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Clancy, Bishop of Elphin.. Clarke, Frankfort, Blackrock, Co. Dublin 5 0 0 5 0 0 Edward Martyn.. P O Cionaoith, Seip. The Gaelic League of Bolivia. First instalment, forwarded June 21st, 7 0 B5. Amaya-Pampa, Bolivia, IL January 15, A A11 Cf.. IA1m-re orm 50 mbe1'0. Grafton Street. Callaghan, Esq. See Part I. I hope it is not too hot. Take a sip to test it. NORA-Yes, mother. Is he to be here? I sent him for the priest's portmanteau. I"m putting up at the hotel. Now I know what is in your mind. You would like to say Mass to-morrow morning. The Church is not a gunshot fron1 us, and Daniel can be your acolyte.

If he has anything special to do he is sharp enough in the rnormng. Rtl'O e The Kilkenny Woodworkers have. Irish linen loose cases are qmte mce. C'C, r. C :Se. Jd1f' 'f. H f50lt1'0e.. Ct: nit 'Oee- te1r. C te1r. C'C t:. C 50 teot' te. CC 't'. T', ,. Ct: '1f'. TI mbeAt. L 'Oe. T' 'Oe te.. Call and Choose your Material and we will Gu. It is no longer a question of Justice to the Insh language, but one of justice to Ir:eland that the Board has to consider. Eoin MacN ei. An Craoibhin and Mr. Dillon spoke at length on the necessity of creating a profession of secondary teachers.


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Professor Corcoran of the National University. Thomas O'Donnell. The Intermediate system is a bad limb of our national organism. It has a dozen sores that spread their contagion to the whole nation. It is certain that the money cure will not be effective if administered unaccompanied by drastic drafts. The opposition to the Irish language, and the hatred to al things Irish must go, the closed door that excludes poor brilliant boys and girls must be thrown open, the teacher must be raised to a position of worth and honour, freedom to teach their own programmes must be given to the schools.

It is questionable whether it is not waste of time to call for the reform of a body that has proved itself so hopeless and so bad. It is certain, however, that the present Commissioners can no longer continue on their old course. Ireland will tolerate their defiance and foolery no longer. We gave helplessly, but freely, and our return is to force us all ito foreign Enzlish channels of thought and life, so that our plains supply flocks for the English market, our schools may turn out human machines for the service of a land that is not ours.

Our land does not count. Are we gomg to stand it? This intolerable system could not be maintained a vear without the consent of the directors and. The suggestion made by our correspondent in our issue of last week has attracted much attention.

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The fa. Patrick's Day in support of the Language Fund. The day is an appropriate one for an appeal to national sentiment, and Dublin, when properly appealed to, is never niggardly. The members of the city G. There are other reasons, loo, for the organisation of good Irish amusements of St. Patrick's Since it became a holiday by Iaw;. It would be useless and worse to reform the finances of the Board unless the Board itself were reformed also. The more money spent on a bad system the worse for the people of Ireland.

There will be no peace until the Irish education house is set in order with its back to the wind and its door to the sunshine'. Irish Intermediate education was comparable to the slave system because it aimed at making all Irish boys clerks or sorters without any consideration of the country's requirements. The Committee passed a resolution recommending the striking at once of a rate in aid of the National University. The minority who voted against the resolution held that the rate should not be struck until Father Manning, P. It was said that " the old Tory bodies in charge of the Queen's College were in favour of the old sty le of Gaelic, and that, if this move was persisted in, there would be no grants from the County Councils, and that in the case of the scholarships the boys would be sent to Dublin where Modern Irish got fair play.

If the extreme course adopted by the Leitrim County Council were necessary to induce the Galway College to adopt an Irish course of studies somewhat similar to that of Dublin and Cork, and to remove the regulations that make a foreign language, not English or Latin, compulsory on students of Irish, it would, we fear, be too late to attempt to save the College from itself.

P7 The Coiste Gnotha passed a resolution at its last meeting suggesting that the Irish programme should not be more difficult than that of the other Colleges. The resolution was proposed by Eoin Mac Neill and supported by at least five other University Professors, all of whom were competent judges. The Galway College authorities should give the resolution some consideration.

It embodies expert opinion and comes from a body that is friendly to the College, and most anxious for the success of the Irish faculty therein. The piling on of old Irish bas already bad the effect of turning students away from Irish studies, and if the extreme difficulty of the programme be maintained the inevitable effect will be to drive Modern Irish out of the Galway College.

It is not yet too late to adjust the programme for next year to popular requirements. We trust that the College authorities will have the good sense! O ee that such action as the Leitrim County Counci ha thought necessary to take in this matter,would,were it to. A few years ago there were nine travelling teachers of Irish at work in Wexford.

To-day the number of teachers in the county is much lower, but the County Committee, which held its quarterly meeting last week, decided on adopting immediately a vigorous plan of campaign for the more efficient organisation of the towns and rural districts. We trust that the recommendation of the County Committee will be adopted, and that Wexford's exWe have ample will be followed in other places. We can never progress except by individual conquests. Our warfare is one of single combat. We cannot mow down West Britons with grape shot. We mus t convince them individually and turn them into good Irish citizens.

The true and useful Gael is he who when he has de-anglicised himself goes and convinces West Britons of the evil of their ways. A little mor vigour, a little more self-sacrifice, and a more ardent patriotism are sorely needed. A Chara, Your dearnhan clodora dropped from the opening passage of my letter last week, recommending a football match at Jones's Road on St. This omission left the proposed " local " entertainments at Tralee and Dundal'c without point. The County Committee passed the following resolution:-" That we view with alarm and regret the influx of foreign and debasing literature into our towns on Sundays, and that in the combined interests of nationality and morality we call on the clergy of all denominations, our public boards, and the public generally, to check this growing evil.

We have been informed that a majorityfof the North Dublin Guardians refused at their last 'meeting to give any proof that the newly-elected Relieving Officer has a knowledge of Irish. The Dublin Coiste Ceanntair holds written promises to support the Gaelic League programme from several of the Guardians. The promises It is plain that given to them have been broken. I hope the matter has been taken up as 1 feel convinced the fiuture would realise all that I have claimed for it and much more.

If you want a special sh. Ladies' Cashmere Oomblnatl ' ' ' ' , per air. Dress Shirts Collars and Cuffs ' ' ' ' ' , pe1 air. Men's Hose, Wool Shirts and Pants. I ns Irish Kid Gloves:. I am rather a bigot on the subject. It is a thoroughly bad system from top to bottom hear, hear. There are many reforms required. First of all, a reform of the central control and the general method of its organisation. Secondly, a reform of and of progra!

Thirdly, a reform of the methods of teaching, the number of subjects taught, and the class of subjects taught. Fourthly, of. I have frequently explained why I consider this to be the most urgent and necessary of all reforms. I consider it to be most urgent and necessary because it is the foundation of all reform.

Hyde has advocated if you continue to maintain such conditions for the Secondary teachers of this country as will repel all men of ability and ambition from following that profession hear, hear. This country was made an absolute desert in this matter by successive confiscation and civil commotions. With the exception of the Erasmus Smith Schools and a few Grammar Schools which have survived, the educational establishments of Ireland were swept clean, whereas in England there is not a section of the country that is not covered with rich endowments which have come down for ages from pious founders whose endowments have increased in wealth as year!

I say we cannot hope to obtain all the reforms we desire, and I think, as a practical man, I would venture to mention some of the reforms which I think might be obtained this vear, or looked for. That is the first step-the foundation. Thirdly, some system of promotion. Fourthly, some improvement in the condition? Now, let me say one word on an important subject to which the Chairman has already alluded, and that is the question of co-ordination.

There is a co1;1troversy going on in the country? I thmk thi;1. Continued 1. RC-1r '06c. C1m 'C. NO:S A:S reacc. The servant places two dishes on the table, a leg of mutton on one dish and bacon and cabbage on the other. RL-tl1 6t. R 'C-tl 1 t. I know Tim does not take soup ; he prefers meat. I don't think it is overdone. It js long since I tasted cabbage. ST-I am not surprised. I have not tasted a floury potato since I left Ireland. They are not to be had ; or if they are they don't comE' into the big towns. It is a long time since I tasted bacon and white cabbage.

They remind me of many things. I am told they are very fond of sweets ronder. Co nan ffi. At' fe. C'C roc. C 50 te1r 6. CC ceacc. CC If. C'C ni mone. C l1ft11t m. O Cit' feO. U, te1r. C mbt'C. C '00 t. It is permanent and br. Maguire has assumed towards the Galway College. He is a prominent worker in Gaelic League matters, a man who has deservedly very great influence in the West, and, I fear, that his letter will be eagerly seized as an excuse for not fulfilling their pledges by many Co.

Councillors His letter is, in fact, a throughout the province. Councillors who are welldisposed towards the language, some will be found to oppose the University rate for the simple reason I hope it that Dr. Maguire has said they ought to. Maguire has sufficient justification for urging so extreme a course. Programme and see if it ought to be taken as a proper standard of University teaching or University examinations, and if it can be shown that it is entirely too low, then the groundwork of Dr.

Maguire's contention completely fails. Maguire w1? Maguire so highly approves of, and see it they are of a range advanced and comprehensive enough to satisfy this condition.

62 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

The works for , are: 1 se. U5ADA, pp. Maguire well knows, are of a very elementary character. It is clear, therefore, that the pass B. And the candidate who restricted his read mg to the texts on the Programme, would have a poor chance of faring well at the examina-. It is popularly supposed that a roll-top desk must of necessity be made in America.

The Kilkenny Woodworkers, 6, 7, 8 Nassau Street Dublin, are turning out capital examples of thes; useful articles. Now Reopened under new management. Extrernelv comfortable and well-ventilated Appreciated and Turkish Baths. I shall submit them if he papers given since then. Maguire, and let him judge from' these which of the two. But Intermediate students who want to course. Maguire calls on the Co. Councils to h:eak their pledges and boycott the College. Maguire referred to the courses in Modern Languages.

With great respect, I submit such references are not to the point. The status of Irish in the University should not be regulated by the position of French or German or other foreizn language. Dr: Mag? I do not feel quite so certain as Dr. Maguire on this point. Maguire purposes to do with Galway. It may suffer severely if considerations other than academic fitness are taken into account in the appointment? Maguire and his friends can kill Galway if they are so determined. Gaels remember! Typewriting and Duplicating in Irish or English at reasonable rates.

D:nachtman, a natural speaker of Connacht Insh, inheriting all the traditions of the language, who had been cradled and crooned in a its sweet tones and cadences. Irish as a boy with the enthusiasm of the earliest and best days of the Gaelic League, and has beyond doubt done as much for spoken Irish as any man in Ireland. Yet t1? Maguire, M. Conor Maguire now raise the seoinsn cry of too much Irish. He himself does not hesitate to impute motives to the professor and academic council, though he has no more reasonable motive to impute to them than the purpose of turning His object is easily students away from Galway.

Irish language to the fore-front of University studies, and he will not be intimidated by the shouts of disappointed men into degrading the language of Ireland's greatness. Corrnamona, 11 Feabhra, We would like to draw our readers' attention to an interesting announcement which appears in our advertising columns, the announcement of the Brother Fitzpatrick Memorial Concert which the Committee in charge of this undertaking have decided to hold on Wednesday, the 22nd inst.

In Irish Ireland circles it was generally admitted that the most outstanding function during the past year was the Gaelic League Athletic Carnival which was held at Jones's Road in July. The great success which attended this venture was in a great measure due to the whole-hearted manner in which the Gaelic Athletic bodies in the city co-operated with the Gaelic League, and hopes were entertained that this was but the commencement of the happy combination of the two great hodies interested in Ireland's language and An Athletic Carnival on even a games and pastimes.

In addition to the usual attractions of a Ceilidh, some A Ladies' prominent artistes are being engaged. Committee are in charge of the catering, etc. Tickets price 2s. Irish Ecclesiastical Art. We would respectfully suggest to the Clergy, and the heads of Religious Orders, the advisability of paying a visit before ordering Church Plate, or other Art Metal work, to the extensive establishment of Messrs. The firm employ a large staff of skilled Irishmen and eminently deserving of appreciation and support.

Oatmeal, Indian Meal' and Rice Flour, stating the name of the Irish Mill in which said article is ground, and signed by the contractor and owner of the mill. On acceptance of the Tender, the Contractor shall at once deliver One Ton of Flour identical to the Workhouse sample, which will be held in store to test all future deliveries. The ton so delivered to be renewed once a month. Contractors will be required to strictly comply with Articles 7 and 13 of the Union Accounts Order, , which state that the second meeting of each month shall be the Stated Finance Meeting, and that accounts which should be furnished monthly on official forms only must be in the hands of the Clerk three clear days.

Intending Contractors are particularly re-quested to read over carefully the Tender and Bond before signing them. The half-years end on the 30th September. Sealed Tenders, printed forms of which can be had on application to the Master of the Workhouse, and none other will be considered, to be lodged with me not later than 12 o'clock noon on the rst March, , on which day they will be opened by the Board.

The Guardians do not bind themselves to accept the lowest or any Tender.


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  6. Clerk's Office, Board-room, ' James' -street, Dublin. Bound in Irish Linen. Price as. CtH'f11 n-e. These can be had from. Sheehan's notes, for never was the language of the fair and the market paid a handsomer compliment than in the scholarly manner in which it has been examined in these notes.

    O'Donoghue, and with John Mitchel's Introduction. By Rev. Mulcahy, P. Eighth Edition ; 4oth Thousand ; Cr. C'C, tr:se. A one-act play by 'Com. T' above three Plays were successfully performed ne at the Oireachta. New edi1ion now ready, 3d. Part I. N'ew edition now ready. Kfllaloe Slates all sizes. BufldlngBrlcksChimney Cans. Address-" Linst:ed," Dublin. Breeders and Feeders," when it's used, a prompt improvement find. An Industry which Irishmen may well regard with pride.

    For further particulars apply to. No charge for Attendance. DE GO. Support Irish Manufacture. Coffins, Hearses, Coaches, and every Funeral Requlalte. Country Undertakers aupplled. Abbey Street '. Petrol Tank Silencers. Steel Beaded Mud Guards. Radiators and Lamps, etc!! Bodies Pannelled, Galvanized and z. Country inquiries receive immediate attention, Telephone Hat Plnszetc. WE We, therefore, can offer the pick of th- Market at. All Corn. Of COtil. C mbE? CC 1r ''5 50 5ce.. Sur 'O'te1cre. NEW Cq:-e C'C 'C.

    C'C '00 f. C Dp11L. Tl te. CU1'0 f:Se. CUi'O tE". CC 'C. C fifU1t lU. Af cipe. Seo e. Tl crneJ. Sean C'. Eustace, Bros. Jessop, L. I, se. Teevan and Family, 36 Northumberland Road Chas. Dawson, Esq. Serpentine A venue murnm:q-t u1 co11cuo. Holden and family, -Ce. Cornwall and family, Herbert Road C. Egan, "Baggotrath" Jt r 50 le IC t10m C. Andrew St. Combridge 2 2 ,.. O'Neill, Esq. O IO Croabh Messrs. CJ'II ce -cir eo;s. Ct"1m As La. The competition is open co all members of Eire Og, and the usual rules are to be observed. Competitors will please state their age.

    UJ, mA1l"e b. Stapleton and family, Strand Road Smaller sums Total. CC orbpe. Oft11t f. Most Hoty Cross and of the Sisters of St. Vincent de Paw, special crass arrangements being made for these. The course 01 study in these includes lectures on the Advanced Lrrammar of the Language, and the reading of selections rrom Keating. It is encouraging to see the County Councils fulfilling the promises they made to the University.

    Many of them: moved by a spirit that honours our public men, have decided not to wait until Irish is to be an essential subject in the scholarship examinations. The enemies of Irish who told the Senate that the Councils would never pay a penny, now know that we have public men to whom patriotism and honour are not strangers.

    The Hon. Phelan, a leading banker, John B. Kenny, and James P. The Philadelphia meeting is fixed for April 6th. The Secretary is Mr. Brian Kelleher, South Broad Street, Philadelphia, with whom friends, at home or in the States, who can help, should communicate. It nas frequently been stated by the Envoys, that the subscriptions from individuals in reply to a personal appeal are their most fruitful source or income.

    They have asked again and again for the addresses of friends of the Gaelic League in the States. They have also requested members of the Gaelic League at home to write to their acquaintances in the States, asking them to communicate with either An tAthair O Flannagain or Fionan Mac Coluim.

    We publish this week a. Brady, East Clearfield St. Gillan, Felsom St. Keating, Moore Street. Greene, Han berger Street. The Chair was taken by Ven. Archdeacon M'Kenna, P. He called. M'Kenna, J. He dwelt at length on the work done for the encouragement and support of Irish industries since the inThat district auguration of the Gaelic movement. Let Branches of the Gaelic League bring this before the thousands of young men from Irish-speaking districts employed as shop assistants in every town. Let the young men themselves take the matter up. They will help on the ca.

    Again, at social gatherings, in the workshop, in the hay field, around the Chapel gate on Sunday mornings, it should be a point of honour with all who can speak our language to do so; and as for the salutations, these expressive greetings should be in universal use even by those who have the misfortune not to know Trish. The path to national regeneration was no primrose path, and to shirk a difficultv merely because it was a difficultv boded ill for the moral stamina of their future nationality hear, hear.

    The resolutions were seconded by Rev. Maguire, C. Meehan, C. A new travelling teacher has been appointed for the district. I saw a table revolving bookcase in the Kilkenny Woodworkers' Dublin shop the other day that quite took my fancy. It makes a very acceptable present, without being too expensive,. I am not vet done with Mr. There should be no silly side-issues in a purely academic question. I have never admitted mvself to be m the wrong: in anything.

    The facts are indeed the other way. He will not adnut himself wronz in his absurd interpretation of the phrase, 0 but actually winds up his lette. I have even distrusted my own prev10us knowledge of it, and have gone to the trouble of asking many Munster speakers and scholars of Irish about their application of the expression.

    The most straightforward Irish for " he blushed " is in Munster uo t. This I prefer to al! A distinction is rightly drawn in some districts between t. This I overlooked in giving a certain phrase. As earnest of my desire to make myself still more exact in my facts, I would now once again revise my attempts at translating uo uuo. My first attempt was too faithful, as it was the popular method of translating it. My second was too long and roundabout, not to say prolix, but probably served its purpose as an explanation. Here, then, is what occurred to me one evening when I was having a chat with co n.

    Sn rn. However, I understood every word, and such a clear impression was conveyed to my brain that at once the ordinary English idiom or whatever we may call it for the same idea sprang suddenly, as it were, before my mind's eye. This is, "He became purple and speechless with rage. Any artist will inform Mr. Foley, if he goes to more trouble than he has hitherto gone to in the matter, that one shade of purple arises from the combination of black and red. In conclusion, let me add that my goal is truth and facts. Foley's, on the other hand, appears to be to score off an opponent, usually with venom, and especially " to give a dog a bad name.

    If necessary, I shall fight him with some of his own weapons. The minutes of the various sub-committees were ratified. The following Branches were affiliated :' t,. TI :S. Olll1 1 Stt. Douglas Hyde in the Chair. Minutes of last meeting taken as read were signed. It was stated that the census office would give all facilities in the matter, and that arrangements would be made that papers filled up in Irish would be properly and efficiently dealt with.

    Any Make of Typewriter Repaired. In Ath Cliath. Assistant Secretary. After a lengthened discussion in which nearly all the delegates present joined, the report was adopted, and the recommendations made by the Sub-Committee as to the better working of the various Sub-Committees approved of. The Chairman said that the delegates were under a deep debt of gratitude to Micheal O Caomhanaigh and to Michsal O Foghluclha for their patient work in connexion with the Sub-Committee. Proceedings will commence at 8 p.

    A splendid programme has been The delegates present undertook to arranged for. Tickets for same may be had from the Secs. The Carnival Sub-Committee are busily engaged in making preliminary arrangements for 2nd Annual Event, the date of which will be announced later. Some of the delegates present were of the opinion that the Feis should be dropped for a year or two as the support given to the projectlby the general public and by Gaelic Leaguers even fell far short of what might reasonably be expected.

    On the other hand many delegates were altogether opposed to the idea of Feis being discontinued as it was absolutely necessary that Annual Examinations be held in connexion with the Branches. It was urged against the holding of a Feis this year that the time was now very short to successfully The majority of the delegates organise one. The annual general meeting was held on Tuesday, There was a very full attenda1;1ce 31st ult. Mac Tornaighe.

    Stafford, P. The members of thf' old Committee were re-elected with one or two exceptions. A long discussion took place in reference to. The action of! Centrally situated and up-to-datt in every respect. Club Dinners a Speciality. Purchasers can avoid all risk of being deceived by insisting that each Tie bears a label with the words. Country Undertakers supplied.

    Support Irish Manufacture,. Radiators and Lamps, etc. Bodies Pannelled, Galvanized and Zinc Ventilators, etc. Hat Pins, etc. The only Irish concern founded and See the Colour - take no other. Artificial Manures. The Manager, ''. WE We, therefore, can offer the pick of the Market at. SeOLfd'O Ct. A5ur t Com tu. Arrangements for holding the above Collection in every parish in Ireland should be taken in hands at once and pushed forward vigorously by all Gaelic League bodies and by individual Leaguers through the country. The quantities of posters, collecting sheets or other Seachtmhain na Gaedhilge material required should be specified at the same time, and names and full postal addresses of parties to whom these are to be forwarded should be stated.

    C6 ti1 R. C A5t1f m un o, mbero Ctt10l1A1'0 me C E;t1r A5 5r. A'r C0Af. Al' cor Al' brc ;so bpurl. SeAmu1r ; -oeAt1fA me ru-o c: rut t Df. I'm glad you like the Irish form of your name. Won't you write to me often? Am glad you like your Irish studies. Work real hard vou have an excellent teacher and before very long you will be able to write and speak your thoughts in the language of Ireland. Poor old CA01tce will hardly see that clay, but it is snre to come and the earnest work of girls such as you will clear the way for its coming.

    You know. The compet1t is Thursday, March 16th. Be sure to give your age. All letters to be addressed c,0. Shortall on 1 uesday and Friday nights at fs. There is also a class for beginners on Friday nights at 8. Sunday, beinc first '-;unr. Father Arthur Devine, C. The Rosary will be recited in Irish, and after Benediction hymns in Irish will be sung. The "Mac Hale. These lectures are of service even to beginners, as the lecturer being a native speaker, his hearers will have an opportunity of acquiring a good blas.

    He held meetings at Cluandrihid Chapel gate, Cui! The parishes of Donoughmore, Coachford, Kilmicheal, and Ach Aoinneach, were also visited, Nothing is being done for the language in the parish of Ach Aoinneach. Though the parish is an Irish-speaking one, not a word of the language is taught in the five schools of the parish. The manager, Fr. O'Callaghan, is entirely responsible for this state of affairs. Not a word of Irish is taught in the Macroom Boys School. Though there are two strong National political parties-CT. Needless to say no adult classes are held.

    Are the people of Macroom anxious that the Irish language should die? This is a fair question to ask. In Ballyvourney the Rev. Burton, P. Hurley, are doing excellent work for the language. Burton, manager, is to apply to the Commissioners for permission to have the programme introduced into the Sliabh Riabhach and Ballyvourney schools for the coming year.

    A good number. This will probably r1:ean 15 native. The teachers in the Foynes branch are Mr. Purtell, N. Miss Neilli Ni Bhriain also takes a turn at teaching, and is keenly interested in the working of the Craobh. Splendid work is being done in the Foyncs Schools. Seaghan held special meetings at Kilcornan, Palas kenry, and Kildimo. The people come in large numbers to listen to the Organisers' lectures. Seosep O Concobhair, M. Taisil, is a general favourite. The Organiser is at present in the Dromcollogher district where he is working under the guidance of An tAthair Tomas De Bhal, Notes on movement in district in future issue.

    Sa Bhaln Tir. Liam O Buachalla reports that the League work is It is: to be regretted, howprogressing in his district. The attendance at Clonmeen Craobh is well maintained. Diarrnuid O Murchadha has a good deal to do A with the success of this gallant little Craobh. The classes in connection wit h the Lyre Craobh wci e but fairlv attended this session. It was thought advisable, after the recent sgornidheacht, which was a successful one, to adjourn the classes.

    Bad weather had a bad effect on the attendance. Craobh na Bain-Tire is doing snlendidlv this vear. The classes were never so "ell attended. The President of the Branch. Ca Morrissy, P. Coughlan, Peadar O Neill wasn't absent any night this C. Banteer Gaelic Leaguers expect to organise a big Feis for Barrteer this summer. Barrteer would be an Nor will the annual ideal place for such an event. Several are already inquiring about it,. I SAY? For Quality, Style and Finish: I carnot be beaten. March 4th-pte. March I 1th-Se. Festival of Gaelic League. March Birmingham, Cuirm Cheoil.

    March 18th-pte. March Wolverhampton, Cuirm Cheoil. March Coventry, Cuirm Cheoil. May Oireachtas, Dublin, July 31st to August 5th. June Dundealgan. July 2-Portlairge. Some years ago our grnndmothers prided themselves on their ample feather beds, but now-a-days no good housewife cares to use one of these unhealthy and not too cleanly if luxurious articles. Any housekeeper wishing to dispose of one or more feather beds could not do better than to communicate with the Irish Feather Co.

    Trousers frofri 12e. June 4 and 5-Ros Mhic Treoin.

    When will my book be dispatched from your warehouse?

    June 11 and Luimneach. June 28 and Cill Choinnigh. July zend and 23rd-b. Have you a Garden or Farm? Sow Drummond's Seeds. Has no connection with any firm of the same name in the district. A Post Card will bring you lowest quotation. Confer health on the wearer. Dress Shirts, Collars and Cuffs. Men's Coloured Flannel Shirts. Irish Kid Gloves. Irish Knitting Wools. Ladies' Corsets. Ohildren's Combinations, Long and Short Sleeves. The purpose of my previous note on this and similar expressions was to show that they could not be regarded as Anglicisms.

    Your readers will judge. I do not require to be told that noab is an adjective m the case. O'Connell erects I leave it to a cockshot to discharge his own rifle at. Brixton, S. Surely C. Paul's Cathedral! Neither is the reason for its discontinuance in Westminster Cathedral so very much "unknown," as C. No more fitting place could be found to honour that ancient tongue than the place where priests and people are Irish in spirit as well as in name.

    Paul's, made by C. We regret its publication, which was due to an oversight. C " Bed couches are useful, but most uncomfortable and unsightly. The Kilkenny Woodworkers.

    The Last Man (Shelley)

    Dublin, have a capital idea in this way, and both the appearance and the comfort are assured. C, A Se. Uom tern In there was not a baker in Cove or Passage, and in the former place still continued an insignificant straggling fishing-hamlet; but the war which followed changed its fortunes, and, during its progress, it grew up to be what it is. Of streets, properly so called, it has but one, here called a square, which occupies the west end. The lines of houses, called the Beach and Crescent, stretch for a very considerable distance at the foot of the hill, along the water-side, and are principally occupied by shops, and partly let out in lodgings.

    Midway up the hill stands the church, a building with a square tower in front, surmounted by pinnacles. It is the only one on the whole island, which formerly contained two, now in ruins. Not far distant from the church is the Roman Catholic chapel, now the cathedral church of the Catholic diocess of Cloyne and Ross ; a slender columnar spire of considerable height, erected in , towers in front ; it has markets for the sale of fish and poultry ; a weekly market is held on Saturday; asessions court sits.

    Cove may be said to owe its existence; the advan- tages of its fine harbour recommended it to government, who formed it into a naval station, and placed a port-admiral over it. During this period it became frequently the rendezvous of vast fleets, engaged in the pursuits of war or commerce ; their presence was productive of golden harvests to its frugal and industrious inhabi- tants, and fortunes were realized with a speed and ease, the recollection of which is recalled with regret by the present population, who must labour harder and longer, and with less effect in the acquisition.

    Guide to Coir. Many foresaw in this ruin to Cove, and all viewed it as a national indignity; yet the town has survived the shock, and is positively prospering notwithstanding : her trade to be sure has not improved, but then the tide of fashion has set in her favour as some counterbalance. To the valetudinarian the recommen- dations are numerous. The temperature of the town is mild and genial, attributable to its happy position near the sea, but sufficiently enclosed from the keen and biting blasts.

    Sheltered on the land side by high hills, and possessing a fine south- ern aspect, it is exposed to summer heats, but those heats are tempered by the breezes from the water. The result of such a position is a salubrity, which has attracted thither numbers of those who, otherwise, would have sought the far-off scenes of Montpellier or Madeira with their vehement suns and less temperate vicissitudes of climate. An admirable equahility of climate, and an absence of sudden and violent interrup- tions, are the great characteristics which have so beneficially marked out this town to the ailing and debilitated, and established its reputation.

    From the steepness of the site on which Cove is built, the invalid is afforded a variety of climate, tempered to his wishes, and attainable according to the elevation of the different ascending terraces ; and for all the purposes of exercise, the neigh- bourhood abounds with exhilarating: walks and drives. Cove in the summer season is greatly frequented ; its proximity to Cork, and the unrivalled beauty of its scenery, produce an intercourse, and a great influx of visitors, always visible in the crowded promenades.

    The extent of this intercourse may be judged from the fact of twenty thousand four hundred and seventy-nine persons being found to have passed, by the passage-ferry alone, into Cove, in twenty days of the month of August, ! Add to these causes of attraction, adventitious circumstances ; the arrival of a fleet, no unfrequent event ; the oc- currence of the annual regatta, and the weekly exhibitions of the Yacht Club, and it will little surprise us that Cove is so delightful and so well-frequented a locality. An old road runs nearly through the centre of the island, between the west and east ferries.

    Where it passes across the higher grounds, some interesting prospects over the harbour and to the seaward are obtained. The hill above Cove, also affords some magnificent view's. The surrounding burying-ground is thickly tenanted ; a large pro- portion of the names are those of strangers, principally of seafaring people. Here is interred Tobin, the author of the Honeymoon. Charles Wolfe, formerly curate of Donoghmore, in tlie diocess of Armagh, was removed to Cove for the benefit of its air, where he died on the 21st of February, The Harbour stretches out in a broad and ample expanse of water in front of Cove, about six miles in length and three miles in breadth.

    It is environed by steep hills, and its centre occupied by a small group of four islands. A few stream- lets and two rivers, the final tributaries of the Lee, discharge their floods into this basin at different points, and form deep and very picturesque estuaries. Nothing I have as yet seen in Wales, or England, or Ireland is at all comparable to it ; perhaps Lough Swilly comes near it, but it must yield the palm.

    It is inferior in climate, mountain outline, and expanse of harbour. Besides, Bantry Bay holds that beau- tiful gem Glengariff within the setting of its wide and gorgeous ring. Hungry Mountain, rising like an embattled wall before you ; and down the mural descent, as relieved from its black ground, fell the cataract of Adrigoll, in a perpendicular silver column of eight hundred feet! Nearer still, facing the north, the Sugar-loaf Mountain, almost as white in its silicious quartzose formation, as if it were crystallized sugar ; directly under my feet was the inner harbour of Bantry, protected and divided from the outer bay by the green island of Whiddy ; and up and down on that placid water were studded isles and islets, one crested with an ancient castle, another crowned with a modern battery ; here a martello tower, there the ruins of a fishing-palace : and to finish the setting of this rich jewel, the trees, woods, hills, and fine mansion of Lord Bantry, his green and VOL.

    I cannot say how much I was struck with this delightful tout ensemble. And cer- tainly, as was exemplified here, anything that is admirable is made much more so by contrast. Of the town of Bantry I can say little. A sea-port without trade, a harbour without shipping, and a coast with a failing fishery, must leave this place the abode of poverty and misery. Thirty years ago Bantry Bay was the scene of bustle, alarm, and terror. One of the largest fleets, and conveying one of the finest- appointed armies that ever departed from the shores of France, cast anchor in this bay.

    Humanly speaking, had this army landed nothing could oppose them ; the city of Cork in three days would have been at their mercy. There was no military organization in Ireland prepared to face the invaders, or counteract disaffection, which, though it had not completely matured its plans, was deeply disseminated and ramified amongst Romanists and Jacobins. Had Hoche landed and possessed himself of Cork, there was every likelihood of Ireland being for a time separated from England ; but the providence of God directed it otherwise.

    On Christmas- eve, , a hurricane came on, with a fury that those who witnessed it never can forget. The French fleet was driven out to sea, and Ireland, by the hand of an all- disposing Providence, saved. About ten miles northerly from Bantry lies the lake which is the parent of the sylvan and bright river Lee — the Googane Barry — the hermitage, or as the word is sometimes translated by etymologists, the trifle of St.

    In penetrating to this spot by a wild mountain-path, the traveller crosses one or two shallow streams, and suddenly the lake, dark and deep down in the bosom of the hills, bursts upon his sight, its wooded islet and its precipitous crags impressing his mind with gloomy yet admirable grandeur.

    The island is connected with the shore by a narrow cause- way, constructed to facilitate the rites of religious devotees, who flock hither on the 24th of June St. Fineen Bar or Barry lived a recluse, it is said, before he founded the cathedral of Cork, of which he is the patron saint. A popular legend ascribes the foundation of that building to the following circumstance. Patrick, at his general banish- ment of all venomous creatures out of Ireland, forgot an enormous monster, de- scribed as a dragon or winged serpent, which wasted the sorrounding country ; and power was given to a holy man, named Fineen Bar or Barry, or Timboris to drown the monster in Googane Lake, on condition of his erecting a church where its waters met the tide ; and the saint, having destroyed the monster, fulfilled the agreement by founding the present monastery of Cork.

    It is usually reached by boat from Bantry, and the peculiarly wild scenery of the bay is thus seen to great advantage. But another way, affording bolder varieties of landscape, is to cross the range of hills which spring from the bay, by a road which is very difficult except to the pedestrian. Glengariff is a craggy glen about three miles in length, entirely shut in by magnificent mountains. Its wdldness has the advantage, which is always so effective, of contrast with cultivation and art; the beautiful grounds of Glengariff Castle, the residence of Mr.

    White, being the fore- ground oftenest preferred by the draughtsman. We must quote Mr. My friends excited my curiosity, and caused me to lament that press of time would not allow a visit in this eastern direction, which lies there in all the retirement of sublime seclusion. But I had Glengariff before me, an ugly hill, an uninteresting view of Bantry Bay, a bad road over a dreary moor — a scene where chatty companions may abstract themselves into talk of other places and other times.

    And therefore we had all got into a most spirited conversa- tion on a subject very interesting to us, but perhaps not so to the reader, when in the midst of my advocacy I became dumb— dispute and argument all fled. Was I disappointed? Not in the least; nothing in Ireland is equal to it, or can be brought into comparison : it is singular, it is unique. I may say it was winter when I saw it, at least winter lingered on the lap of spring, the 25th of March ; yet all was grand, and at the same time beautiful, because verdant. This bay is sheltered entirely at its entrance by an island, on which a martello tower is erected.

    Thus the land-locked estuary looks to be a lake ; in no respect it differs from a lake, save that it is superior. Here no ugly strand, muddy and foetid, left bare by the receding tide ; here no deposit of filth and ooze. No; the only thing that marks the ebb is a line of dark demarcation that surrounds the bay, and gives a curious sort of relief somewhat like the black frame of a brilliant picture to the green translucent waters of this gem of the ocean. No fresh-water lake can be at all compared to it ; not even the upper lake of Killarney can stand the competition.

    Here is the sea, the green, variable, ever-changing sea, without any of its defects or deformities. Mountains — why you have them of all forms, elevations, and outlines. Hungry Mountain, with its cataract of eight hundred feet falling from its side ; Sugar-loaf, so conical, so bare, so white in its quartzose formation ; Slieve Goul, the pathway of its fairies ; and Esk Mountain, over which I was destined to climb my toilsome way.

    Every hill had its peculiar interest ; and each, according to the time of the day or the state of the atmosphere, presented a picture so suitable — or bright or gloomy, or near or distant — valleys laughing in sunshine, or shrouded in dark and undefined masses of shade ; and so deceptive, so variable were the distances and capabilities of prospect, that in the morning you could see a hare bounding along on the ranges of those hills, that at noon-day were lost in the grey indistinctness of distant vision.

    Then the glen itself, un- like other glens and valleys that interpose between ranges of mountains, was not flat, or soft, or smooth ; no meadow, no morass, no bog ; but the most apparently tumultuous, yet actually regular, congeries of rocks that ever was seen. Such you may suppose GlengarifF. It appears as if the stratifications of the rock were forced up by some uniform power from the central abyss, and there left to stand at a certain and defined angle ; a solidified storm.

    And now suppose that in every indenture, hole, crevice, and inflexion of these rocks grew a yew or holly ; there the yew, with its yellower tinge, and here the arbutus with its red stem and leaf of brighter green, and its rough, wild, uncontrolled growth, adorning, and at SCENERY OF IRELAND. I know not that ever I read of such a place, so wild and so beautiful. I think I recollect Cervantes description of the Sierra Morena in Don Quixotte, with all its ilexes, and oaks, and cork-trees. Could it be at all like this? Oh, what a London banker would give to have in his grounds such a rock, and such furniture and garnishing as this rock was adorned with!

    What a profusion of evergreen variety! There were two cottages directly under this native habitat of the arbutus. One was the whitewashed abode of a Protes- tant ; it had some of the conveniencies, and a few of the comforts that the Protes- tants of English descent ever contrive to have around them. With all the chivalry of a Quixotte, and elated with the picturesque, I took up my glove, threw it down, and challenged the world, in island or continent, in tropic or temperate zone, to match me such a spot.

    We came to where was an ancient bridge. It is not often that anything good is associated with the recollections of the Irish con- cerning Cromwell, still this bridge was called after him, and yet no curse connected with its construction. Look at that wild wooded hill ; look above at those magnificent mountains ; look at that water- fall, and the tumbling, turbulent channel of this stream; look at that mass of oak- trees in all the grey promise of their bursting buds ; see how they set off the green variegation of the arbutus and the holly ; then see the white-barked birch climbing up that precipitous bank ; and this very bridge we are standing on, look how it VOL.

    Give up, sir; the glove is mine to have and to hold. W has, indeed, created a place here which does him and his lady infinite credit. The spot on which the house stands is grand and lovely beyond compare. What a gorgeous view from the reception-rooms! The family of Glengariff Castle have shown admirable judgment in simply giving a helping hand to nature. All that was wanting was to turn morass into good soil, and heath into a carpet of green grass ; to lay out walks through woods, under banks, and around precipices, and taste has directed and money executed all this ; and thus the most interesting lawn in Ireland, as I apprehend, has been formed.

    Underneath, lies the bay studded with islands, on one of which the government has been graciously pleased to erect a most picturesque martello tower. Other islands, not too many to diminish the beauty of the fine azure expanse, were dropped here and there just where wanting.

    Some covered with copse-wood, others scattered over with holly and arbutus ; and across the bay, the shore rising bold, rocky, and precipitous beyond description ; and on still westward, one of the finest mountain-ranges in the world. After four weeks of almost uninterrupted rain, the clouds brightened and the sun- shine appeared brokenly over the hills, as I came within sight of the village of Killarney. After quite wearying myself out with talking to them, I established a small circle of distance between myself and my cortege by swinging ray stick, and walked on in silent and deaf submission.

    As I came within sight of Ross Castle and the lake, the last four turned back and left me alone ; as many as thirty able- bodied men having wasted an hour and a half in this unprofitable persecution. I could have employed them better on the Susquehannah. The sun was near setting when I reached Ross Castle, and a soft and golden flood of light covered the bosom of the lake, and the background of mountains and islands, with a glory inexpressibly beautiful.

    The side of the ruined castle towards me lay in deep shade, and its one square and tall tower cut the glowing- sky with an effect which made me wish I had been an artist. The scene altogether, for softness of atmosphere, richness of light, singular beauty of outline, and com- bination of island, mountain, and water, seemed to me quite incomparable. I ascended to the top of the ruin, and sat watching the fading light on the lake till the colour was dissolved in the twilight ; not yet informed of the names of the features in the scene, nor caring for the present to know what I looked upon.

    It was a rare moment of natural beauty, sufficient of itself, without legendary or other interest. I enjoyed it to the very depths of my heart. The next morning I returned to this same spot. The day was fine, and the view looking its best under clear sunshine ; but it looked cold after the slowino' licrht in which I had seen it the evening before. I was now in the hands of a o-uide too and obliged to give up my random impressions for information. Ross Castle stands on the flat side of the lake, and the road to it is a causeway over a morass, which is reduced to an isthmus by inlets of the lake on either side.

    The castle is built on a rock, and the only remains are tlie large quadrangula, which I ascended the night before, and two flankers in a ruined state. It was a place of strength in the time of Cromwell, and resisted for some time the attacks of the parliamentary army under the command of General Ludlow, who gives the following account of its capture.

    Being arrived at this place, I was informed that the enemy received continual supplies from those parts that lay on the other side, and were covered with woods and mountains ; whereupon I sent a party of two thousand foot to clear these woods, and to find out some convenient place for the erecting a fort, if there should be occasion. These forces met with some opposition, but at last they routed the enemy, killing some and taking others prisoners ; the rest saved themselves by their good foot- manship. While this was doing, I employed that part of the army which was with me in fortifying a neck of land, where I designed to leave a party to keep in the Irish on this side, that I might be at liberty, with the greatest part of the horse and foot, to look after the enemy abroad, and to receive and convoy such boats and other things necessary, as the commissioners sent us by sea.

    When we had received our boats, each of which was capable of containing one hundred and twenty men, I ordered one of them to be rowed about the water, in order to find out the most convenient place for landing upon the enemy ; which they perceiving thought fit, bv a timely submission, to prevent the danger that threatened them ; and having expressed their desires to that purpose, commissioners were appointed on both sides to treat.

    A fortnight was spent in debating upon the terms, but arti- cles were finally signed, and hostages delivered on both sides ; in consequence of which five thousand horse and foot laid down their arms, and surrendered their horses. The river Laune, which runs from Killarney to the sea, is much too shallow when flowing at its ordinary level, to float a boat capable of carrying one hundred and twenty men ; and when it is swelled by floods, the cur- rent acquires an impetuosity that could only tend to augment the difficulty.

    To have conveyed these over the mountains, covered as they then were with forests, and along roads that were probably little better than bridle-paths of the present day, must have been a most difficult and enterprising undertaking. Weld in his excellent account of Killarney says, Wandering one day amongst the solitudes of this island, I surprised a poor musician, who sat upon a rude stone at the foot of one of the few large trees that had escaped the general havoc.

    He seemed wholly absorbed in contemplating the scene around him, while he drew from his instrument tones according with that melancholy which the devas- tation of it was so well calculated to inspire. On my approach, he broke off with a wild cadence, and entered abruptly into conversation. A few words were sufficient to betray a loss of intellect ; but the incoherent rhapsodies of insanity were replete with traits of energy and feeling.

    He had been playing, he told me, in different parts of the island for five hours that morning ; and, pointing round with his hand, asked, with no small degree of enthusiasm, if I was not enchanted with the lake, the rock, the mountains. For his part, in the midst of such scenery, with his violin for a companion, he found himself quite happy, and wished for nothing.

    The neighbouring people, he added, supplied him with food and lodging ; they also gave him clothes to cover him, and administered to all his wants ; in short he was happy, very happy. He had formerly enlisted in a regi- ment of militia as a clarionet player ; but for incorrigible drunkenness was sen- tenced to receive punishment and be dismissed from the service.

    The regiment lay at that time in the barracks of Ross Castle. The culprit was marched in form into the adjoining woods, tied to a tree, and the drummers began to perform their duty. Through compassion for his infirmity, a few lashes only were inflicted, and he was then released : but the terror of punishment operated so strongly on a mind endowed by nature with much sensibility, and debilitated by habitual intoxication, that he became almost instantaneously deprived of his senses, and never afterwards perfectly recovered them.

    Here the famous old prince, immortalized in sono- and legend, is said to have confined a disobedient son, and some of his rebellious associates. The severity of his warlike virtues was tempered by a generous hospitality, which embraced a friend in every stranger. The rigour of the legislator was blended and lost in the endearing condescension of the friend : the prince was the father of his country ; his court was the seat of joy and festivity ; worth took its place at the board by inherent birthright ; grey hairs received their reverence, and distressed innocence had a peculiar plea of admission, for humanity was paramount, and suspicious policy absolutely unknown.

    He was wise too ; and the gods sped his counsels, for his subjects were happy. Fruitful seasons crowned the year with plenty, and un- disturbed tranquillity led the way to enjoyment. And fpxick received him in a crystal grave. To give them back their Donaghoe again. Tlxr st. The prince is always described as being mounted on a milk-white steed. May it not then be supposed, that the white foam of a distant wave, suddenly curled up by a gust of wind from the mountains, has often been converted by the enthusiastic imagination of the simple and superstitious native into the semblance of a horse and his rider, whose preternatural appearance his interest and credulity are alike perpetually an- ticipating.

    The arbutus is at present the great wealth of the island, however, for no pains are lost in attempting to convince the traveller that salmon broiled over an arbutus-fire has a flavour unknown to any other mode of cooking the fish — the consent to the experiment involving employment for half, a day and other etceteras, to the well- practised boatmen of the lake. As I was quite alone, I was not tempted. Inisfallen Abbey is a mere shell of a ruin at present, but it was once the seat of an order of monks of some distinction in the ecclesiastical history of Ireland.

    It was founded and endowed towards the close of the sixth century by Finan, son of one of the kings of Munster ; and, in after times, became appropriated to the use of the regu- lar canons of St. This noble person was eminent, we are told, for his great learning and extraordinary piety, and was one of the very many who were esteemed deserving of canonization about the same period.

    The abbey church consisted of a single aisle, seventy feet long and twenty wide ; and from the narrowness of the few windows which can be now traced, it must, like other ancient churches of Ireland, have been extremely dark. At the south- east corner a very large fragment of the wall, in which there are some hewn stones which appear to have once formed part of an arch, stands detached from the rest of the building ; a circumstance which leads to the supposition of its having suffered some more sudden and more violent injury than the mere attacks of time alone could have inflicted : probably the soldiers of the parliamentary army, at the time the castle of Ross was besieged, were instrumental to its destruction.

    The architecture of the cloister, and of what seem to have been the dwelling-apart- ments of the abbey, is most rude : no remains of sculptured ornaments, no lofty arches, no spacious windows are here observable. At a short distance from the principal ruins there are three other buildings, two of which, that are in a decayed state, evidently belonged to the abbey ; but whether the third, which lies to the west of the church, ever formed a part of it seems doubtful.

    The guides point out, just behind it, the garden of the abbey, which still contains some plum-trees of great age, and some large thorns coeval with them, which appear to have once formed the surrounding hedge. Of all the remains of antiquity at this place, the most interesting, and the only one which has any claim to picturesque beauty, is a small chapel or oratory, covered with ivy, which stands on a mass of rocks close to the water. One half of this doorcase alone remains perfect ; the other part has been plastered and bedaubed with red clay, with an endeavour to make it correspond.

    On removing a broad stone near the entrance of the door, some time ago, a great quantity of human bones was found heaped together. The old. A very civil and modest girl, who had come with me from the gate, led me through the nlins, and in her polite and kind manners I read a naturdl eulogiam on the character of her master. Though the abbey of Inisfallen was founded as early as the sixth century, it does not follow, nor is it indeed likely, that the walls, of which remains are now' visible, were erected at that remote period ; but on this subject we can only indulge conjecture.

    The history of monastic edifices in Ireland is involved in impenetrable obscurity ; little even of their decline is known, but what can be collected from the Statute-books. From Inisfallen I pulled over to Mucruss, the demesne of Mr. Herbert, which stretches from the foot of Turk Mountain along the eastern borders of the middle and lower lakes. I made for the ruins through very highly-cultivated park scenery, with a well-kept good road, smooth sward, well-trimmed trees, high-bred cattle, and all the best features of an English park everyw'here around.

    The old Abbey of Irrelagh, or Mucruss, stands on a slight eminence on the right of the road leading to the mansion-house, and as seen brokenly through the trees it is an object of the highest picturesque beauty. A very civil and modest girl, who had come with me from the gate, led me through the ruins, and in her polite and kind manners I read a natural eulogium on the character of her master.

    Scenery-hunting about Killarney he caught sight of him in a boat. Even now I well remember I could not but frequently pause to contemplate the grandeur and loveliness of the scenery around me. Chased by the rising sun- beams, the mist of the morning appeared fast flitting away, as if anxious again to mingle in the waters of their great parent, the Atlantic.

    Before me lay the lovely lake, richly embroidered with innumerable islands, and reflecting from its azure surface the beautifully diversified scenery around — the waving forest, and the more sombre-shaded mountain, from whose stupendous sides the stunted oak and the aged holly, festooned with ivy, spring spontaneous. It was at that time a fine old ruin — a picturesque emblem of greatness in decay — situated on an eminence, rising over the lake, and completely surrounded by trees of various growth and species.

    A pointed doorway, ornamented with various mouldings, showed the entrance to the interior ; while innumerable relics of mortality, piled in fantastic groupes on either side of the aisle, assured me of the truth of what I had been told by my guide on the preceding day, — that it was the domiim ultimum until the resurrection of many who had at one time given life and animation to the scenery around. The place was gloomy and awful ; and the idea, that the only being it contained was one whose mysterious character rendered him rather an object of dread than other- wise, created an apprehension in my mind that all my efforts to the contrary could not suppress.

    I could almost have wished myself exhumed, and once more among those who lived and breathed. Nor were my apprehensions allayed on proceeding towards the cloister, a dismal area of considerable extent, in the midst of which spread an immense yew, whose stem appeared to be thirty or forty feet in height, and the branches of which formed a canopy so complete as to render the place gloomy to a degree ; the light being scarcely sufficient to point out the moulder- ing tomb-stones which lay beneath its shade.

    At that mpihcnt the. With a palpitating heart I advanced towards it ; when, in an instant a sudden flash seemed to pass me by, and I was left in almost total darkness. I hastily turned, and was endeavouring to retrace my steps with that expedition which is prompted by fear, when I heard the sound of footsteps quickly following me ; but unfortunately, in my hurry to regain the cloister, having kept too much to one side of the aisle, my foot was tripped by some relic of moitality, and ere I could recover myself, I fell violently forward, and tumbling ovei a coflin, which, from having been partially decayed, burst beneath my weight, in an instant I found myself as if in the strict embrace of a lifeless body.

    The spell is broken, I am undone. Apparently subdued in feeling, he again addressed me in a much milder mood. Behold in me the effects of unbounded curiosity, scepticism, and impiety : God is just, and I deserve my doom ; 1 myself made the bargain — I bartered my soul — but I will not recal past thoughts.

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    In a moment they had gained the middle of the lake ; the next they were lost to my view for ever. After breaking on the rocks, the stream resumes its rapid course through the ravine, and soon empties into the lake. I wish he would also give it a prettier name. After ascending a winding path to a lofty spot above the cascade, where I got a very fine view of the Lower and Turk Lakes, I resumed my route along the smooth road leading past Mucruss cottage, and admired, as much as I was capable of doing without sympathy, the splendid purple tints on the mountain sides, and the wonderful variety m the shapes and groupings of the noble mountains around me.

    I was en- chanted ; but I was alone. On reaching a very spacious tunnel which lets the road through a cliff on the shore, 1 found my boatman waiting and a little girl with a wooden noggin of goat s milk and a bottle of whiskey, sitting on the rocks. I found too that the people of the inn had provided my boat with sandwiches and brandy, so that I left my four oars-men well employed while I drove on a mile fur- ther to see the Derricuraby Cascade.

    The driver stopped at the entrance to a thicket of underbi ush, and by a wild path I proceeded alone, guided by the sound of falling water. I arrived at the ruins of a small cottage situated on a stream, which I ciossed by a slight bridge, and from what was once a lawn, 1 obtained an excellent view of a fine waterfall, some thirty feet high, with more water than the cascade I had just left, but less beautiful in its adjuncts of wood and rock. The aitist, whose beautiful drawings embellish this work, was fortunate enough, I be- lieve, to see the taking of a stag just below the Derricuraby Cascade.

    Of this spoit, foi which Killainey is so famous, Mr. Wild gives a graphic account. On the day pieceding the hunt those preparations are made which are thought best calculated to ensure it a happy issue. An experienced person is sent up the! At the hutil. The deer which remains the most aloof from its companions is care- fully observed, and marked as the object of pursuit, and it is generally found at the dawn of the ensuing morning, in the vicinity of the evening haunt.

    Before the break of day the dogs are conducted up the mountain as silently and secretly as possible, and are kept coupled until some signal, commonly the firing of a small cannon, announces that the party commanding the hunt has arrived in boats at the foot of the mountain ; then the dogs are loosed and brought upon the track of the deer. If the business, previous to the signal, has been silently and orderly con- ducted, the report of the cannon, the sudden shouts of the hunters on the moun- tain, which instantly succeed it ; the opening of the dogs, and the loud and con- tinued echoes along an extensive region of woods and mountains, produce an effect singularly grand.

    To prevent this, numbers of people are stationed, at intervals, along the heights, who by loud shouting terrify the animal, and drive him towards the lake. At the last hunt which I attended, a company of soldiers were placed along the mountain-top, who, keeping up a running fire, effectually deterred him from once ascending.

    The hunt, however, begins to lose its interest after the first burst, and the ear becomes wearied with the incessant shouts which drown the opening of the hounds, and the echoes of their mellow tones. The ruggedness of the ground embarrasses the pursuers ; the scent is followed with difficulty, and often lost altogether, or only resumed at the end of a long interval : much con- fusion also arises from the emulous efforts of the people on the water to follow the course of the hunt, especially if it should take a direction towards the upper lake, when the contending boats are frequently entangled among the rocks and shoals of the river which leads to it.

    Those who attempt to follow the deer through the woods are rarely gratified with a view, and are often excluded from the grand spec- tacle of his taking the sail, or, in other words, plunging into the lake. It is there- fore generally recommended to remain in a boat ; and those who have the patience to wait as long as five or six hours are seldom disappointed. I was once gratified by seeing the deer run for nearly a mile along the shore, with the hounds pursuing him in full cry.

    On finding himself closely pressed, hs leaped boldly from a rock into the lake, and swam towards one of the islands ; but terrified by the approach of the boats he returned, and once more sought for safety on the main shore; soon VOL. It was most interesting to behold the numerous spectators who hastened to the spot; ladies, gentlemen, peasants, hunters, combined in various groups around the noble victim as he lay extended in the depth of the forest. The stag, as is usual on these occasions, was preserved from death. For a series of years past they have continued much in the same propor- tion.

    Very few are destroyed in the chase, with which parties are indulged ; for, when the animal enters the water, as he generally does, it is easy for the persons in boats to take him alive and uninjured. It appeared from the marks on the ears of the last I saw taken, that the same mischance had befallen him twice before. From this elevation the three bodies of water appear spread out below the eye with their islands and mountain shores, in a landscape of which no descrip- tion can convey an adequate idea.

    On again reaching the tunnel, where I had left my boat, I was recommended by the driver to ascend the cliff through which it is cut, and on a platform, now smooth by the feet of travellers who had climbed there before me, I stood a few minutes and admired a smaller view of the Upper Lake, enjoyable from the nearness of the objects which compose it. The mountains which hem it in, are of a bolder and more rugged cast, and the small rocky islands in its bosom rise very high from the water, and are covered with trees and vegetation.

    One of the large. He built himself a cottage on the rocks near the water, the ruins of which are still visible, and, avoiding all society, employed himself wholly in reading, hunting, and fishing. He became exposed, of course, to the visits of curious people, and was on such occasions exceedingly savage and morose ; but his name, says Wild, is still mentioned with respect, and even admiration, at Killarney.

    The day. LAKEy enjoyable from the. Cn udavmtion,'at KUIantey. Uw fo. Roes Island. We soon entered on the narrow river which connects the two lakes, and after some winding through a channel, where the current ran very strongly, we came in sight of a picturesque old bridge, and the boatmen requested me to steer directly for the centre of the arch, with a caution to be careful and steady.

    They then shipped their oars, and the current increasing to great rapidity, we shot under the bridge with a velocity that rather surprised me. By another direction from the bow-oars- man, I steered in to the right, and ran up to a landing-place, where fifteen or twenty people stood around some object, with which they were so engaged as not to ob- serve our approach.

    I jumped ashore on the island Dinis, and, to my hoiwor, discovered the body of a drowned man, whose feet an old woman was tying together after straightening the corpse for burial. He was a boatman, who had fallen over- board in towing his boat against the stream, and had been dead about two hours. It was the body of a powerful man, and I heard from the boatmen that he was commonly called Big Rob, and was very much given to intoxication : he left a wife and ten children, who were entirely dependent on him.

    The horror of this sight and the melancholy of the whole event saddened the remainder of my day on Killarney. This Weir Bridge is a dangerous spot, and many accidents have occurred in shooting the rapid. To ren- der the boats more manageable, the passengers are always required to land, and walk through the woods till they get above the bridge ; and, even after being thus lightened, it required the united strength of nine or ten men to drag a large boat against the stream.

    The bridge consists of two arches, of which one alone affords a passage for boats ; the other is obstructed by a wall, built across the stream from the central pier to the shore. It was intended formerly as part of a fishing weir, and is now left for the purpose of deepening the channel at the opposite side. Leaving the spot where we had been met by this melancholy spectacle, we kept down the narrow channel to the opening of Glena Bay, and turning round a point to the left, landed in a small and lovely crescent of the shore ; in the centre of it stood a cottage orneey the close-shorn lawn of which descended everywhere to tlie edge of the water.

    Rocks behind it, trees around, the forest extending up the mountain behind, and the solitude of lake and mountain burying it in silence and beauty. Glena cottage is a place to lemember with a heart-ache when one is weary of the world. I landed and strolled through its gardens and shaded walks, and re-embarking unwillingly, steered across the lower lake toward Ross Island.

    The approach to Ross Island by water is remarkably picturesque. The grey towers and ivied walls of the castle appeared as if emerging from the waters of the lake — and glittering as they were at the moment I beheld them, with the rich rays of the evening sun, nothing could be imagined more strikingly beautiful. On the following morning I determined to make another review of Innisfallen, and Mucruss Abbey, whose beauties I had not sufficient time to examine on my former visit.

    Accordingly I took boat at an early hour in the day, in order to have full leisure to admire those interesting places. The character of the scenery of the Lower Lake is totally distinct from that of the Middle, or Upper Lakes; it is distinguished for its elegance and beauty, being studded with rocks and wooded islands, covered with a variety of evergreens.

    The Upper one, on the contrary, is remarkable for its wild sublimity and grandeur, w'hile the Middle Lake combines in a great degree the characteristics of the other two. There are lakes in Switzer- land, which, for single views, perhaps excel either of the Lakes of Killarney ; — but, taking the peculiar atmosphere, the variety and grouping of the mountains, the interest of the ruins on the shores, and above all to my thinking the exquisite mingling of art with nature, and Killarney has no rival. Of the numerous islets with which the bosom of the Upper Lake is studded, and which have all received names, there are only four or five worthy of any consideration, except as acces- sories to the splendid picture which nature here spreads before us.

    Above the mountains that the blue mist shrouds. Innisfallen, like every spot in this region of romance, has its legends. There are many other hills still running more west, as far as the eye can trace for many miles ; the nearest and most surprising for their loftiness are the Reeks, whose tops resemble so many ] innacles or rather spires lost in the clouds. Sir Thomas Mollyneux, in the Philosophical Transactions, No, , says, that it is not to be found anywhere of spontaneous growth nearer to Ireland than the most southern parts of France and Italy; and there, too, it is never known but as a frutex or shrub; whereas, in the rocky parts of the county of Kerry about Lough-Lane, and in some of the rocky mountains adjacent, Avhere the people of the country call it cane-a]iple, it flourishes naturallv to that degree as to become a large tree.

    Every glen and rath — every lake and island possesses its legendary tale ; but, alas! England has the philosophic annalist of her smiling plains and ancient towns ; she has the poets of her lawns and rivers. Scotland can exult in her gifted sons, who have made her romantic land known to fame ; she has had her Burns in song, and her Scott in those stirring tales that celebrated her picturesque moun- tains and storied lakes.

    Prostrate on his knees, his thoughts ab- stracted from the contemplation of all earthly things, his soul exalted with visions of a better world, he perceived not the flight of time ; hours passed unheeded away, until at length fatigue threw him into a profound slumber, which lasted on the authority of the legend seven hundred years.

    During so very protracted an afternoon nap, many a change took place in a world where everything is perishable and transitory. The pious brotherhood of his convent had been all consigned ages past to their native dust ere the good friar awoke from his sleep of centuries. On opening his eyes and looking around him, his senses were overwhelmed with the deepest amazement. The whole face of nature was altered — it was no longer the scene he had been accustomed to -contemplate. A beautiful lake burst on his asto- nished sight where no lake had been before : rubbing his eyes, and tweaking his nose, to assure himself that he really was awake, he began to imagine that all he saw was the eflect of a miracle, which heaven had worked while he slept.

    With this conviction he arose and repeating an ave, entrusted himself to the waters of the lake, which bore him in safety to Innisfallen. Directing his steps to the abbey, he entered the open gate, with the hope of having all these wonders explained ; but, alas! Amazed and confounded, the poor friar turned sadly from the place where he was regarded as an impudent impostor ; and retiring soon after to one of the rocky islands of the lake, lived for many years a holy life, and died at length in the odour of sanctity.

    There is a small well close by, which it is said possesses a miraculous power in curing all disorders : thither the afflicted, who have sufficient faith in its healing virtues, resort for relief of their bodily ailments. On these occasions, or indeed at any other time that they visit this spot, they never fail to strew' the ground with corn or crumbs of bread, as a repast for those birds who they believe are blessed spirits, sent by an invisible power to be the peculiar guardians of this scene. Now all this, though it may seem ridi- culous to the matter-of-fact reader, is rife with the spirit of poetry, and the legend related as it was to me, amidst the romantic scenes with wdiich it w'as associated, possessed an indescribable charm, which it w'ould be impossible to convey under other circumstances.

    Perhaps it is better that it should be so ; and though the poet and the romancist may regret the disappearance of the fairy and legendary lore of Ire- land, it is to be hoped that the progress of civilization, by bringing in its train peace and plenty to these shores, may cause the philanthropist to rejoice at the change. The shore here exhibits a sweep of wood so great in extent and so rich in foliage, that it is impossible not to be struck witli its beauty. Each of these basins being large, there appears a space of several yards between the three falls ; and the whole being as it were embowered within a woody arch, the effect is exceedingly picturesque and beautiful.

    Before quitting Killarney I resolved to pay a second visit to the ruin of Mucruss Abbey, which though not comparable in extent or architectural grandeur to many similar edifices in Ireland, is, from the beautiful seclusion of its situation, one of the most interesting monastic remains I have met with in this country. The abbey, of which I have already spoken, overhangs the lake in one of the finest parts of Mucruss demesne. Embosomed in the shade of lofty and venerable ash, oak, yew, elm, and sycamore trees, festooned with trailing plants, and garlanded with ivy of the darkest and most luxuriant foliage; it is more beautiful in its loneliness and decay than it could have been in its pristine state of neatness and perfection.

    The exact period of the foundation of Mucruss Abbey has not been well ascer- tained, but that a church was situated here from a very remote time, appears from a record in a manuscript collection of Annals in the library of Trinity College, Dublin, which states, that the church of Irrelagh Mucruss was burned in the year It owes its present state of preservation to the repairs which it received in , and subsequently in , as appears from a black letter inscription placed on the north side of the choir.

    The church consists of a nave and choir, separated by a small belfry, which is pierced by a narrow Gothic door, connecting the nave and choir. The portion of ground on the south of the church has for ages past been the favourite cemetery of the peasantry of the surrounding district ; and it is not uncommon for persons who die at great distances from this place, to lay their injunctions on their friends and relatives to have their remains conveyed thither for sepulture, firmly convinced that their spirits would not en- joy rest if their mortal part was consigned to any earth but that of the blessed Mucruss!

    Such requests are always religiously complied with by the survivors of the deceased, though the expense incurred often utterly ruins the person who ex- ecutes the pious task. An old woman who had been praying, according to the custom of the country, beside the grave of some deceased relative, observing me examining the tree with some degree of attention, volunteered to relate to me a legend concerning it, which had been handed down from generation to generation, and which is firmly believed by all the country folks for miles around.

    That this tree was indigenous to Ireland there can be no doubt. It has been found in a fossil state in many parts of the country, and its trunk has been frequently dug up from the Irish bogs of very large dimensions. One of the Irish names for this tree, loghadh or lodha pronounced loga or Eega, had been given to the sixteenth letter of the Irish alphabet a long time before Christianity was introduced into the island. Honor, to be sure, was as likelyF a girl as ever shook a foot on short grass; tall and comely she was, and straight as a rush ; and when she moved it was like a slendher ash-tree waving in the summer wind.

    Honor found that she must decide one way or the other. I believe it was only two or tliree evenings before the day that Frank was to leave the village, that a meeting was held at the public-house above at the cross-roads, where all the boys and girls of the neighbourhood were gathered to have a fling of a dance together. It was understood that on this night Honor was to make her choice between her lovers, so becoorse they both came prepared to do all they could to win the hand of the purty cailleen.

    Well, as the night grew late, some of the ould people began to talk of ghosts and sperrits, and holy places, and laygends, and the like ; and, amongst the rest, of the yew-tree of Mucruss, which was planted by the blessed hands of St. Columbkill himself, who left a strict order and command to all thrue believers not to touch so much as a leaf from it.

    Sure they might know I was only joking to try their sperrit. The night was as black as pitch, but both the lovers knew every inch of the path, and you may be sure neither of them let much grass grow under their feet on the way. After struggling and sliddhering about for a long while, he at last got himself and the ould woman upon dry land.

    Más libros de Sherry Boardman

    Surprised at not meeting Neal on his return he entered the cloisters ; and there what did he behold, but the soger stretched upon one of the tombstones, with a large branch of the blessed tree in his hand. Before he died, however, he tould Frank, that the instant he cut off the branch of the tree, he heard a dreadful screech! Well, then, that ould woman was no other than the blessed Saint Bridget herself; and if Neal Connor had shown a pitiful heart towards the cries of the distressed, she would have pursarved him from the misfortune that happened to him.

    I had already obtained a view of the Upper Lake from the cliff above the tun- nel in Turk Lake; but 1 resolved to devote another day to exploring its numerous beauties more closely, and also in visiting the extraordinary mountain-pass, called the Gap of Dunloe. The wild grandeur of the Upper Lake strikes the observer on first beholding it with feelings of awe and admiration.

    Perfectly distinct in the character of its romantic scenery from that of the Turk and Lower Lake, it combines many of the softer beauties of wood and water, with all the stern sublimity of mountain scenery; possessing in a surpassing degree every variety of landscape that can delight the eye or gratify the imagination.

    Embosomed amidst majestic mountains, whose fantastical summits seem to pierce the sky, the lake appears to be completely landlocked. Nature here sits in lonely and silent grandeur amidst her primeval mountains. Solitude — stillness, the most profound, rest upon the woody shores and the tranquil lake, filling and overpowering the mind with a deep sense of the perfect seclusion of the scene. A stranger visiting these lakes should therefore commence his tour with the lower, and proceed, step by step, to this lake, whose solemn beauties form a crowning scene to the splendid panorama on which his eyes have been feasted, and an impressive object for the termination of his pleasant labours.

    The shores here seem to have been fashioned by the hand of nature in one of her most whimsical moods. A number of islets of the most pic- turesque forms are also scattered over its surface ; some of them are mere masses of naked rocks ; others, on the contrary, are redundant in vegetation, producing trees, shrubs, and plants in the wildest profusion ; amongst which the arbutus, with its tempting berries, and the mountain-ash, with its scarlet clusters glowing through the dark shining foliage of the holly-tree are prominently conspicuous in the autumn season. The surprising natural architecture of several of these islands has been noticed by almost every writer who has described the beauties of Killar- ney : and by the aid of fancy are brought to resemble temples, pillars, and fortresses.

    The first mentioned, the centre of a cluster of five lying near the western shore, I have alluded to slightly in another place.