearingen. Grier Holiday Medley Jerry Harris. I Can See Clearly Now arr. Andy Clark. Holly and the Ivy arranged for Orchestra Cerulli. Hollywood Baker. Home Alone. Merry Christmas,Merry Christmas;2. Somewhere in my Memory; 3. Hooray for Hollywood Medley Barker. Hot and Bothered Yasinitsky.
How Can I Keep from Singing? How Sweet It is Nestico. How the Grinch Stole Christmas Brubaker. Humnsong Wondrous Love Del Borgo. Hungarian Dance arranged for Band Van der Beek. Hungarian March Custer. Hunting Wabbits Goodwin. Hymns for Brass Canadian Brass. In the Mood arr. In Walked Bud Berg. Incredibles, Music from Bocook. Inside Out Harris. Instant Warm-Ups Sweeney. Instrumental Hymnal. International Dixieland Jamboree for Orchestra Bill Bailey;2. James Infirmary;3. When the Saints Holcombe. Jerome Robbins Broadway for Orchestra Sayre.
Jewish Wedding Music Levine-Holley. Jingle Bell Rock arranged for Band Edmondson. Jingle Bells low—G Cohen. Jingle Bells high—B flat Cohen. Intrusions Lecrone. Irish Aire and Jig Kerr. Irish Folk Song Suite Erickson. Irish Sing Along Finnegan. Israel Sings arr. Betty Byers. John Williams in Concert for Band Lavender. Silver Bells; 4. Jolly Miller Pearson. Jolly Old St. Journal of Music Scores, Volume Japanese Festival. Jazz Basics for Strings. Joy to the World arranged for Band Curnow. Joy to the World arranged for Handbells McKechnie. Joy to the World arranged for Orchestra Harris.
Joy to the World Variations for Orchestra Christensen. Latin Gold Lavender. Jubilee March Niehaus. Jump Swing Fever arranged for Orchestra Wasson. JumpStart First Concert Blair. Learn to Play in the Orchestra, Book 1 Matesky. Legends of the Fall Conley. Lenny Kravitz:Lenny Transcribed Score. Lerner and Loewe Tribute arranged for Orchestra Rosenhaus.
Lift High the Cross Hobby. Ea lg sc 5. Junior Philharmonic Score. Kaleidoscope Toccata Jancewicz. Keeper Pearson. King Cotton March for Orchestra Sousa. Kingsbridge March Dyson. Kiss Il Bacio Arditi - Seredy. Little Brown Jug arranged by Davis. Little Drummer Boy arranged for Orchestra Cerulli. Little Drummer Boy arranged for Band Custer. Little Drummer Boy arranged for Band Wendel. Little Flamenco Corea-Mossman. Del Borgo. La Bamba arranged for Orchestra Cerulli. Lady Marmalade Brown. Land of the Silver Birch arr. Little Mermaid Selections for Band Menken.
Macarena arranged for String Orchestra Cerulli. Magnus Liber Organi,Vol. I:Quadrupla et Triple de Paris Roesner. Liturgy of the Hours for the Easter Triduum ed. Loaded Lopez. Loch Lomond arranged for Band Ticheli. Londonderry Air arranged for Band Kinyon. Londonderry Air arranged for Orchestra Harty. Londonderry Air arranged for String Orchestra Goldsmith. Londonderry Air arranged for String Orchestra Hermann. Mamma Mia Selections Ricketts. Mango Tango Fletcher. Manteca arranged for Jazz Band Tomaro. March into Christmas arr. Marching with the Angels arranged for String Orchestra Feldstein.
Marching with the Angels arr. Masses by Alessandro Scarlatti and Francesco Gasparini. Lord of the Dance arranged for Orchestra Hardiman - Moore. Louie, Louie Story. Love Theme from St. Medieval Christmas transcribed and editied by Schuller. Meet the Masters arr. Melody Book for Strings edited by Dorothy Straub. Men In Black M. Lullaby of the Drums for Orchestra Anderson. Macarena Virgen de la Macarena arranged for Band Reed. Ea Macarena arranged for Band Custer. Macarena arranged for Band Ford. Moonlight Serenade arranged for Orchestra easy Miller - Cerulli.
Moonlight Tango Meyer. Mid Eighteenth Century Cello Sonatas ed. Jane Adas Vol. Mostly Handel for String Trio Clark. Motown Forever for String Orchestra Moore. Millenium Meyer. Minnie the Moocher arranged for Jazz Band Ford. Miscellaneous scores - Old E. Ea lg sc orch Ea lg sc Muppet Medley arranged for Orchestra Chase. Music for Christmas Day. Music for Four, Vol. Mister Natural based on Little Beggerman arr. Misty arranged for Orchestra Garner - Gold. Misty arranged for String Orchestra Garner - Custer.
Modal Festival Marsh. Molly on the Shore for Orchestra Grainger. Music of the Classical Era. Music of the Romantic Era May. Ea zarzuela lg sc partitura band Ea lg sc str orch, perc, pf Ea lg sc 5. Nocturne Banister. Nostalgia in Times Square Mingus-Cuber. O Holy Night Leavitt. O Little Town Reed. My One and Only Love Taylor. Nabucco Verdi - Cesarini.
Nardis arr. Neapolitan Songs for Orchestra Selection Armand. Ea New Music for Orchestra. New River Train Croft. Nickel Creek Artist Transcription. Night at Symphony Hall arranged for Band Feldstein. Night at the Opera arr. Night at the Opera arranged for String Orchestra Feidstein. Nights In White Satin Wallace. Nikelodeon Choral Revue Bryner. Alfred Reed. Oak and the Ash for Orchestra Pearson. Oberturas e Interludios de Opera Espanola. Oh,Susanna arranged for Orchestra Richardson. Old MacFiddle Higgins.
Old Scottish Melody Wiley. Olde English Airs Gorow. Oliver Selections arranged for Band. Orchestra Warm-Ups Gordon.
in Various Formats for Works in All Genres
Orchestral Holiday Arr. Over My Head arranged for Band Feldstein. Over the Rainbow for Orchestra Arlen - Sayre. Over There arranged for Orchestra Cohan - Ryden. On Broadway for String Orchestra Lavender. Douglas Wagner. Overtures 5 from the 18th Century. Parasols and Pantaloons arr. Passacaglia in G minor arranged for Strings Handel - Wieloszynski. Passion Flower Tomaro. Patapan arr. One Hundred Years of Broadway Huff. Ea One Note Samba Mantooth.
Opera Favorites from String Quartet Latham. Opera Goes to the Movies arranged for Orchestra Christiansen. Patriotic Bits and Pieces Story. Patton Theme Adams. Peace Like A River Wagner. Peanut Vendor arranged for Orchestra Simons - Lang. Pennsylvania Lopez. Perdido Ellington. Popular American Songs,Vol. Porgy and Bess Medley Gershwin - Whitney. Las Posadas Search for and Inn Gazda. Prado arranged for Concert Band Lopez. Prairie Lullaby Compello.
Prairie Trail Bishop. Precepts of the Lord Chiusano. Prehistoric Suite Jennings. Prelude No. Ea lg sc 7. Playing the String Game Young. Poco Polka Gazda. Ea lg sc Polish Dances of the 16th and 17th Centuries Urbaniak. Polka String Trios Greenblatt. Polly-Wolly-Doodle arranged for Orchestra Richardson. Eb Procession of the Sardar Custer. Ea lg sc Promise Beall - Carter. Red,White, and Brass arr.
Quartet in D, Finale arr. Quartet Repertoire for Flute. Quartet Repertoire for Horn Voxman. Quartet Repertoire for Saxophone Voxman. Quartet Repertoire for Trombone. Quartet Repertoire for Trumpet. Ea Relic Morales. Retrats Catalans Brouwer. In Dulci Jubilo;2. O Come, O Come, Emmanuel;3.
We Three Kings; 4. Greensleeves; 5. Joy To The World;6. Away In A Manger; 7. Deck The Halls; 8. River Songs Wagner. Rock Around the Clock Cerulli. Ragtime for Brass, Vol. Rainbow Warrior Vlack. Razzle Dazzle Rag Jancewicz. Ready, Steady, Sing Sebba. Rodgers and Hammerstein Salute Rodgers - Moss. Rodgers and Hammerstein String Colors Chase.
Roller Coaster. Romantic Hits Weinzierl-Waechter. Romantic Pieces Pillinger. Rosin Eating Zombies Meyer. Ross Roy De Haan. Recorded by Sinatra Barker. Second Line Goines. Second Orchestra Program Album Jurey. Senor Banana Lopez. Serenade for a Picket Fence Leyden. Sesame Street Songbook Cook. Sacred Quartets for All Ryden. Ea Sahara Crossing Meyer. Saint James Infirmary Davis. Sakura arranged for Band Del Borgo. Salina Schneider.
Sesame Street, Theme from arr. Seventies arranged for Band Jennings. Shabbat Shalom arr. Shadow Dance Meyer. Samba del Coco Hull. Santa at the Symphony arr. Ea lg sc 0. Shake a Tail Feather Wallace. Shalom Chavarine Del Borgo. Shenandoah arranged for Band Tatgenhorst. Shenandoah arranged for Band Ticheli. Shenandoah arranged for Band and Optional Chorus arr. Santa Plays the Viola arr.
A Tribute to Louis Armstrong Ricketts. Scenes from the Emerald Isle Gruselle. Scooby-Doo,Where Are You? Sir Duke Stevie Wonder-Bocook. Shenandoah arranged for String Orchestra Moore. Shenandoah;Simple Gifts arranged for Strings Phillippe. Ea Bluegrass Hits 6 arr. Siyahamba arr. Wagner Skylark Nowak. Sleaze Factor Brecker - Crotty. Smack Dab in the Middle Taylor. Small One Hawthorne - Wilson. Smooth Ralph Ford. Smooth Santana arranged for Orchestra Brubaker. Some Samba! Somewhere in Time arranged for Orchestra Barry - Custer.
Show Me Jarvis. Sight Singer, Vol. Silver Bells arranged for String Orchestra Conley. Silver Strings, Book 1 Isaac. Simple Gifts Shapiro. Simple Gifts arranged for Band Ticheli. Simple Gifts arranged for Band Tyler. Simple Gifts of Christmas arr. Simple Square Dance Straub. Sing Out! Songs of Christmas Del Borgo. Ea lg sc str orch Ea lg sc str orch Ea sc 5. Songs of Hanukkah for String Orchestra Errante. Songs of the British Isles: 1.
Loch Lomond Scotland 2. Men of Harlech Wales 3. The Minstrel Boy Ireland 4. British Grenadiers England Pearson. Soul Bossa Nova Dan Havely. Sound Training Chorales of J. Bach Gorder. Sounding Brass! Jack Stamp. Sounds from Hollywood for Orchestra Shadow of Your Smile Gold. Star-Spangled Banner for Orchestra Rosenhaus. Stay Tuned Yasinitsky. Stella By Starlight Blair. Stormy Weather arranged for Orchestra Arlen - Gould. Sounds of Hanukah arranged for string orchestra Ward. Sourwood Mountain arranged for String Orchestra Croft.
Spider-Man T. Theme Moss. Spin, Dreidel, Spin Dabczynski. Spirit of Texas arranged for Band Smith. Spirituals selected and arranged by William Ryden. Stairway to Heaven Uhl. Standard of Excellence, Book 1 Pearson. Star Dancer Williams. Star Trek Main Theme Simeone. Ea lg sc str qrt Ea lg sc 6. String Orchestra Repertoire Series, Vol. Ea lg sc str orch Ea lg sc str orch Ea sc String Quartet Sampler Vol. String Town Tunes.
Ea str orch lg sc w. Pastores a Belen;2. It Came Upon the Midnight Clear; 3. O Little Town of Bethlehem;4. Bring a Torch,Jeanette, Isabella;5. Away in a Manger; 6. Wassail Song Anderson. Suo-Gan Curnow. Sussex Carol Willcocks. Folk Songs of Australia. Strings Around the World Shepheard.
Folk Songs of the U. Strings Around the World Starr. Strings Extraordinaire! Strings for Everyone, Vol. Strings for Noel Dupre. Ea Ea Eb Swing Classics for Jazz Ensemble. Swing Low Sweet Chariot Rouse. Sword Dance Phillips. Tachanka Del Borgo. Ea lg sc str orch Ea lg sc 6. Sugar Taylor. Tangerine Rag Meyer. Tango de la Luna Secunda. Tangos and More McLean. Tequila arranged for Orchestra Rio - Sayre.
They Led My Lord Away arr. Fred Allen. Third Orchestra Program Album Jurey. To Reap the Blessings of Freedom Wagner. Toss the Feathers arr. Ea Ea sc sc Touch of Your Lips Abene. Thy Strong Word Schalk. Treasury of Scales Smith. Tres Danzas de Mexico Rhoads. Tribute to Elvis for String Orchestra Ricketts. Tribute to Henry Mancini Baby Elephant Walk; 2. Pink Panther;4.
Peter Gunn Custer. Tijuana Gift Shop Mingus-Mossman. Tis A Gift McGinty. Titanic Movie Music for String Orchestra Take Her to Sea, Mr. Trios for Three Trumpets Marcellus. Ea Eb Ec 6. Tuba Tiger Rag Marshall. Tunes for My String Orchestra Nelson.
Turkey Creek and Other Songs arranged Critelli. Turtle Dove arranged by Cassler. Vision for America Jefferson. Viva Vibrato! Tusk Brian Scott. Twas in the Moon of Wintertime:the Huron Carol arr. Twas the Night Before Christmas Holcombe. Water Is Wide Kirby. Water Is Wide Zaninelli. Water is Wide arranged for String Orchestra Conley. Twelve Days of Christmas high—A flat Ryden. Twelve English Songs arranged for Orchestra Dewitt. We Three Kings low—A minor Rosenhaus. We Three Kings high—C minor Rosenhaus. We Will Know Peace arr.
Ukranian Folk Songs arr. University String Orchestra Album Stoessel. Wedding Album for String Quartet Latham. Variations on an Appalachian Hymn Dyson. Variations on the Minstrel Boy Breedon. Venus Isle Eric Johnson. Wedding Album for String Trio Latham. Wedding Album No. Wedding Album,Vol. Ea 1. When Morning Gilds the Skies Biery. When the Saints go Marching In Lewis. White Rabbit Wallace.
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Whole New World arr. Why the Chimes Rang Tucker. Ea Ea Ea Westbrook March Hodges. Westminster Carol arr. Westwood Trail arranged for Concert Band Wanger. Wiener Lied von bis Mozarts Tod Vol. Wild Mountain Thyme Levesque. Winter Fantasy Story. Winter Holidays arr. Winter Wonderland for Orchestra Bernard - Custer. Winter Wonderland;Let It Snow! Winter Wonders:Song Kit 20 Funk. Zydeco Two-Step Spata. Ea Eb 3.
World of Brass Ensemble arr. Jay Zorn. Wyndham March. Edited by Guignard. Antiqua Chorbuch selected titles from - Authentic Sounds of the Big Band Era. Doppelchoerige Canzonen alt-italienischer Meister. Floyd K. Grave Ea orch lg sc both pieces orch lg sc both pieces Nicole Baker Yellow Rose of Texas arranged for Orchestra Klotman. Yiddish Songs Goden.
Grinch Adams. Young World of Strings ed. Six Yuletide Romps arr. Schiff Zoot Suit Riot Murtha. Zoot Suit Riot Murtha. By Handel,Corelli, Manfredini and Schiassi. Works by Handel,Corelli, Manfredini,Schiassi. Hassler, J. Schein Lenzewski. Volume 2:William Brade Lenzewski. Ea Eb orch cdsd sc pf cond Forty-Three Pieces Written ca. New Brass Music Original Compositions.
Castle House Rag,The G. Ea ragtime ens sc only Castle Walk, The G. Level 2. The study consisted of participants, aged 18 to 50 years, who presented to orthopaedic outpatient clinics with knee problems. All participants completed both adult and pediatric versions of the IKDC in random order with a minute break in between.
We used a paired t test to test for a difference between the scores and a Welch's 2-sample t test to test for equivalence. A least-squares regression model was used to model adult scores as a function of pediatric scores , and vice versa. A paired t test revealed a statistically significant 1. Equivalence testing with an equivalence region of 5 points further supported this finding. The adult and pediatric scores had a linear relationship and were highly correlated with an R 2 of There is no clinically relevant difference between the scores of the adult and pediatric IKDC forms in adults, aged 18 to 50 years, with knee conditions.
Either form, adult or pediatric, of the IKDC can be used in this population for longitudinal studies. If the pediatric version is administered in adolescence, it can be used for follow-up into adulthood. Stegmeier, Nicole; Oak, Sameer R. Study Design: Randomized crossover study design. Level of Evidence: Level 2. Methods: The study consisted of participants, aged 18 to 50 years, who presented to orthopaedic outpatient clinics with knee problems. Results: A paired t test revealed a statistically significant 1. The adult and pediatric scores had a linear relationship and were highly correlated with an R2 of Conclusion: There is no clinically relevant difference between the scores of the adult and pediatric IKDC forms in adults, aged 18 to 50 years, with knee conditions.
Clinical Relevance: Either form, adult or pediatric, of the IKDC can be used in this population for longitudinal studies. Martial arts intervention decreases pain scores in children with malignancy. Martial arts intervention in disease has been mostly limited to adult inflammatory, musculoskeletal, or motor diseases, where a mechanical intervention effects positive change. However, the application and benefit to pain management in childhood malignancy are not well described.
Here, we assess the effects of defined martial arts intervention in children with cancer with respect to their pain perception and management. Sixty-four children with childhood malignancies were enrolled in a martial arts program, which encompassed both meditation and movement modalities. Pain scores were recorded pre- and post- 1-hour session intervention. Pain scores were crossed by total visits and tabulated by whether participant pain reduced at least 1 unit, stayed the same, or increased in intensity immediately after post participation session.
Differences in pain scores were further compared by age and sex. Prepain and postpain scale data were measured for 64 participants, 43 males Preintervention and postintervention data were obtained for individual session visits. Mean number of patient participation visits was 1. For the majority Median pain intensity scores had greater reductions with increased age of participants years [-1], years [-2], years [-3], and years [-4].
Martial arts intervention can provide a useful modality to decrease pain in. Background Martial arts intervention in disease has been mostly limited to adult inflammatory, musculoskeletal, or motor diseases, where a mechanical intervention effects positive change. Methods Sixty-four children with childhood malignancies were enrolled in a martial arts program, which encompassed both meditation and movement modalities.
Pain scores 0—10 were recorded pre- and post- 1-hour session intervention. Results Prepain and postpain scale data were measured for 64 participants, 43 males Median pain intensity scores had greater reductions with increased age of participants 3—6 years [—1], 7—10 years [—2], 11—14 years [—3], and 15—19 years [—4]. Conclusion Martial arts.
Stability for index scores ranged from. Subtest score stability ranged from. Indexes believed to be more susceptible to concentration Processing Speed and Working Memory had lower stability. Children with attention problems had significantly lower stability for Digit Span and Matrix Reasoning subtests compared with children without attention problems. We hope our report encourages further examination of this hypothesis and its implications. Effect of vowel context on test-retest nasalance score variability in children with and without cleft palate.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether test-retest nasalance score variability differs between Korean children with and without cleft palate CP and vowel context influences variability in nasalance score. Thirty-four 3-toyear-old children with and without CP participated in the study. Three 8-syllable speech stimuli devoid of nasal consonants were used for data collection. Each stimulus was loaded with high, low, or mixed vowels, respectively.
All participants were asked to repeat the speech stimuli twice after the examiner, and an immediate test-retest nasalance score was assessed with no headgear change. Children with CP exhibited significantly greater absolute difference in nasalance scores than children without CP. Variability in nasalance scores was significantly different for the vowel context, and the high vowel sentence showed a significantly larger difference in nasalance scores than the low vowel sentence. Test-retest nasalance score variability was greater for children with CP than children without CP, and there was greater variability for the high vowel sentence s for both groups.
All rights reserved. In the future, surgical management of pediatric appendicitis might become limited to nonperforating appendicitis. Thus, it becomes increasingly important to differentiate advanced from simple appendicitis and to predict perforated appendicitis among a group of children with right-sided abdominal pain, which was the aim of this study.
An institutionally approved, single-center retrospective analysis of all patients with appendectomy from January to December was conducted.
All diagnostic aspects were evaluated to identify predictors and differentiators of perforated appendicitis. In 2 years, children suffered from appendicitis. Perforation occurred in 47 Perforated appendicitis can be ruled out by the HAS. In a cohort with right-sided abdominal pain, perforation should be considered in children with high CRP levels and free fluids or abscess formation on ultrasound. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Spelling Sensitivity Score SSS beyond percentage correct scoring in analysing the spellings of children with specific language impairment SLI.
Participants were 31 children with SLI and 28 children with typical language in grades 2 through 4. Spellings of individual words were scored using two methods: a percentage correct and b SSS. Children with SLI scored lower than children with typical language when spelling was analysed with percentage correct scoring and with SSS scoring.
Additionally, SSS scoring highlighted group differences in the nature of spelling errors. Children with SLI were more likely than children with typical language to omit elements and to represent elements with an illegal grapheme in words, whereas children with typical language were more likely than children with SLI to represent all elements with correct letters. To develop a clinical score to predict appendicitis among older, male children who present to the emergency department with suspected appendicitis.
Patients with suspected appendicitis were prospectively enrolled at 9 pediatric emergency departments. A total of patients enrolled; a subset of male patients, age were analyzed in this secondary analysis. Outcomes were determined using pathology, operative reports, and follow-up calls. Test performance was assessed by calculating the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and likelihood ratios. The mean age was In patients with and without appendicitis, overall imaging rates were We developed an accurate scoring system for predicting appendicitis in older boys.
If validated, the score might allow clinicians to manage a proportion of male patients without diagnostic imaging. Published by Elsevier Inc. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Spelling Sensitivity Score SSS beyond percentage correct scoring in analyzing the spellings of children with specific language impairment SLI.
Participants were 31 children with SLI and 28 children with typical language in grades Spellings of individual words were scored using…. Children with unilateral hearing loss may have lower intelligence quotient scores : A meta-analysis. In this meta-analysis, we reviewed observational studies investigating differences in intelligence quotient IQ scores of children with unilateral hearing loss compared to children with normal hearing. A query identified all English-language studies related to pediatric unilateral hearing loss published between January and December Titles, abstracts, and articles were reviewed to identify observational studies reporting IQ scores.
There were unique titles, with 29 articles undergoing full review. Four articles were identified, which included children with unilateral hearing loss and children with normal hearing. Ages ranged from 6 to 18 years. Three studies were conducted in the United States and one in Mexico. All were of high quality. All studies reported full-scale IQ results; three reported verbal IQ results; and two reported performance IQ results. Children with unilateral hearing loss scored 6. This meta-analysis suggests children with unilateral hearing loss have lower full-scale and performance IQ scores than children with normal hearing.
There also may be disparity in verbal IQ scores. Laryngoscope, , Reliability of scoring arousals in normal children and children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. By this, a minimum duration of 3 seconds is required. A few recent studies utilized modified criteria for the study of children , with durations as short as 1 second.
However, the validity and reliability of scoring these shorter arousals have never been verified. Based on studies in adults, we hypothesized that interscorer agreement for scoring arousals shorter than 3 seconds was poor. Retrospective review of polysomnograms by 2 experienced sleep practitioners who independently scored arousals according to the ASDA 3-second criteria and modified duration criteria of 1 and 2 seconds. Academic hospital. The intraclass correlation coefficient for scoring ASDA arousals was 0.
The intraclass correlation coefficient for scoring modified 1-second and 2-second arousals were 0. We conclude that there is much poorer interscorer agreement for scoring arousals shorter than 3 seconds, when compared to the standard ASDA criteria. We propose that scoring of arousals in children should follow the standard ASDA criteria. Clinical significance of CD44 expression in children with hepatoblastoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of CD44 and its clinical significance in children suffering from hepatoblastoma HB. CD44 expression was detected with immunohistochemistry staining in 30 samples from hepatoblastoma children and 10 normal liver tissue samples from normal children.
The data obtained was statistically analyzed using the chi-square test, using the SPSS v. The rate of CD44 expression was significantly higher The new Epstein gleason score classification significantly reduces upgrading in prostate cancer patients. To evaluate the differences between the old and the new Gleason score classification systems in upgrading and downgrading rates. Between and , we identified patients treated with retropubic radical prostatectomy RP in four tertiary centers.
Biopsy specimens as well as radical prostatectomy specimens were graded according to both Gleason and ISUP five-tier Gleason grading system five-tier GG system. Upgrading and downgrading rates on radical prostatectomy were first recorded for both classifications and then compared.
The accuracy of the biopsy for each histological classification was determined by using the kappa coefficient of agreement and by assessing sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value. The new Epstein classification significantly reduces upgrading events. The implementation of this new classification could better define prostate cancer aggressiveness with important clinical implications, particularly in prostate cancer management. The aim of the study was to define the intellectual profile of Polish children suffering from autism.
Our study was based on the results of previous research, mostly conducted in English-speaking countries. Although these earlier studies documented the intellectual profile of an autistic child, they also identified some discrepancies. Therefore, we decided to complement the discussion on autism with our data on intellectual functioning of autistic Polish children examined with a translated version of the intelligence test.
The study followed a matching design. From among children with autism and 1 without this diagnosis, we selected 34 pairs based on gender and age, and not differing by more than 10 points in terms of intelligence quotient. As expected, the intellectual profile of children with autism proved more variable than that of healthy controls. Children with autism scored lower on "Comprehension" scale and at a threshold of statistical significance on "Object assembly" scale, and achieved higher results on "Information" and "Block design" scales.
The results of our study confirmed the most typical observations from previous research conducted among an English-speaking population of autistic children. Polish autistic children did not differ significantly in terms of their quotients of verbal and non-verbal intelligence. However, the intellectual profile of autistic children showed higher variance compared to normally developing controls. Children with autism were more likely to score the lowest in the "Comprehension" subtest and the highest in the "Block design" subtest.
Prognostic significance of Glasgow prognostic score in patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Recent studies have revealed that Glasgow prognostic score GPS , an inflammation-based prognostic score , is inversely related to prognosis in a variety of cancers; high levels of GPS is associated with poor prognosis.
Monte de la oratione
GPS had a hazard ratio HR of 2. Staging for liver fibrosis is recommended in the management of hepatitis C as an argument for treatment priority. Our aim was to construct a noninvasive algorithm to predict the significant liver fibrosis SLF using common biochemical markers and compare it with some existing models.
The study group included consecutive cases; SLF was defined as Ishak fibrosis stage greater than 2. The patient population was assigned randomly to the training and the validation groups of 52 cases each. The training group was used to construct the algorithm from parameters with the best predictive value. Each parameter was assigned a score that was added to the noninvasive fibrosis score NFS.
The probability of SLF was 2. The area under the receiver operating curve was 0. We devised an algorithm to calculate the NFS to predict SLF with good accuracy, fewer cases in the gray zone, and a straightforward clinical interpretation. NFS could be used for the initial evaluation of the treatment priority. Given the cardiovascular disease CVD related importance of understanding the true effects of exercise on adiposity in overweight and obese children and adolescents, this study examined whether there is evidential value to rule out excessive and inappropriate reporting of statistically significant results, a major problem in the published literature, with respect to exercise-induced improvements in BMI z- score among overweight and obese children and adolescents.
Using data from a previous meta-analysis of 10 published studies that included overweight and obese children and adolescents, a novel, recently developed approach p-curve was used to test for evidential value and rule out selective reporting of findings. Evidential value results confirm that exercise reduces BMI z- score in overweight and obese children and adolescents, an important therapeutic strategy for treating and preventing CVD.
The 16 children were divided equally into a control group and a vision therapy group. Near exophoria after vision therapy 7. Roberts, Rachel M. This study examined the effect of age-correction on IQ scores among preterm school-aged children. Corrected IQ scores were…. The intellectual profile of abused and neglected children in the Philippines: An analysis of SB5 IQ scores of sexually abused, physically abused and neglected children. Child abuse and neglect have been associated with cognitive deficits, among other effects on child development. This study explores the prediction that child abuse and neglect has an impact on Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales 5th Edition SB5 IQ scores , in relation to gender, age and type of abuse experienced.
Overall, all scores on the SB5 were found to be significantly lower than the minimum average scores on the test. Age and type of abuse with a moderate effect size on the other hand, showed significant differences among groups. There was a large effect size found in such an analysis. Age with a large effect size , gender and type of abuse with moderate effect sizes give significant variations to this obtained profile. Is the Bishop- score significant in predicting the success of labor induction in multiparous women?
To determine whether the Bishop- score upon admission effects mode of delivery, maternal or neonatal outcomes of labor induction in multiparous women. A retrospective study including multiparous women with a singleton pregnancy, 34 gestational weeks and above who underwent labor induction for maternal, fetal or combined indications. We evaluated labor course, maternal complications postpartum hemorrhage, manual lysis, uterine revision, perineal tear grade , need for blood transfusions, relaparotomy, prolonged hospitalization and neonatal outcomes Apgar score , cord pH, hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit, prolonged hospitalization.
Both groups had a high rate of vaginal deliveries There was no difference between the two groups in terms of maternal or neonatal outcomes. Labor induction in multiparous women is safe and successful regardless of the initial Bishop- score. In multiparous women the Bishop- score is not a good predictor for the success of labor induction, nor is it a predictor for maternal of neonatal adverse outcomes and complications. Pediatric trauma BIG score : predicting mortality in children after military and civilian trauma. To develop a validated mortality prediction score for children with traumatic injuries.
Admission base deficit, international normalized ratio, and Glasgow Coma Scale were independently associated with mortality in patients from the derivation set and patients in the validation set. The pediatric trauma BIG score is a simple method that can be performed rapidly on admission to evaluate severity of illness and predict mortality in children with traumatic injuries. The score has been shown to be accurate in both penetrating-injury and blunt-injury populations and may have significant utility in comparing severity of injury in future pediatric trauma research and quality-assurance studies.
In addition, this score may be used to determine inclusion criteria on admission for prospective studies when accurately estimating the mortality for sample size calculation is required. The importance of using the standard error of measurement SEm in determining reliability in test scores is emphasized. The SEm is compared to the hypothetical true score for standardized tests, and procedures for calculation of the SEm are explained. To evaluate the functional independence of children with hemophilia A and its correlation to radiological joint score.
Musculoskeletal function was measured in 98 patients using Functional Independence Score in Hemophilia FISH and index joints joints most commonly affected with repeated bleeding were assessed radiologically with plain X rays using Pettersson score. The mean FISH score was The mean Pettersson score was 3.
FISH seems to be a reliable tool for assessment of functional independence in patients with hemophilia A. Dietary diversity scores can be improved through the use of portion requirements: an analysis in young Filipino children. Early childhood malnutrition is a pressing international concern which dietary diversity scores summary scores of food groups in the diet may be helpful in addressing.
We explored three current research needs surrounding diversity scores : the impact of portion size on score function, the relationship of scores to nutrient adequacy and density and the ability of scores to function as screening tools. Cross sectional study of a birth cohort. We evaluated two nine food group dietary diversity scores based on 0 and 10 g minimum food group requirements for their relationship to nutrient adequacy and nutrient density. Both scores were significantly correlated with nutrient adequacy and density and predicted statistically significant increases P score.
We also considered the sensitivity and specificity of each score for detecting low and high nutrient adequacy in the population. The 10 g cutoff improved score ability to predict low nutrient adequacy, and reduced the misclassification of subjects for all comparisons. This research suggests that the score without portion requirements reflects dietary adequacy, but when feasible, further refinement of diversity scores is desirable through the application of minimum portion requirements.
Poor psychometric scores of children living in isolated riverine and agrarian communities and fish-methylmercury exposure. Because of heavy dependence on fish, Amazonian riparian communities are chronically exposed to high levels of methylmercury MeHg. Anthropometric assessment showed slightly elevated Z- scores for the Agrarian children not statistically significant but median HHg concentrations were In these isolated communities there are stronger determinants of neurocognitive poor performance than MeHg exposure. Global strategies for reducing human exposure to MeHg by curtailing fish consumption are unrealistic options for riverine subsistence populations and are not justifiable to prevent low cognitive scores.
Zinc, iron, and lead: relations to head start children 's cognitive scores and teachers' ratings of behavior. The objective of this study was to conduct a preliminary investigation of lead, zinc, and iron levels in relation to child cognition and behavior in a small sample of Head Start children. The design was cross-sectional and correlational.
Participants were 42 3- to 5-year-old children attending rural Head Start centers. Nonfasting blood samples of whole blood lead, plasma zinc, and ferritin were collected. Within this small low-income sample, the results imply both separate and interacting effects of iron, zinc, and lead. They underscore the importance of studying these three minerals in larger samples of low-income preschool children to make more definitive conclusions.
Identifying children with specific reading disabilities from listening and reading discrepancy scores. A method of identifying children with specific reading disabilities by identifying discrepancies between their reading and listening comprehension scores was validated with disabled and nondisabled readers in Grades 4, 5, and 6. In this modification, even-numbered sentences are read by subjects, and odd-numbered sentences are read by the test administrator as subjects listen. The features of this test that reduce demands on working memory, thereby making it suitable for the detection of a discrepancy between reading and listening comprehension in readers with disabilities, are discussed.
A significant group-by-modality interaction was obtained. Children with reading disabilities scored significantly lower on reading than on listening comprehension, while nondisabled readers scored slightly higher, but not significantly so, on reading than on listening comprehension. The appropriateness of this method as a substitute for the traditional method, which is based on the detection of a discrepancy between intelligence and reading and which has recently been proscribed in certain school districts, is discussed.
Issues concerning the listening comprehension skills of disabled readers are also discussed. The bacterial meningitis score to distinguish bacterial from aseptic meningitis in children from Sao Paulo, Brazil. Addition of cerebrospinal fluid lactate to the score did not improve clinical prediction rule performance. Purpose: This study examined the effects of single-language and conceptual scoring on the vocabulary performance of bilingual children with and without specific language impairment.
We assessed classification accuracy across 3 scoring methods. Analyzed the reliability and validity of scores of year-old Finnish male soccer players on the children 's version of the Perception of Success Questionnaire G. Roberts and others, Internal consistency coefficients for the two subscales' scores were high, and scores on both scales had strong construct validity.
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of movement instruction on children 's singing achievement scores. When controlling for age, four overarching questions and nine sub-questions were asked. First, when controlling for age, how do pitch achievement scores at the outset compare to pitch achievement scores after movement…. We examined the association between sleep behavior and cognitive functioning in 60 healthy children between 7 and 11 years of age under nonexperimental conditions.
Intellectual abilities were assessed by the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 4th edition and sleep variables by questionnaires, actigraphy, and sleep diaries. Malignant pleural mesothelioma MPM is a devastating neoplasm; however, some patients exhibit a good response to chemotherapy or multidisciplinary therapy, including surgery and chemotherapy. It is therefore important to discover the factors that can be used to select patients who will benefit from such treatment. The data of 83 patients, who were treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or multidisciplinary therapy, were analyzed in the present study.
This score provides useful information for selecting patients who will benefit from the treatment. It is hypothesized that children with hyperkinesis tend to repeat inappropriate behavior patterns more frequently than do other children. To assess this tendency to perseverate, a new scoring method using the Porteus Maze Test was devised. On a limited sample of children diagnosed as hyperkinetic and not hyperkinetic, analyses indicate that the….
The aim was to evaluate conceptual scoring of lexical organization in bilingual children with language impairment BLI and to compare BLI performance with monolingual children with language impairment MLI. A number of…. The Persian developmental sentence scoring as a clinical measure of morphosyntax in children.
Background: Developmental Sentence Scoring DSS was developed as a numerical measurement and a clinical method based on the morphosyntactic acquisition in the English language. The aim of this study was to develop a new numerical tool similar to DSS to assess the morphosyntactic abilities in Persian-speaking children. Methods: In this cross-sectional and comparative study, the language samples of typically developing Persian-speaking children aged 30 - 65 months were audio recorded during the free play and picture description sessions.
To measure the difference in Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey scores for reading vs favorite near visual activities. Comparative validity analysis of diagnostic tools. At a single clinical private practice, children aged with normal binocular vision were recruited to receive either the original survey emphasizing reading or a modified survey replacing "reading" with their favorite near activity.
Average survey scores and subscores for questions emphasizing fatigue, discomfort, impaired vision, and cognitive performance were compared using t tests, while responses to individual questions were compared using Mann-Whitney U tests. The average reading survey score was significantly greater than the favorite near activity survey score The largest difference resulted from questions emphasizing cognitive performance subscore 5.
Significant differences were found for 7 survey questions, with higher symptom scores for the reading survey in every case. The effect of L-thyroxine treatment on hypothyroid symptom scores and lipid profile in children with subclinical hypothyroidism. To evaluate i the frequency of typical hypothyroidism symptoms in children with subclinical hypothyroidism SH , ii to evaluate the association of SH with lipoproteins and iii to investigate possible improving effects of L-thyroxine LT4 treatment on these findings.
Anthropometric and laboratory lipid profile and thyroid function tests measurements were performed at diagnosis and six months after euthyroidism was achieved. All children were also subjected to a questionnaire on hypothyroid symptoms at diagnosis. The SH patients were subjected to the questionnaire also following treatment. Pre-treatment data were compared with those of controls and post-treatment measurements. Anthropometric and laboratory parameters of the groups were not statistically different except for higher TSH levels in the SH group. Serum lipoprotein levels and dyslipidemia frequency were similar between the groups.
Compared to the controls, hypothyroidism symptom score was significantly higher in the SH group. Six months after euthyroidism was achieved, a significant reduction in the hypothyroid symptom score was obtained in the SH group. Except for significantly higher serum TSH values, no significant differences regarding demographic characteristics, symptom scores and lipid parameters were present between patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis and the remaining SH patients.
The results of this study showed that in children with SH i the hypothyroidism symptom score was significantly higher than in euthyroid children , ii LT4 treatment improved the hypothyroidism symptom score and iii SH does not seem to be associated with dyslipidemia. Multicentre validation of the bedside paediatric early warning system score : a severity of illness score to detect evolving critical illness in hospitalised children. Introduction The timely provision of critical care to hospitalised patients at risk for cardiopulmonary arrest is contingent upon identification and referral by frontline providers.
Current approaches require improvement. The objective of this study was to validate the Bedside PEWS score in a large patient population at multiple hospitals. Methods We performed an international, multicentre, case-control study of children admitted to hospital inpatient units with no limitations on care. Case patients had experienced a clinical deterioration event involving either an immediate call to a resuscitation team or urgent admission to a paediatric intensive care unit.
Control patients had no events. The scores ranged from 0 to 26 and were assessed in the 24 hours prior to the clinical deterioration event. Score performance was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic AUCROC curve by comparison with the retrospective rating of nurses and the temporal progression of scores in case patients. Results A total of 2, patients were evaluated at 4 participating hospitals. The median interquartile range maximum Bedside PEWS scores for the 12 hours ending 1 hour before the clinical deterioration event were 8 5 to 12 in case patients and 2 1 to 4 in control patients P scores were 5.
Scores were elevated and continued to increase in the 24 hours before the clinical deterioration event. The influence of a specialized intervention on test performance. Intelligence measures play a pivotal role in the diagnosis of mathematical learning disabilities MLD. However, it remains unclear whether the effects of math remediation extend to IQ scores.
Children received remediation for two years on average. Taking limitations into account, we discuss the use of IQ measures more generally for defining MLD in research and practice. Low motor performance scores among overweight children : poor coordination or morphological constraints? This study examined whether lower motor performance scores can be full attributed to poor coordination, or whether weight related morphological constraints may also affect motor performance.
Data for children and adolescents from the longitudinal Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort Raine Study were grouped into normal weight, overweight and obese categories based on the International Obesity Task Force cut points. There were no significant differences in overall motor performance scores between weight status groups at 10 years, but at 14 years, the normal weight group achieved better scores than the obese group p scored higher than the overweight and obese groups on the jump task at 10 p [Nutritional risk screening and its clinical significance in children hospitalized in the surgical department].
To investigate nutritional risk and its relationship with clinical outcome in children hospitalized in the surgical department, and to provide a scientific basis for clinical nutrition management. Nutritional risk screening was performed on children hospitalized in the surgical department using the Screening Tool for Risk on Nutritional Status and Growth.
The data on nutritional support during hospitalization, incidence of infectious complications, length of hospital stay, post operative length of hospital stay and total hospital expenses were recorded. Of the cases, Congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, intestinal obstruction and congenital heart disease were the three most common types of high nutritional risk. The incidence of high nutritional risk was significantly higher in infants than in other age groups P children with high nutritional risk received parenteral nutrition.
Children with high nutritional risk were significantly more likely to have weight loss than children with low nutritional risk P Children with high nutritional risk had significantly increased incidence of infectious complications, length of hospital stay, post operative length of hospital stay and total hospital expenses compared with those with moderate or low nutritional risk P children hospitalized in the surgical department. Nutritional risk score is correlated with clinical outcome.
Nutritional support for these children is not yet properly provided. Nutritional risk screening and standard nutritional support should be widely applied among hospitalized children. This study measured reliability between stroke patients' and significant others' scores on items on the Reintegration to Normal Living RNL Index and whether there were any scoring biases.
The item RNL Index was administered to 57 pairs of patients and significants six months after stroke rehabilitation. The index was scored using a point visual analogue scale. Patient and significant other demographic information and data on patients' clinical, functional and cognitive status were collected. Reliability was measured using the intra-class correlation coefficient ICC and percent agreement. There was a moderate bias for patients to rate themselves as achieving better reintegration than was indicated by significant others, although no demographic or clinical factors were associated with this bias.
Exact match agreement was best for the subjective items and worse for items reflecting mobility around the community and participation in a work activity. Caution is needed when interpreting patient information reported by significant others on the RNL Index. The use of a shorter scale to rate the RNL Index requires investigation. Numerous measuring instruments for the evaluation of hemophilic arthropathy have been developed. One of the most used systems is the Hemophilia Joint Health Score HJHS given its sensitivity to clinical changes appearing in the joints because of recurrent hemarthrosis.
Descriptive statistics range, mean, standard deviation and the analysis of interrater reliability were calculated. The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased dramatically in the United States during the past three decades. This increase has adverse public health implications, but its implication for children 's academic outcomes is less clear.
Between 1. Published by Elsevier Ltd. The prediction of protein-ligand binding affinity has recently been improved remarkably by machine-learning-based scoring functions. For example, using a set of simple descriptors representing the atomic distance counts, the RF- Score improves the Pearson correlation coefficient to about 0. A few studies have been made to discuss the performance of machine-learning-based methods, but the reason for this improvement remains unclear. In this study, by systemically controlling the structural and sequence similarity between the training and test proteins of the PDBbind benchmark, we demonstrate that protein structural and sequence similarity makes a significant impact on machine-learning-based methods.
After removal of training proteins that are highly similar to the test proteins identified by structure alignment and sequence alignment, machine-learning-based methods trained on the new training sets do not outperform the conventional scoring functions any more.
On the contrary, the performance of conventional functions like X- Score is relatively stable no matter what training data are used to fit the weights of its energy terms. Mothers of children attending nursery schools completed the Behavior Style Questionnaire BSQ from which scores for nine temperament categories were derived. Found membership in groups based on factor scores independent of sex, socioeconomic class, age but not ordinal birth position. HIV-associated cognitive disorders in perinatally infected children and adolescents: a novel composite cognitive domains score.
Accurate assessment of HIV-associated cognitive disorders in perinatally infected children and adolescents is challenging. Assessments of general intellectual functioning, or global cognition, may not provide information regarding domain-specific strengths and weaknesses, and may therefore fail to detect, impaired trajectories of development within particular cognitive domains. We compare the efficacy of global cognitive scores to that of composite cognitive domain scores in detecting cognitive disorders in a sample of perinatally HIV-infected children , and a demographically matched HIV negative control group, drawn from the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort CTAAC study.
All children were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. Using data from that test battery, we created ten separate composite cognitive domains: general intellectual functioning, attention, working memory, visual memory, verbal memory, language, visual spatial ability, motor coordination, processing speed and executive function. We found that composite domain scores calculated on whole-sample data were significantly higher than those calculated using control-sample data. Our comparison of a global cognitive score to composite domain scores suggested that the latter provided more detailed information regarding strengths, weaknesses, areas of impairment , and when compared to global scores , were more sensitive in detecting HIV-associated cognitive disorders, and were able to distinguish HIV-infected patients from uninfected controls.
Hence, we recommend using this method of composite cognitive domains scores , rather than global aggregate scores , when assessing cognitive function in paediatric HIV. This method provides a convenient and relatively accurate assessment that might help with cross-cultural and cross. Significant correlation of comprehensive Aristotle score with total cardiac output during the early postoperative period after the Norwood procedure. The comprehensive Aristotle score has been proposed as an individualized measure of the complexity of a given surgical procedure and has been reported to significantly correlate with postoperative morbidity and mortality after the Norwood procedure.
An important factor leading to postoperative morbidity and mortality is low cardiac output. We studied the correlation between the comprehensive Aristotle score and cardiac output CO in infants after the Norwood procedure. Respiratory mass spectrometry was used to continuously measure systemic oxygen consumption VO 2 in 22 infants for 72 hours postoperatively.
Arterial, superior vena caval and pulmonary venous blood gases were measured at 2 to 4 hour intervals to calculate CO. The comprehensive Aristotle score was collected. Hospital mortality was 4. The comprehensive Aristotle score ranged from Comprehensive Aristotle score significantly negatively correlates with CO after the Norwood procedure. A preoperative estimation of the comprehensive Aristotle score , particularly in association with myocardial dysfunction, mechanical ventilation to treat cardiorespiratory failure, atrioventricular valve regurgitation and aortic atresia may help to anticipate a high postoperative morbidity with low cardiac output syndrome.
The motor and language skills, emotional and behavioural problems of children were measured at school entry. Fine motor scores were significantly predicted by hyperactivity, phonetic awareness, prosocial behaviour, and the presence of medical problems. Gross motor scores were significantly predicted by the presence of medical problems. Hunger and overweight in Canadian school-aged children : A propensity score matching analysis. The last decade saw a higher prevalence of overweight reported among food-insecure families in Canada, but no robust evidence exists on the covariate-adjusted association in children.
In this study, we examined the association between hunger and overweight in Canadian students, using a propensity score matching analysis to reduce confounding. Students self-reported their height and weight and how often they have gone to school or to bed hungry due to a lack of food at home. The overall prevalence of overweight among students was Analysis on the matched sample revealed a significant association between hunger and overweight in children adjusted odds ratio: 1.
A substantial number of Canadian students have reported being hungry because of a lack of food at home. These students are at increased risk of overweight, regardless of their social class. Child hunger and household food insecurity exist in Canada and constitute a call for policy action at a national level.
Prediction of Bayley and Stanford-Binet scores with a group of very low birthweight children. To study the prediction of cognitive development with a group of very low birthweight infants Scores were studied in a population of children with birthweights significant advantages were associated with female and higher SES. When information available at birth was included in forward stepwise regression analyses to predict the S-B Composite at 4 years, the best predictors were MDI at 18 months and SES.
With the measures employed and this population, prediction of cognitive development from early childhood to preschool was possible. This may enable reliable identification of those children at risk for delayed cognitive development who require intervention before starting school. Lead exposure and the achievement test scores of children in New York counties. Background Lead is toxic to cognitive and behavioral functioning in children even at levels well below those producing physical symptoms.
Continuing efforts in the U. The current study examines how much lead toxicity continues to impair the academic achievement of children of New York State, using test data. Methods This study relies on three sets of data published for the 57 New York counties outside New York City: school achievement data from the New York State Department of Education, data on incidence of elevated blood lead levels from the New York State Department of Health, and data on income from the U.
Census Bureau. We studied third grade and eighth grade test scores in English Language Arts and mathematics.
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Using the county as the unit of analysis, we computed bivariate correlations and regression coefficients, with percent of children achieving at the lowest reported level as the dependent variable and the percent of preschoolers in the county with elevated blood lead levels as the independent variable. Then we repeated those analyses using partial correlations to control for possible confounding effects of family income, and using multiple regressions with income included.
Results The bivariate correlations between incidence of elevated lead and number of children in the lowest achievement group ranged between 0. The partial correlations ranged from 0. The regression coefficients, both bivariate and partial both estimating the increase in percent of children in the lowest achievement group for every percent increase in the children with elevated blood lead levels , ranged from 0. All regression coefficients, when rounded to the nearest integer, were approximately 1.
Thus, when the. Paediatric nutrition risk scores in clinical practice: children with inflammatory bowel disease. There has been increasing interest in the use of nutrition risk assessment tools in paediatrics to identify those who need nutrition support. Four non-disease specific screening tools have been developed, although there is a paucity of data on their application in clinical practice and the degree of inter-tool agreement.
There was no agreement between the risk tools and the degree of malnutrition based on anthropometric data kappa children had anthropometry consistent with malnutrition and these were all scored high risk. Four children had body mass index SD scores scored at low nutrition risk. The relevance of nutrition screening tools for children with chronic disease is unclear. In addition, there is the potential to under recognise nutritional impairment and therefore nutritional risk in children with inflammatory bowel disease.
Finds that lower reading scores were related to evidence of past or present middle ear infection among American Indian children in northern and southern Ontario. Discusses the high incidence of otitis media among young Indian children , and educational implications. Contains 29 references. Hand, Brittany N. Michele; Nichols-Larsen, Deborah S. Understanding characteristics associated with burden in caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder ASD is critical due to negative health consequences.
We explored the association between child sensory subtype, sensory dimension scores , and caregiver burden. Purpose: To evaluate the clinical utility of the narrative scoring scheme NSS as an index of narrative macrostructure for young school-age children. Method: Oral retells of a wordless picture book were elicited from typically developing children , ages A series of correlations and hierarchical regression equations were completed using…. Out-of-School Time programs and their impact on standardized college entrance exam scores for black or African-American children of single parents who have applied for a competitive college scholarship program is the study focus.
Study importance is supported by the large percentage of black children raised by single parents, the large percentage…. Impact of chest radiography for children with lower respiratory tract infection: a propensity score approach. Management of acute respiratory tract infection varies substantially despite this being a condition frequently encountered in pediatric emergency departments. Previous studies have suggested that the use of antibiotics was higher when chest radiography was performed.
However none of these analyses had considered the inherent indication bias of observational studies. The aim of this work was to assess the relationship between performing chest radiography and prescribing antibiotics using a propensity score analysis to address the indication bias due to non-random radiography assignment. We conducted a prospective study of children younger than 2 years of age who presented during the winter months of for suspicion of respiratory tract infection at the Pediatric Emergency Department of an urban general hospital in France Paris suburb.
We first determined the individual propensity score probability of having a chest radiography according to baseline characteristics. Then we assessed the relation between radiography and antibiotic prescription using two methods: adjustment and matching on the propensity score. Chest radiography has a significant impact on the management of infants admitted for suspicion of respiratory tract infection in a pediatric emergency department and may lead to unnecessary administration of antibiotics.
Low aerobic fitness and obesity are associated with lower standardized test scores in children. To investigate whether aerobic fitness and obesity in school children are associated with standardized test performance. California standardized test scores were obtained from the school district. Ethnic differences in standardized test scores were consistent with ethnic differences in obesity status and aerobic fitness. BMI-for-age was no longer a significant multivariate predictor when covariates included fitness level. Low aerobic fitness is common among youth and varies among ethnic groups, and aerobic fitness level predicts performance on standardized tests across ethnic groups.
More research is needed to uncover the physiological mechanisms by which aerobic fitness may contribute to performance on standardized academic tests. In this study, it was examined whether the WISC-R test scores of gifted children differ according to their area of special ability or not. The class level of the children varies…. To study the clinical significance of MESS scoring system in the treatment of fractures of lower limb combined with vascular injuries, and to evaluate its reliance.
From March to March , 28 patients with fractures of lower limb combined with vascular injuries were graded by MESS scoring system. There were 17 patients were male and 11 patients were female, ranging in age from 23 to 53 years, averaged 38 years.